What is Critical point: Definition and 56 Discussions
In thermodynamics, a critical point (or critical state) is the end point of a phase equilibrium curve. The most prominent example is the liquid–vapor critical point, the end point of the pressure–temperature curve that designates conditions under which a liquid and its vapor can coexist. At higher temperatures, the gas cannot be liquefied by pressure alone. At the critical point, defined by a critical temperature Tc and a critical pressure pc, phase boundaries vanish. Other examples include the liquid–liquid critical points in mixtures.
Is it the lower the boiling point the better? As room pressure and temperature already can change the phase without working at vacuum?
And the higher critical point means it is hard to reach super critical phase?
But there is transcritical CO2 cycle, which the critical point is so low, and...
If the function is not differentiable at point. Can we consider this point is critical point to the function?
f(x) = (x-3)^2 when x>0
= (x+3)^2 when x<0
he asked for critical points in the closed interval -2, 2
$\displaystyle g'=2xe^{kx}+e^{kx}kx^2$
we are given $ x=\dfrac{2}{3}$ then
$\displaystyle g'=\dfrac{4}{3}e^\left(\dfrac{2k}{3}\right)+e^\left({\dfrac{2k}{3}}\right)\dfrac{4k}{9}$
ok something is ? aren't dx supposed to set this to 0 to find the critical point
did a desmos look like k=-3 but ...
In many phase diagrams of a single substance, there is a triple point, where the solid, liquid and gas phases coexist in equilibrium, and there is a liquid-gas critical point beyond which, the transition between liquid and gas becomes continuous, and the substance is known as a super-critical...
Hi. I have read somewhere that cubic equations of state seem to have convergence issues when vapor pressure calculations are done near the critical point. Sadly, I have forgotten where I have have read it :(
I would like to ask some knowledgeable people regarding this, or can people point me I...
y = 3e^(−2x) −5e^(−4x)
y'= −6e^(−2x)+20e^(−4x)
How do I find the critical point at x?
The answer is (1/2)ln(10/3) but I don't know how to get that answer
Thank you
Homework Statement
Let ##F(x,y)=4sin(xy)+x^3+y^3## Use Newton's method to approximate the critical point that lies near ##(x,y)=(-1,-1)##
Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution
I have a problem here because the derivative is not a square matrix. Hence, I can't find the inverse needed for...
Homework Statement
a.) Let f(x)=(sin x)/x, x≠0. Define f(0) such that f is continuous at x=0.
b.) Prove that if x0 is critical point of function f (f(0) defined as in part a), then |f(x0)|=1/(1+x02)-½ (Hint: use the basic properties of sine and cosine with given information.)The Attempt at a...
Homework Statement
X'=x-y^2 Y'=x^2 -xy -2xHomework Equations
Find the critical point of this system.
The Attempt at a Solution
I know one point is (0,0).
When I tried it I got sqrt(x)= 2 and sqrt(x)= 1 but the point (1,1) doesn't fit later parts of the question. I'm also aware that since a...
dx/dt = x-y^2 dy/dt= x^2 -xy -2x
For each critical point, find the approximate linear OD system that is valid in a small neighborhood of it.
I found the critical points which are (0,0),(4,2),(4,-2) but have no idea how to do the above question! please help!
The Wikipedia page on the heat of vaporization has a nice graph showing the heat of vaporization going to zero at the critical points of various substances. Is there a known form for the heat of vaporization as a function of temperature near the critical point? I imagine it is probably a power...
There are claims or at least assumptions that: "upon approaching "critical point" pure gases become super compressible. You could compress them many times without pressure increase and store like this if you maintain exact temperature and pressure needed. It opens possibility to superdense gas...
According to wikipedia:
"As for a classical second order transition, a quantum second order transition has a quantum critical point (QCP) where the quantum fluctuations driving the transition diverge and become scale invariant in space and time."
I am confused about what this means. Why do the...
