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Homework Help: The unit tangent/normal vectors to motion+their derivatives

  1. Feb 2, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    http://img124.imageshack.us/img124/4485/clipboard01hb6.jpg [Broken]

    2. Relevant equations
    magnitude of n, u=1, u is in the direction of the velocity u=V/V

    3. The attempt at a solution
    The 1st part is easy, I wrote:
    http://img129.imageshack.us/img129/1244/clipboard01mv3.jpg [Broken]

    But I can't do the second part, I read about 10 different sources about these unit vectors, but now I'm even more confused. Especially about so called "radial" and "transverse" unit vectors, they are not "tangential" and "normal" unit vectors?

    Anyway, for this part I tried analytical approach:
    http://img129.imageshack.us/img129/7342/clipboard01tu6.jpg [Broken]
    But not sure what to do next. Or another approach:
    http://img129.imageshack.us/img129/287/clipboard02ve7.jpg [Broken]

    Any help will be appreciated, I spent about 2 days on this problem alone :cry:
    Last edited by a moderator: May 4, 2017
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 2, 2009 #2

    D H

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    Use the chain rule to express [itex]\math d \hat u / dt[/itex] in terms of [itex]\math d \hat u / ds[/itex].
  4. Feb 2, 2009 #3
    Your alternate approach using theta will work. Let


    Integrate with respect time. V(s) = ds/dt and



    [tex]\omega{ds}= \mbox{magnitude of V}[/tex]
  5. Feb 2, 2009 #4
    ok, but I don't know what to do next :(

    [tex]\frac{d \hat u}{ds}=\frac{d \hat u}{ds}[/tex][tex]\frac{ds}{dt}[/tex]

    Added: will try your method now, chrisk. thanks
  6. Feb 2, 2009 #5

    D H

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    You know [tex]\frac{d\hat u}{ds}[/tex] from part (a), and you should know [tex]\frac{ds}{dt}[/tex].
  7. Feb 2, 2009 #6
    I still can't complete it :(
    http://img89.imageshack.us/img89/2286/clipboard01da6.jpg [Broken]

    The last step, why du/d(theta)=n?
    Last edited by a moderator: May 4, 2017
  8. Feb 2, 2009 #7
    Express the unit vectors n and u in terms of unit vectors x and y using cosine and sine. The unit vectors x and y do not change direction. Now, take du/d(theta) and this will show how this derivative is related to n.
  9. Feb 2, 2009 #8

    D H

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    What is the relation between ds/dt and v?
  10. Feb 2, 2009 #9
    Are they equal? I don't know, this is too hard :( please just tell me how to do it, so I know for future.
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