What is Periodic functions: Definition and 49 Discussions
A periodic function is a function that repeats its values at regular intervals, for example, the trigonometric functions, which repeat at intervals of 2π radians. Periodic functions are used throughout science to describe oscillations, waves, and other phenomena that exhibit periodicity. Any function that is not periodic is called aperiodic.
Hello everyone,
I've been delving deep into the realm of periodic functions and their properties. One of the fundamental concepts I've come across is the use of sines and cosines as an orthogonal basis for representing any functions. This is evident in Fourier series expansions, where any...
Welcome to the reinstatement of the monthly math challenge threads!
Rules:
1. You may use google to look for anything except the actual problems themselves (or very close relatives).
2. Do not cite theorems that trivialize the problem you're solving.
3. Have fun!
1. (solved by...
Summary: Cofnusion regarding waves on a sonometer band
A tuning fork is used to determine the wave frequency of a sonometer(according to my understanding), so whay about pulse waves? Does a pulse have a wave frequency? Couldn't a pulse travel over the sonometer band that can be determined by a...
As is well known, almost periodic functions can be represented as a Fourier series with incommensurable (non-multiple) frequencies https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almost_periodic_function. It seems to me that I came up with an integral criterion for the degree of non-periodicity. The integral of a...
From the statement above, since the ring is massless, there's no force acting vertically on the rings. Thus, the slope is null.
##\frac{\partial y(0,0)}{\partial x} = \frac{\partial y(L,0)}{\partial x} = 0##
##\frac{\partial y(0,0)}{\partial x} = A\frac{2 \pi}{L}cos(\frac{2 \pi 0}{L}) =...
I know it is something simple that I am missing, but for the life of me I am stuck. So, I used the identity ##sin(a)sin(b)+cos(a)cos(b)=cos(a-b)## which gives me $$\int^{\infty}_{-\infty}dx\:f(x)\delta(x-y)=\int^{\infty}_{-\infty}dx\:f(x)\frac{1}{2L}\sum^{\infty}_{n=-\infty}\lbrace...
Hi all,
What is the general set notation for specifying a vertical asymptote and domain for a periodic function? For example, if I have a periodic function which has a period of pi/2, and within that period, a vertical asymptote occurs at pi/4. The domain is R, excluding that vertical...
Dear Everyone,
I do not know how to begin with the following problem:Suppose that $f$ is $2\pi$-periodic and let $a$ be a fixed real number. Define $F(x)=\int_{a}^{x} f(t)dt$, for all $x$ .
Show that $F$ is $2\pi$-periodic if and only if $\int_{0}^{2\pi}f(t)dt=0$.
Thanks,
Cbarker1
I know that some functions are ## 2 \pi ## periodic but what does it mean that a function is ##1##-periodic.
Is it ##f(x+1n) = f(x)## where ## n \in \mathbb{Z} ## ?
!HELP!
The Singapore Flyer, until recently the world's largest Ferris wheel, completes one rotation every 32 minutes.1 Measuring 150 m in diameter, the Flyer is set atop a terminal building, with a total height of 165 m from the ground to the top of the wheel. When viewed from Marina Centre, it...
Homework Statement
Consider the set V + {all periodic *complex* functions of time t with period 1} Draw two example functions that belong to V.
Show that if f(t) and g(t) are members of V then so is f(t) + g(t)Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution
f(t) = e(i*w0*t))
g(t) =e(i*w0*t...
Homework Statement
Let
\begin{equation*}
f(t) = 2 + \cos\left( 3t - \frac{\pi}{6} \right) + \frac{1}{4}\cos\left( \frac{1}{2}t + \frac{\pi}{3} \right) + \sin^2(t)
\end{equation*}
Determine the period ##T## and fundamental frequency ##\omega_0## of ##f## and draw images of its amplitude and...
A tad embarrassed to ask, but I've been going in circles for a while! Maybe i'll rubber duck myself out of it.
If f(t) = f(t+T) then we can find the Fourier transform of f(t) through a sequence of delta functions located at the harmonics of the fundamental frequency modulated by the Fourier...
Homework Statement
Homework Equations
none
The Attempt at a Solution
a) It is a periodic relationship because the number of hours of daylight repeats each year?
OR
It is a periodic relationship because the number of hours of daylight is based on the rotation of the earth, which is also...
