Biotechnology Definition and 99 Discussions

Biotechnology is a broad area of biology, involving the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products. Depending on the tools and applications, it often overlaps with related scientific fields. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, biotechnology has expanded to include new and diverse sciences, such as genomics, recombinant gene techniques, applied immunology, and development of pharmaceutical therapies and diagnostic tests. The term biotechnology was first used by Karl Ereky in 1919, meaning the production of products from raw materials with the aid of living organisms.

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  1. BiologyQueen

    DoE CCI Summer 2021 Internships

    Hey everyone! This is a forum for anyone who applied to the DoE CCI Summer 2021 Internships. Has anyone gotten a reply back from their labs? I am waiting on LLNL and SNL. I applied for Biotechnology, Engineering technology-Bio, and Energy Technology Bio. -Feel free if you have heard back...
  2. Ygggdrasil

    Scientists engineer E. coli that eats carbon dioxide

    E. coli is one of the best studied and most widely used bacteria in biotechnology. This week, published in the journal Cell, researchers report having engineered the bacterium to be able to generate all of its carbon from CO2, opening the way toward using these bacteria for replacement of...
  3. Ygggdrasil

    New CRISPR-based tool for find-and-replace editing of DNA

    Over the past half decade, researchers have envisioned the https://www.physicsforums.com/insights/dont-fear-https://www.physicsforums.com/insights/dont-fear-crispr-new-gene-editing-technologies-wont-lead-designer-babies/-new-gene-editing-technologies-wont-lead-designer-babies/system as a way to...
  4. TytoAlba95

    PCR in Cancer detection

    How is PCR able to detect chromosomal translocations causing cancer? I understand it is possible through FISH but how PCR?
  5. TytoAlba95

    RAPD - close proximity of primers

    I was reading RAPD kit manual by himedia and couldn't understand why the two primers should be at close proximity and in opposite orientation to actually amplify DNA. 'In RAPD analysis, for PCR to occur: a) the primers must anneal in a particular orientation (such that they point towards each...
  6. Ygggdrasil

    The end of mosquitoes?

    Mosquitoes are responsible for spreading a number of human diseases (including malaria, Dengue fever, and Zika virus), and account for nearly half a million deaths per year worldwide. For many years, scientists have been investigating technologies that could help control or even eliminate...
  7. TytoAlba95

    Biotechnology- pUC vectors

    'The MCSs of many vectors such as the pUC series are flanked by sequences complementary to a universal series of primers, the M13 forward and reverse primers. These priming sites are oriented such that extension of the primers annealed to these sites allows sequencing of both ends of an insert...
  8. TytoAlba95

    What is alpha-complementation?

    I am completely stumped by this question. I can't understand what is meant by complementation. Here's an excerpt from Primrose: 'The activity of the enzyme b-galactosidase is easily monitored by including in the growth medium the chromogenic substrate 5-bromo- 4-chloro-3-indolyl-b-D-galactoside...
  9. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Basic concepts in microscopy 1

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Basic concepts in microscopy 1

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  10. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Basic concepts in microscopy 2

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Basic concepts in microscopy 2

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  11. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Dark-field and phase contrast microscopy

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Dark-field and phase contrast microscopy

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  12. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Differential interference contrast and polarization

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Differential interference contrast and polarization

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  13. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Fluorescence and confocal microscopy

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Fluorescence and confocal microscopy

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  14. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Transmission electron microscopy

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Transmission electron microscopy

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  15. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Transmission electron microscopy cont. and scanning electron microscopy

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Transmission electron microscopy cont. and scanning electron microscopy

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  16. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Basic concepts 1

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Basic concepts 1

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  17. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Basic concepts 2

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Basic concepts 2

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  18. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- GM counting and Scintillation counting

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- GM counting and Scintillation counting

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  19. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Scintillation counting continued

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Scintillation counting continued

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  20. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Autoradiography and RIA

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Autoradiography and RIA

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  21. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Safety aspects and applications

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Safety aspects and applications

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  22. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Introduction and Basic concepts in chromatography 1

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Introduction and Basic concepts in chromatography 1

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  23. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Basic concepts in chromatography 2

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Basic concepts in chromatography 2

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  24. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- LPLC and HPLC

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- LPLC and HPLC

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  25. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Ion-exchange chromatography

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Ion-exchange chromatography

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  26. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Gel-filtration chromatography

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Gel-filtration chromatography

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  27. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Affinity chromatography

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Affinity chromatography

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  28. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Gas-liquid chromatography

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Gas-liquid chromatography

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  29. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Basic concepts in electrophoresis

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Basic concepts in electrophoresis

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  30. Horizontal and vertical gel electrophoresis - YouTube

    Horizontal and vertical gel electrophoresis - YouTube

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  31. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Native gel electrophoresis and SDS-PAGE

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Native gel electrophoresis and SDS-PAGE

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  32. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):Isoelectric focusing (IEF), 2-D gel electrophoresis and protein detection methods

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):Isoelectric focusing (IEF), 2-D gel electrophoresis and protein detection methods

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  33. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Electrophoresis of nucleic acids

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Electrophoresis of nucleic acids

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  34. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Immunoelectrophoresis and capillary electrophoresis

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Immunoelectrophoresis and capillary electrophoresis

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  35. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Introduction and basic concepts 1

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Introduction and basic concepts 1

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  36. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Basic concepts - 2

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Basic concepts - 2

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  37. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Types of centrifuges and analytical ultracentrifugation method

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Types of centrifuges and analytical ultracentrifugation method

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  38. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Separation methods in preparative ultracentrifuges

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Separation methods in preparative ultracentrifuges

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  39. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Types of rotors

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Types of rotors

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  40. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Types of rotors cont. and care of rotors

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Types of rotors cont. and care of rotors

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  41. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Introduction and basic concepts

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Introduction and basic concepts

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  42. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- UV-Visible spectroscopy

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- UV-Visible spectroscopy

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  43. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Infrared and fluorescence spectroscopy

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Infrared and fluorescence spectroscopy

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  44. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  45. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  46. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Atomic spectroscopy and mass spectrometry

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Atomic spectroscopy and mass spectrometry

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  47. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Polymerase chain reaction(PCR)

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Polymerase chain reaction(PCR)

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  48. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- DNA sequencing methods

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- DNA sequencing methods

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  49. Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)

    Analytical Technologies in Biotechnology by Dr. A. K. Sharma (NPTEL):- Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)

    Copyright reserved to Dr. Ashwani K. Sharma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. Duplication punishable offence. Lectures: http://www.nptel.ac.in/courses/102107028/ Syllabus: http://www.nptel.ac.in/syllabus/syllabus.php?subjectId=102107028
  50. T

    Which chromatography test fits best?

    Homework Statement A purified protein fraction containing buffer with salt can be desalted by one of the following techniques: (1) Gel filtration chromatography (3) Paper chromatography (2) Affinity chromatography (4) Thin layer chromatography 2. The attempt at a solution Well, the analyte...
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