What is Span: Definition and 209 Discussions

Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network (C-SPAN ) is an American cable and satellite television network that was created in 1979 by the cable television industry as a nonprofit public service. It televises many proceedings of the United States federal government, as well as other public affairs programming. The C-SPAN network includes the television channels C-SPAN (focusing on the U.S. House of Representatives), C-SPAN2 (focusing on the U.S. Senate), and C-SPAN3 (airing other government hearings and related programming), the radio station WCSP-FM, and a group of websites which provide streaming media and archives of C-SPAN programs. C-SPAN's television channels are available to approximately 100 million cable and satellite households within the United States, while WCSP-FM is broadcast on FM radio in Washington, D.C. and is available throughout the U.S. on SiriusXM via Internet streaming, and globally through apps for iOS and Android devices.
The network televises U.S. political events, particularly live and "gavel-to-gavel" coverage of the U.S. Congress. C-SPAN also televises occasional proceedings of the Australian, British (including the weekly Prime Minister's Questions), and Canadian Parliaments, as well as other major events worldwide. Its coverage of political and policy events is unmoderated, providing the audience with unfiltered information about politics and government. Non-political coverage includes historical programming, programs dedicated to non-fiction books, and interview programs with noteworthy individuals associated with public policy. C-SPAN is a private, nonprofit organization funded by its cable and satellite affiliates, and it does not have advertisements on any of its networks, radio stations, or websites, nor does not solicit donations or pledges. The network operates independently, and neither the cable industry nor Congress has control of its programming content.

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  1. JD_PM

    I Proving U_1 + U_2 + ... + U_k = span (U_1 \cup U_2 \cup \ ... \ \cup U_k)

    1) Base case ##k=2## ##U_1 + U_2 = span (U_1 \cup U_2)##, which I understand how to prove is OK. 2) Induction hypothesis We assume that the following statement holds $$U_1 + U_2 + ... + U_{k-1} = span (U_1 \cup U_2 \cup \ ... \ \cup U_{k-1})$$ 3) Induction step $$U_1 + U_2 + ... + U_k =...
  2. R

    Choosing correct steel beam for a span

    I have a weight of 30,000 lbs distributed across a span of 100' and supported at the ends. If I have 3 beams to support this load, each beam would then need to hold 10,000 lbs, and with a F.S of 1.6 each beam would need to hold 16,000 lbs. If I assume my max deflection at 1", then I can find the...
  3. karush

    MHB Creates vectors for the span

    ok I am trying to solve some other problems following this example but can[t see how the $z_1,z_2,z_3$ are created I know it is pulled for REFF matrix
  4. karush

    MHB 311.1.7.9 For what values of h is v_3 in Span {v_1,v_2,v_3}

    $\tiny{311.1.7.9}$ For what values of $h$ is $v_3$ in Span $\{v_1,v_2,v_3\}$ linearly \textit{dependent}. Justify $v_1=\left[\begin{array}{rrrrrr}1\\-3\\2\end{array}\right], v_2=\left[\begin{array}{rrrrrr}-3\\9\\-6\end{array}\right], v_3=\left[\begin{array}{rrrrrr}5\\-7\\h\end{array}\right]$...
  5. S

    Matrix concept Questions (invertibility, det, linear dependence, span)

    I have a trouble showing proofs for matrix problems. I would like to know how A is invertible -> det(A) not 0 -> A is linearly independent -> Column of A spans the matrix holds for square matrix A. It would be great if you can show how one leads to another with examples! :) Thanks for helping...
  6. M

    MHB Proving Linear Dependence and Span in n-dimensional Space

    Hey! :o Let $1\leq n,k\in \mathbb{N}$ and let $v_1, \ldots , v_k\in \mathbb{R}^k$. Show that: Let $w\in \text{Lin}(v_1, \ldots , v_k)$. Then it holds that $\text{Lin}(v_1, \ldots , v_k)=\text{Lin}(v_1, \ldots , v_k,w)$. Let $v_1, \ldots , v_k$ be linearly dependent. Thn there is a $1\leq...
  7. S

    I Finding the dimension of the span ##u_1-u_2, ...., u_n-u_1##?

