# Nodal Analysis Problem help (Double Supermesh)

• IonizingJai
In summary, Nodal Analysis is a method used in circuit analysis to determine voltage at each node by creating a system of equations using Kirchhoff's Current Law and Ohm's Law. Regular meshes and supermeshes are different in that supermeshes allow for easier analysis of circuits with dependent current sources. Double Supermesh takes into account the interaction between multiple sources. Common mistakes to avoid in Nodal Analysis include improper labeling, not accounting for dependent sources, and incorrect equation setup. Shortcuts and tricks such as using symmetry, Thevenin's/Norton's theorem, and Kirchhoff's Voltage Law can make solving Nodal Analysis problems more efficient.
IonizingJai
Homework Statement
We are required to find the Node Voltages in the given circuit.
Relevant Equations
Why is the Node current b/w node 1 and 3, I = (V2-V3)/2 , not included in the KCL at Supernode -1,3, which is the equation 1.
That is, for Supernode -1,3 (12V branch) , we do Nodal Analysis and we have (V2-V3)/2 , over the 2 ohm branch.
But this current is not included in the Equation 1 in the solution I have attached(Which is my only source to cross check answers/solution right now.)
Is the solution wrong?

Thanks for help.

#### Attachments

• Problem.PNG
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• Solution.PNG
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The current I = (V2-V3)/2 doesn't come into play because it's internal to the supernode. It enters node 2 and leaves node 3, so it cancels as far as its effect on the supernode. The given solution is correct.

## 1. What is nodal analysis and how is it used in electrical engineering?

Nodal analysis is a method used in electrical engineering to analyze and solve circuits. It involves identifying and labeling all the nodes (points where multiple components connect) in a circuit and writing equations based on the current entering and leaving each node. These equations can then be solved to determine the voltage at each node and the current flowing through each component.

## 2. What is a double supermesh and when is it used in nodal analysis?

A double supermesh is a special case of a supermesh, which is a combination of two meshes that share a common current source or voltage source. Double supermeshes occur when there are two current sources or two voltage sources in a circuit. They are used in nodal analysis when simplifying a circuit with multiple sources and can help reduce the number of equations needed to solve the circuit.

## 3. How do you set up equations for a double supermesh in nodal analysis?

To set up equations for a double supermesh, follow these steps:

• Identify and label all the nodes in the circuit.
• Choose a reference node and assign it a voltage of 0.
• Write equations for each node, using Ohm's law and Kirchhoff's current law (KCL).
• For each double supermesh, write an additional equation using Kirchhoff's voltage law (KVL) to account for the voltage sources.
• Solve the equations simultaneously to determine the voltage at each node and the current through each component.

## 4. What are the benefits of using nodal analysis with a double supermesh?

Using nodal analysis with a double supermesh can provide several benefits, including:

• Reducing the number of equations needed to solve a circuit, making the analysis process more efficient.
• Allowing for easier identification and elimination of redundant equations.
• Providing a more organized and systematic approach to solving complex circuits.
• Helping to avoid errors and inconsistencies that may occur when using other methods of circuit analysis.

## 5. Are there any limitations to using nodal analysis with a double supermesh?

While nodal analysis with a double supermesh can be a useful tool in solving circuits, it does have some limitations:

• It may not be suitable for circuits with non-linear components, such as diodes or transistors.
• It requires a good understanding of circuit theory and the ability to identify and label nodes accurately.
• In some cases, it may result in a large number of equations, making the solution process more time-consuming.

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