# How to derive equation from op amp circuit?

1. Sep 27, 2013

### Nat3

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Derive the differential equation from the following circuit

2. Relevant equations

The solution needs to be a differential equation in standard form, so that I can solve the equation for the characteristic modes, zero-input response, zero-state response, etc.

3. The attempt at a solution

For the first op amp, I did this:

$\frac{x(t)-0}{R_1} = C_1\frac{dV_{C_1}}{dt}$

$V_{C1} = 0 - y_1(t) = -y_1(t)$

$\frac{x(t)}{R_1} = C_1\frac{dy_1(t)}{dt}$

$\frac{dy_1(t)}{dt} = \frac{x(t)}{R_1C_1}$

Then, for the second op amp:

$\frac{y_1(t)}{R_2} = C_2\frac{dV_{C_2}}{dt} + \frac{0-y(t)}{R_3}$

$V_{C_2}=0-y(t)$

$\frac{y_1(t)}{R_2} = -C_2\frac{dy(t)}{dt} - \frac{y(t)}{R_3}$

At this point, I'm stuck.

Any help would be greatly appreciated!

2. Sep 27, 2013

### rude man

Have you had the Laplace transform?

If not, solve for y1(t) and then write the d.e. for the second stage with y1(t) the input for the second stage.

So y2(t) is a d.e with y1(t) as the excitation function.

You did OK but insert y1(t) as part of your d.e. for y2(t) after you solved for y1(t).

3. Sep 27, 2013

### Nat3

No Laplace transform yet..

I plugged the first equation into the second and got this:

$\frac{\int \frac{x(t)}{R_1C_1}}{R_2} = -C_2\frac{dy(t)}{dt}-\frac{y(t)}{R_3}$

Differentiating both sides results in:

$\frac{\frac{x(t)}{R_1C_1}}{R_2} = -C_2\frac{d^2y(t)}{dt^2}-\frac{1}{R_3}\frac{dy(t)}{dt}$

or

$\frac{x(t)}{R_1R_2C_1} = -C_2D^2y(t)-\frac{Dy(t)}{R_3}$

or

$D^2y(t)+\frac{Dy(t)}{R_3C_2} = -\frac{x(t)}{R_1R_2C_1C_2}$

Is that correct?

4. Sep 27, 2013

### rude man

Yes, except for the - sign on the rhs.

There arer two inversions so the output is + if the input is +.

Suggestion: if you let R3/R2 = k , R1C1 = T1 and R3C2 = T2 the math is cleaner. The equation then is
y'' + y'/T2 = kx/T1T2.

If you look at the 2nd stage the dc gain is k.

When you get the Laplace transform all this becomes much easier.