    If ##\textbf{u}_1,...,\textbf{u}_n## form a basis in a linear space, how does one determine the dimension of the span ##\textbf{u}_1-\textbf{u}_2, \textbf{u}_2-\textbf{u}_3,...,\textbf{u}_n-\textbf{u}_1##? Since ##\textbf{u}_1,...,\textbf{u}_n## form a basis, they're linearly independent. If one...
  8. karush

    MHB 11.1 Determine if the polynominal.... is the span of (....,....)

    Determine if the polynomial $3x^2+2x-1$ is the $\textbf{span}\{x^2+x-1,x^2-x+2,1\}$ok from examples it looks like we see if there are scalars such that $c_1(x^2+x-1)+c_2(x^2-x+2,1)=3x^2+2x-1$so far not sure how this is turned into a simultaneous eq I did notice that it is common to get...
  9. karush

    MHB 10.3 Determine if A is in the span B

    Determine if $A=\begin{bmatrix} 1\\3\\2 \end{bmatrix}$ is in the span $B=\left\{\begin{bmatrix} 2\\1\\0 \end{bmatrix} \cdot \begin{bmatrix} 1\\1\\1 \end{bmatrix}\right\}$ ok I added A and B to this for the OP but from examples it looks like this can be answered by scalors so if...
  10. K

    I Which function space do square waves span?

    Hello! As the topic suggests I´m interested which functions space square waves span? Lets say we define them as https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/media/math/render/svg/5b8953debf86627276f45bf8822140ff2bbaee56 . Do they span the same space as the sines and cosines in Fourier analysis? :/ Thanks!
  11. M

    Prove that the standard basis vectors span R^2

    Homework Statement I know how to approach this problem; however, I'm just confused as to why we consider that R^2 is a vector space over the field R, and not Q or any other field for this question? Standard basis vectors: e_1, e_2 or i,j
  12. morrobay

    Opinions On This 50m Steel Span Bridge Without Supports

    The bridge sections in photo are being welded / bolted ? together on site. Is this going to be structurally strong enough for a pedestrian bridge ?
  13. Justin Bishop

    Misc. Safe Pull-up Bar Span for 124" - Advice?

    Hello smart physicists! I'm hoping to run a span of 124" for a pull up bar, with a support in the middle at the 62" point (so 3 supports total). I'm using the Rogue P-5V Pull-Up Bar Brackets (https://www.roguefitness.com/rogue-p-5v-garage-pullup-system). The brackets call for a tube with a...
  14. M

    MHB Describe bases for the span of sets

    Hey! :o We have the subset $X_i$ of $\mathbb{R}^2$: $$X_1 := \{(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 : x + y = 0\}; \\ X_2 := \{(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 : x + y = 1\} \\ X3 := \{(x,y) \in\mathbb{R}^2 : x^2 + y^2 = 0\}; \\ X4 := \{(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 : x^2- y^2 = 0\}$$ We want to check which of these sets...
  15. R

    I A different way to express the span

    Let us assume that d is a vector in the vector space ℝ2 , then is: {td | t ∈ ℝ} the same as span{d} ? Thank you.
  16. Drakkith

    I Why can't a set of vectors with less than n elements span ℝn?

    I'm trying to figure out something regarding the span of a set of vectors. Say we have a set of vectors ##V=\{v_1, v_2, ... v_k\}## in ℝn. If k < n then the set does not span ℝn. Why is this? Are there vectors in ℝn that aren't combinations of the vectors in ##V##?
  17. B

    Conditions for Strict Inequality in Span Intersection

    Homework Statement Let ##S_1## and ##S_2## be subsets of the vector space ##V##. Prove that ##span (S_1 \cap S_2) \subseteq span(S_1) \cap span(S_2)##. Given an examples of ##S_1## and ##S_2## for which equality holds and for which the inequality is strict. Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a...
  18. C

    Loading Over a span and selecting appropriate materials

    Hello all and thanks in advance for the help! I am currently working on creating a lighting fixture that will be suspended over an aquarium. What I am having trouble with is determining a safe material and thickness for the spars going between the lights (see below). My goal is to have these...
  19. P

    I What does it mean to span the Bloch sphere?