Good afternoon people. Recently I started taking a course at my college about Fourier series but I got extremely confused. Here's what's going on. In school we were asigned to use the symmetry formulas to find the Fourier series of the following:
f\left ( t \right )=\begin{cases}
1 & \text{ if...
Homework Statement
Homework Equations
no equations required
The Attempt at a Solution
[/B]
a)
The number of hours of daylight is a periodic relationship, because it repeats the same wave-like pattern over the course of 1-2 years.
b)
the period is the amount of time it takes for one cycle...
Homework Statement
What is the fundamental period of the expression sinx/sinx.can you guys please illustrate how to make its graph?
Homework Equations
Okay I know drawing graph can give me the period.Can the period be found by any other method?
The Attempt at a Solution
I'm told that the...
A Bloch wave has the following form..
## \Psi_{nk}(r)=e^{ik\cdot r}u_{nk}(r)##
The ##u_{nk}## part is said to be periodic in real space. But what about reciprocal space? I've had a hard time finding a direct answer to this question, but I seem to remember reading somewhere that the entire...
Homework Statement
A pendulum with a mass of 0.1 kg was released. The string made an angle of 7 ° with the vertical. The bob of the pendulum returns to its lowest point every 0.1 seconds.
What is the period, frequency?
Homework Equations
T= 1/f
T=sec/cycles
F= cycles/sec
The Attempt at a...
I am given three sine waves with individual frequency being 10 Hz, 50 Hz, and 100 Hz.
What is the frequency of the following :
y(t) = sin(2π10t) + sin(2π50t) + sin(2π100t)
Is it simply 100, the LCM of all the sin waves? If not, How to calculate the frequency of y(t) ?
Homework Statement
If a function satisfies f(x+1)+f(x-1)=√2.f(x), the the period of f(x)=_____
Homework Equations
none
The Attempt at a Solution
I first tried to get rid of the irrational term.
f(x+2)+f(x)= √2.f(x+1)
f(x)+f(x-2) = √2.f(x-1)
adding the above equation, and substituting the...
Hey.
Assume you have a signal ##f## with period ##T_f## and a signal ##g## with period ##T_g##. Then the signal ##h= f+g## is periodic iff ##T_f/T_g \in \mathbb{Q}##.
So if ##T_f/T_g## is an irrational number, the signal ##h## will not be periodic. Why is this actually the case?
I have been looking through the book Counterexamples: From Elementary Calculus to the Beginning of Calculus and became interested in the section on periodic functions. I thought of the following question:
Suppose you have a periodic real valued function f(x) with a fundamental period T. Let c...
A periodic function is one that ##f(\theta) = f(\theta + nT)##, by definition. However, the argument ##\theta## can be function of space and time ( ##\theta(x, t)## ), so exist 2 lines of development, one spatial and other temporal: $$f(\theta) = f(kx + \varphi) = f(2 \pi \xi x + \varphi) =...
Can a function have two periods? If so, which is the fundamental period?
Consider the following function, $$ f : \mathbb{N} → \mathbb{R} $$, defined by
f[n] = 1 if n is a multiple of 2 or 3, and 0 otherwise.
Then it is clear that 2 and 3 are both periods of this function, since translation...
Correct me if I'm wrong, but exist 3 forms for represent periodic functions, by sin/cos, by exp and by abs/arg.
I know that given an expression like a cos(θ) + b sin(θ), I can to corvert it in A cos(θ - φ) or A sin(θ + ψ) through of the formulas:
A² = a² + b²
tan(φ) = b/a
sin(φ) = b/A...
Homework Statement
Let f be a 2π-periodic function (can be any periodic really, not only 2π), and let g be a smooth function. Then
lim_{n\rightarrow∞}\int^{B}_{A} f(nx)g(x) converges to \frac{1}{2π}\int^{2π}_{0}f(x)
The Attempt at a Solution
So far, I've come up with somewhat of...
Let $f:\mathbb R\to\mathbb R$ be a continuous function of period $2\pi.$ Prove that if $\displaystyle\int_0^{2\pi}f(x)\cos(nx)\,dx=0$ for $n=0,1,\ldots$ and $\displaystyle\int_0^{2\pi}f(x)\sin(nx)\,dx=0$ for $n=1,2,\ldots,$ then $f(x)=0$ for all $x\in\mathbb R.$
I know this has to do with the...
