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Kinetics of acid-based and alkali-based catalysed reactions of esters

  1. Feb 25, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Why is the acid based catalysed reaction of esters first order while the akaline based catalysed reaction is second order.


    2. Relevant equations

    rate is proportional to [ester]^a [water]^b


    3. The attempt at a solution

    i know that a fisrt order is proportional to only one substance, here it is the ester. and most probably the second order is proportional to both the ester and the OH-. now i can't explain why.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 26, 2008 #2

    chemisttree

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    Would that be a saponification reaction you are talking about?
     
  4. Feb 26, 2008 #3
    oo yeah, i forgot to say it's about the hydrolysis of an ester, e.g. ethyl ethanoate.
     
  5. Mar 3, 2008 #4
    well..... i got the answer....

    acid hydrolysis is first order with respect to the ester, and zero order with respect to the H+. overall order is 1.

    alkaline hydrolysis is first order with respect to ester and first order with respect to OH-. overall order is 2.
     
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