    If I construct a set of qubit gates, say {G1, G2 ... Gk ... Gn}, that can act on a state |ψ>, what does it mean for the set of states Gk |ψ> to span the Bloch sphere? As an example, take the set {G1, G2, G3, G4} = { I, X π/2 , Y π/2, Xπ } Here, X π/2 denotes a π/2 rotation about the x-axis, Y...
  20. HenryFa

    I Problem understanding the SPAN

    Hello everyone, I'm a CS student and I'm taking a course called Linear Algebra it's very easy, but there is one thing that I'm not clearly understanding i know how the general way to prove if given vectors span a vspace, ex : v1,v2,v3 i put them in a Matrix form and prove the determinant...
  21. F

    Validating Beam Deflection Equations for Pinned and Fixed Supports

    Homework Statement In this question , is figure 11-2 a and 11-2 b the same beam ? Why in a , the support is pinned end , it change to fixed end in figure b ? Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution In equation 11-9 , i gtet different ans with the author .. Here's what i gt : MN = 2EK( 2...
  22. M

    I Two orthonormal bases that span the same space

    I just read something that I do not want to misinterpret. If there are two orthonormal basis that span the same space, which I think implies that each basis can be written in terms of the other basis, then measurements made with respect to each basis will not commute? Does this mean that...
  23. M

    I How can Spin-up z and spin-down z span the space?

    ##\def \sqx{\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}}## If Szu represents spin-up in the z-direction and Szd represents spin-down in the z-direction then the vector which represents spin-up in the x-direction is given by the superposition of the z states \begin{equation}|S_{zu}\rangle =\begin{bmatrix}1 \\...
  24. Poetria

    Span and Vector Space: Understanding Vectors in Linear Algebra

    Homework Statement The question is: if vectors v1, v2, v3 belong to a vector space V does it follow that: span (v1, v2, v3) = V span (v1, v2, v3) is a subset of V.[/B] 2. The attempt at a solution: If I understand it correctly the answer to both questions is yes. The first: the linear...
  25. Minal

    A Find vectors in Orthogonal basis set spanning R4

    An orthogonal basis set spanning R4 has four vectors, v1, v2, v3 and v4. If v1 and v2 are [ −1 2 3 0 ] and [−1 1 −1 0 ] find v3 and v4. Please explain this in a very simple way.
  26. H

    I Why do Hydrogen bound states span the Hilbert space?

    As the title says, why does the set of hydrogen bound states form an orthonormal basis? This is clearly not true in general since some potentials (such as the finite square well and reversed gaussian) only admit a finite number of bound states.
  27. S

    MHB Finding a set of vectors that span u,v....

    Find a set of vectors {u, v} in $\mathbb{R}^4$ that spans the solution set of the equations: $x - y + 2z - 2w = 0$ $2x + 2y -z + 3w = 0$ ($u$ and $v$ are both $4 \times 1$) $u = ?$, $v = ?$ I put the matrix in RREF to get $\begin{bmatrix}1&0&3/4&-1/4\\0&1&-5/4&7/4\end{bmatrix} =...
  28. P

    I When should one eigenvector be split into two (same span)?