Homework Statement
I am being asked to find the absolute extrema of the function
f(x) = 3x^{2/3}- 2x, [-1,1]
2. The attempt at a solution
I have taken the derivative and simplified it to:
\frac {1- \sqrt [3] x}{\sqrt [3]x} = 0
Here is my dilemma: 0 lies in the interval, and I know that...
Homework Statement
Given critical points (3,-4) and (6,0); interval of increase (3, infinity); interval of decrease (-infinity, 3), find the local maxima/minima and sketch the graph.
Homework Equations
No relevant equations are given, I believe it's a simple sketch the graph.
The Attempt at...
Hello,
I have two different discrepancies to this system:
a) How and when is possible to have more solution of differential eq. or their system for same initial problem? For example this is happening in following system. It is written about this system:
"Different value of constant \dot{M}=4\pi...
What is the degrees of freedom at the critical point of a 1 component system such as water. in my test I put zero because the critical point is a POINT that is fixed per substance.
is there any books that can back me up?
I heard that my teacher said there was 1 degree of freedom which I am...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_point_%28thermodynamics%29 Look here please.
Why is the first and 2nd order derivatives of pressure with regards to volume equal zero at the critical point for an isotherm phase curve? Why/how is it possible to expand a fluid at its critical point...
Homework Statement
The function f(x,y) = [e^(-y^2)]cos(4x) has a critical point (0,0)
Homework Equations
Find the D value at the critical point. What type of critical point is it? (max, min, saddle or none)
The Attempt at a Solution
I know that to find the D value I must compute...
In a problem in Callen's book I was asked to say what was the latent heat of fusion at the triple point for ammonia. I answered "without performing any algebra, 0J". Because I remember a video I saw on youtube about the triple point () and now I read on wikipedia
which seem to confirm that...
Homework Statement
Edit: Not absolute, just extrema
I've already found the critical point to be (-1/2, -1/4, 1/2) with a value of -1/2. My only problem is finding whether this is a max or min. What technique do I use to find out? I don't believe I can use the 2nd derivative test because all...
Starting from a gas state and reaching the liquid state by getting around the critical point in a p-T phase diagram, what happens (qualitatively) to the molecules (or atoms)? Does a fraction of them start to form bonds?
This concept of "indistinguishable" liquid and gas is new to me.
Let $E\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ and $f: E\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function. Prove that if $a$ is a local maximum point for $f$, then either $f$ is differentiable at $x = a$ and $Df(a) = 0$ or $f$ is not differentiable at $x = a$. Deduce that if $f$ is differentiable on $E^o$, then a...
Are these assertions true?
I am referring to polynomials with real coefficients.
1. There exists of polynomial of any even degree such that it has no real roots.
2. Polynomials of odd degree have atleast one real root
which implies that polynomial of even degree has atleast one critical...
Hello there,
Sorry, if there's a thread about this already.
Let's say if i have Piston which is fully insulated because as mentioned, it is an adiabatic compression. The pressure will increase as the volume of decrease. But what really happened when the system is compressed over the...
I admit I am a bit out of practice when it comes to DiffEq. I think I am either forgetting a simple step or getting my methods mixed up.
Homework Statement
The problem concerns a pendulum defined by
d2θ/dt2 + (c/mL)(dθ/dt) + (g/L)sinθ = 0
where m=1, L=1, c=0.5, and of course g=9.8
After...
The Coopersmith inequolity:
T=T_c, H\rightarrow 0^+
I'm confused by few things. What means H\rightarrow 0^+? And what difference will be if H\rightarrow 0^-? And what means T=T_c if we can't measure T_c in experiments?
Then there is relation M \sim H^{\frac{1}{\delta}}
That means if I...
Hello,
Please help me solve this problem and help me find if I made a mistake? If you will,
Thank you
$f(x,y) = 2cos(2x) + sin(x^{2}-y^{2})$
Find all the first and second order derivatives, hence show the origin is a critical point and find which type of critical point
First time attempting...