Homework Statement
Hi, my question is whether the sum and multiplication of two periodic functions (with a common period) are periodic.
Our functions are R\rightarrowR.
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
f(x)=f(x+T) g(x)=g(x+T) T is the period.
h(x)=f(x)+g(x)...
is it possible to find a function f different from f(x)=constant
with the property f(kx)=f(x) for some real and positive 'k' ?
this is somehow 'dilation periodicity' is the equivalent to the periodic funciton f(x+k)=f(x) for some positive 'k' for the traslation group
are there non-connstant function that satisfy the following asumptions ??
y(x)=y(kx) they are 'periodic' but under DILATIONS
and also satisfy the differential equation of the form (eigenvalue problem)
axy'(x)+bx^{2}y''(x)=e_{n}y(x)
if the Lie Group is of translations y(x+1)=y(x)...
Hello, I know I am asking for advice about a very specific topic - periodic functions, almost periodic functions and quasi-periodic functions. I was hit by an idea and I need to know a few things more comprehensively about this topic !?~ :]
I am aware that "periodic functions etc." isn't a...
I have found in physics literature a periodic function of time is many times written in complex form.
For example,f(x,t)=g(x)e^{i\omega t}
As a non-physicist this has proven a bit confusing.
Is it generally understood that the function we are really interested in the real part of the...
Homework Statement
If f be a periodic function as well as an odd function with period p and and x belongs to [-p/2, p/2]. Prove that is periodic with period p.
The Attempt at a Solution
In the solution, there is a step which I did not understand-
I see no property of definite...
Homework Statement
Let f be periodic with period P. Prove that 1/f is periodic with period P.
The Attempt at a Solution
f(s+P)= f(s) I know that is the equation for a periodic function. I am not sure how to
prove the 1/f part though. Would I just do this:
1/f(s+P)=f(s)? I'm just...
someone told me that there's a proof that says f(x) = x can be expressed as a sum of two periodic functions.. does anybody know this?
thanks for sharing
Homework Statement
Hi and thank you for reading this!
Let \left.f(x) = cos(x) + cos\left(\pi x\right)
a) show that the equation f(x)=2 has a unique solution.
b) conclude from part a that f is not periodic. Does this contradict withe the previous exercise that states if...
Homework Statement
The desert temperature, H, oscillates daily between 40 degrees F at 5 am, and 80 degrees F at 5 pm. Write a possible formula for H in terms of t, measured in hours from 5 am.
The Attempt at a Solution
The best I can come up with is
H=60+40sin((pi/6)t)
but this...
what is the cardinality of a set A of real periodic functions ?
f(x)=x is periodic so R is subset of A but not equal because sin(x) is in A but not in R. hence aleph_1<|A|.
Homework Statement
Hi all.
Can you confirm these statements:
1) If I integrate an odd, periodic function of period 2L over one period, then the integral equals zero.
2) If I have a function f(x) with period 2L, then f(x+alfa), where alfa is an arbitrary number, will not change it's...
Homework Statement
We have a piecewise continuous function and T-periodic function f and we have that:
F(a) = \int_a^{a + T} {f(x)dx}
I have to show that F is diferentiable at a if f is continuous at a.
My attempt so far:
I have showed that F is continuous for all a. If we look at one...
this has to do with music and notes and soundwaves and stuff
i have to find out the sound waves for thirds (eg c and e or d and f or e and g... u get the picture). its in radians by the way. i figured id worked out the formula for c and the formila for e and just add them but I am not sure...
Homework Statement
What kind of conditions do eigenvalues impose to ensure periodicity?
Is it plausible to say that irrational multiples of eigenvalues imply no harmonic oscillations, if so why?
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
I understand what the Fourier Theorem means, as well as how it behaves, I just don't understand how the math actually pans out or in what order to do what.
I'm going to start off with what I know.
f(x) = \frac{a_0}{2} \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}(a_n}\cos{nx} + b_{n}\sin{nx})
while,
a_{0} =...
I'm doing a practice exam for a math test on thursday, wondering if anyone could help figure out how to get from one step to the next. i don't think that the background info is necessary for these two steps.
the file is attached (Adobe acrobat).
what i am wondering about is the answer...