    This question was inspired by 3c) on https://people.phys.ethz.ch/~muellrom/qm1_2012/Solutions4.pdf Given the operator \hat{B} = \left(\matrix{b&0&0\\0&0&-ib\\0&ib&0}\right) I find correctly that the eigenvalues are \lambda = b, \pm b. To find the eigenvectors for b, I do the following...
  29. M

    Determine which system of vectors span C^3

    Homework Statement Please see the attached picture Homework Equations Reduced echelon form of the column matrix The Attempt at a Solution I can solve for the first part to find which ones are the bases in ##\mathbb{R}^3## by determining whether in the echelon form, there is a pivot in each...
  30. G

    MHB Proving Span of $\mathbb{R}^2$ Using Sets of Vectors

    I'm given the example that the space $\mathbb{R}^2$ is spanned by each of the following set of vectors: \left\{i, j\right\}, \left\{i, j, i+j\right\}, and \left\{0, i, -i, -j, i+j\right\}. However, it's not obvious to me how. Let $i = (s, t)$ and $j= (u, v)$ then $\left\{i, j\right\}$ means...
  31. J

    Linear Algebra: Determine Span of {(1, 0, 3), (2, 0, -1), (4, 0, 5), (2, 0, 6)}

    Homework Statement Determine whether the set spans ℜ3. If the set does not span ℜ3 give a geometric description of the subspace it does span. s = {(1, 0, 3), (2, 0, -1), (4, 0, 5), (2, 0, 6)} Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution I am having trouble with the second part of this problem...
  32. G

    Linear algebra: Prove that the set is a subspace

    Homework Statement Let U is the set of all commuting matrices with matrix A= \begin{bmatrix} 2 & 0 & 1 \\ 0 & 1 & 1 \\ 3 & 0 & 4 \\ \end{bmatrix}. Prove that U is the subspace of \mathbb{M_{3\times 3}} (space of matrices 3\times 3). Check if it contains span\{I,A,A^2,...\}. Find the...
  33. G

    Linear algebra: Find the span of a set

    Homework Statement Find the span of U=\{2,\cos x,\sin x:x\in\mathbb{R}\} (U is the subset of a space of real functions) and V=\{(a,b,b,...,b),(b,a,b,...,b),...,(b,b,b,...,a): a,b\in \mathbb{R},V\subset \mathbb{R^n},n\in\mathbb{N}\} Homework Equations - Span -Subset The Attempt at a Solution...
  34. G

    Linear algebra: Find the span of a set

    Homework Statement Find the span of U=\{2,\cos x,\sin x:x\in\mathbb{R}\} (U is the subset of a space of real functions) and V=\{(a,b,b,...,b),(b,a,b,...,b),...,(b,b,b,...,a): a,b\in \mathbb{R},V\subset \mathbb{R^n},n\in\mathbb{N}\} Homework Equations -Vector space span -Linear independence...
  35. M

    Dimension of the span of a set of vectors

    My linear algebra is a bit rusty. Let ##A=\{\bar{v}_1, \dots, \bar{v}_1\}## be a set of vectors in ##R^n##. Can dim(span##(A))=n## without spanning ##R^n##? I guess I'm unclear on how to interpret the dimension of the span of a set of vectors.
  36. H

    Connection between subspace, span, and basis?

    I'm stuck on a relation issue if there is a direct relation at all. If I were to verify that a subset is a subspace of a vector space V, would it then be correct to check that subset for linear independence to verify that the subset spans the subspace? I'm not sure if I'm following the...
  37. yango_17

    Is span a subset in ##\mathbb{R}^{n}##?

    Homework Statement Consider the vectors ##\vec{v_{1}},\vec{v_{2}},...,\vec{v_{m}}## in ##\mathbb{R}^{n}##. Is span ##(\vec{v_{1}},...,\vec{v_{m}})## necessarily a subspace of ##\mathbb{R}^{n}##? Justify your answer. Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution I understand the three conditions...
  38. kostoglotov

    What subspace of 3x3 matrices is spanned by rank 1 matrices

    So that's the question in the text. I having some issues I think with actually just comprehending what the question is asking me for. The texts answer is: all 3x3 matrices. My answer and reasoning is: the basis of the subspace of all rank 1 matrices is made up of the basis elements...
  39. PhiowPhi

    Effects of Magnetic field span reduction?

    Given the following diagram: The conductor(C) of known volume(##V##) and resistance(##R##), passes a uniform magnetic field(##B##)at a constant velocity(##v##), via the following formula: ## \epsilon = -vBL## the induced EMF can be calculated. This conductor acts as a power source to a certain...
  40. S

    Understanding the Span of Matrices: Can Someone Explain This Question to Me?

