# Sequences, Series, Convergence and Divergence

## Homework Statement

Q1 Are the following sequences divergent or convergent as n tends to infinity.

a: $\frac{5n+2}{n-1}$

b: $tan^{-1}(n)$

c:$\frac{2^n}{n!}$

Q2 Evaluate:....

a: $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} 3^{\frac{n}{2}}$

b: $\sum_{n=1}^{99} (-1)^n$

Q3 Find whether the following converge or diverge

a:$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{n-1}{n}$

b:$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n^{\frac{3}{2}}}$

## Homework Equations

|\frac{a_{n+1}}{a_n}|

## The Attempt at a Solution

Most of these I have no clue on how to format it mathmatically correct but I have given it my best shot, Id be surprised if I have any correct mind you.

Q1a
$$\frac{5n+2}{n-1}=12,\frac{17}{2},\frac{22}{3},\frac{27}{4}...\\$$
So it looks as tho it converges to 0 as n tends to infinity.

Q1b
$$tan^{-1}(n) = \frac{\pi}{4},1.107,1.25...$$
From messing on the calculator I can see that it tends to pi/2 as n tends to infinity but dont know how to show it mathmatically.

Q1c
$$\frac{2^n}{n!}=2,2,1.33,0.66,0.266$$
Again looks like it converges to 0 as n tends to infinity.

Q2a
$$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} 3^{\frac{n}{2}}=1+\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}+\frac{1}{3}+0.192+\frac{1}{9}$$
This looks as though the limit is 2, as n tends to infinity

Q2b
$$\sum_{n=1}^{99} (-1)^n=1-1+1-1+1-1$$
I noted that when n is even it is +1 and when it is odd it is -1 and since 99 is odd, then the limit is 0 as n tends to 99.

Q3a
$$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{n-1}{n}=\frac{\frac{n}{n}-\frac{1}{n}}{\frac{n}{n}}=1-\frac{1}{n} \\ =1-1+1-\frac{1}{2}+1-\frac{1}{3}+1-\frac{1}{4}...$$
here it seems it diverges to infinity as n tends to infinity (due to the +1's)

Q3b
$$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n^{\frac{3}{2}}}=1+0.353+0.192+.....$$
Here is looks like it converges to the limit of 2 as n tends to infinity.

Sorry for the mass of questions, I am not sure about any of them so any advice would be much appreciated.

Thanks.

Last edited:

hey! sorry, i didn't look through all the equations, but i'll offer some help on $1c)$ $$\frac{2^n}{n!}=\frac{2}{n}\cdot\frac{2}{(n-1)}\cdot\frac{2}{(n-2)}\cdot \cdot \cdot \cdot \frac{2}{3}\cdot\frac{2}{2}\cdot\frac{2}{1}$$. now what can we do (compare)...i'll let you think on this.