    Hi all, This isn't actually part of my assigned homework, I was just trying it out as the topic confuses me. I think I might understand what's going on a little more if someone could walk me through this. Any advice on the intuition behind it would be great. Thanks so much. 1. Homework...
  41. H

    Finding the Dimension of a Vector Space: The Matrix Method

    Homework Statement A. Let {t,u,v,w} be a basis for a vector space V. Find dim(U) where U = span{t+2u+v+w, t+3u+v+2w, 3t+4u+2v, 3t+5u+2v+w} B. Compute the dimension of the vector subspace V= span{(-1,2,3,0),(5,4,3,0),(3,1,1,0)} of R^4Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution I know that...
  42. _N3WTON_

    Linear Combinations and Span (Concept Question)

    Homework Statement Let A be an m \hspace{1 mm} x \hspace{1 mm} n matrix, and let \vec{b} be a vector in \mathbb{R}^{m} . Suppose that \vec{b} is a linear combination of the columns of A. Then the columns of A span \mathbb{R}^{m} Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution I said that...
  43. S

    The time span for which insect can see its image?

    1. The problem: A plane mirror of length 2m is kept along the line y=-x as shown in the figure. An insect having velocity of 4 cm/s is moving along x-axis from far away. The time span for which the insect can see its image will be:A)50 sec B)25 sec C)25√2 sec D)50√2 sec 2.The answer...
  44. B

    MHB Please Critique My Solution Involving Linear Independence, Linear Dependence and Span

    Problem: True or False? If $x$ and $y$ are linearly independent, and if $\{\textbf{x}, \textbf{y}, \textbf{z}\}$ is linearly dependent, then $\textbf{z}$ is in Span $\{\textbf{x},\textbf{y}\}$ Solution: $\textbf{True}$. If $a\textbf{x} + b\textbf{y} = \textbf{0}$ is true and if $a\textbf{x} +...
  45. H

    12m span of concrete roof slab

    Hi, I am designing a concrete roof slab that span across 12m long and 9m width for my living area. The support columns are placed in each 4 corners and they are 300mm x 300mm size. The concrete slab roof is cantilevered out by 1.8m on 3 sides (not all 4 sides) with the thickness of 150mm. At the...
  46. M

    Difference between span and basis

    I'm just having a small trouble understanding the difference ( occurred while I was doing exercise). A basis is defined as 1)linearly independent 2)spans the space it is found in. Here is where I get confused: To determine whether or not a set spans a vector space, I was taught to find its...
  47. S

    What exactly does it mean for a surface to span a contour?

    Homework Statement What exactly does it mean for a surface to span a contour/curve? For example, which surface(s) span the contour/curve defined by the equations x^2 + y^2 = 1 and z = y^2? Homework Equations N/A The Attempt at a Solution I'm not sure if I'm saying something nonsensical, but...
  48. M

    Indicating Vector Inclusion in Span of Matrix Columns

    Homework Statement How to indicate that a vector b is in the span of the columns of a matrix C? Homework Equations I could type the definition of Span here, but Wikipedia has it too and it is not necessary or useful now. The Attempt at a Solution \mathbf{b} \in \mathrm{Span}\{\mathbf{c}_1...
  49. Laurine

    Solving the Severn Bridge Sag Span Mystery

    Hello everyone. I have to describe is the Severn Bridge, a suspension bridge spanning the River Severn and River Wye in England. I have found almost all the measurements, except for one: the sag span. I could only find the sag ratio (1/12) but I need to convert this ratio to meters. Can anyone...
  50. C

    Proof Linear Span Subsets: Proving L(S) is Smallest Subspace of V

    This question asks me to prove a statement regarding linear spans. I have devised a proof but I am not sure if it is substantial enough to prove the statement. 1. Homework Statement Let L(S) be the subspace spanned by a subset S of a linear space V. Prove that if S is a subset of T and T is a...