Homework Statement
find the critical point of,
x^(2)+y^(2)+2x^(-1)y^(-1)
Homework Equations
none
The Attempt at a Solution
Ok so first we differentiate the function such that fx = 0 and fy=0
doing this yields,
fx = 2x-2x^(-2)y^(-1)
fy = 2y-2x^(-1)y^(-2)
both set to...
Homework Statement
Find any critical point of the following function.
f(t)= 3 — lt-3l, [-1,5]
The answer says it has a critical point where t=3.
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
f(t)=3 — lt-3l
f(t)=3-t+3, t≥3 f'(t)= -1
f(t)=3-(-t+3), t<3 f'(t) = 1...
Homework Statement
Multiple Choice If f is a continuous, decreasing function on
[0, 10] with a critical point at (4, 2), which of the following statements
must be false? E
(A) f (10) is an absolute minimum of f on [0, 10].
(B) f (4) is neither a relative maximum nor a relative minimum...
Finding the critical point and its nature. With solid attempt!
Homework Statement
Find all critical points of the function
f(x, y) = xy2 - 2xy - 2x2 - 3x +7
and determine their nature.
Homework Equations
none
The Attempt at a Solution
I know that to find the critical points you must...
1. Find Critical Point and Prove it
2. dP/dV =0
3. n/a
Hey guys, so our professor was talking about critical points in class. He mentioned on our exam we would have to find a critical point and prove it.
Anyhow none of our homework problems ask this, and very little info in...
Homework Statement
The critical point is defined as :
At the critical point there is no change of state when pressure is increased or if heat is added. At the critical point the water and steam can't be distinguished, and there is no point referring to water or steam.
Homework...
Please teach me this:
Why specific heat near critical point equals differentiate twice Gibbs free energy with respect to temperature, but not differentiate once with respect to temperature as usually doing.
Thank you very much in advance.
Look at a simple single - component system. And PT diagram for this system. Suppose that supstance we looking at has three phases solid, liquid and gas. In that case we have critical point between liquid and gas phase, but not between solid and liquid phase. Why? Why solid - liquid coexistence...
Homework Statement
A rigid tank contains 1 kg of saturated liquid and saturated vapor mixture at 400
kPa. What quality (x1) do you need if you want the P-v diagram to pass through
the critical point? Use steam tables to answer this question.
Homework Equations
x = quality =...
Consider the following system (where B is a real number, B is not equal to 0),
x1' = -2x1 + (B+2)x2
x2' = Bx2
Depending on the value of B, the critical point at (0,0) can be of different type and/or stability. Describe the possible type/stability of the critical point for the different...
Homework Statement
This is from Henle's Combinatorial Introduction to Topology, section 9 question 2d).
Here's the phase portrait: http://img69.imageshack.us/img69/70/phasepor.jpg
Find the index of the point in the center of that picture.The Attempt at a Solution
I used the fact that index =...
Homework Statement
dx/dt = x - y + (x^2) - xy
dy/dt = -y + (x^2)
- Determine the critical points for the equation,
- Determine the linearized system for each critical point and discuss whether it can be used
to approximate the behaviour of the non-linear system. What is the type and...
Homework Statement
Classify the critical points subject to the constraints:
0<=x, y<=Pi
Homework Equations
fx=sin(y)sin(2x+y)
fy=sin(x)sin(2y+x)
The Attempt at a Solution
Clearly one set of critical points will be (n*Pi,m*Pi) where m <=1 and n and m are all positive and...
Homework Statement
For example with f(x,y) = x2y + xy2
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
Well I know there is a critical point at (0,0). So I calculated the second derivatives but they are all 0 here so that doesn't help.
I also tried using the Taylor expansion to...
Homework Statement
Each of the functions f have a critical point at (0,0), however at this point the second derivatives are all zero. Determine te type of critical point at (0,0) in this case
1) f(x,y)=x2y+xy2
2)f(x,y) = x4+2*x3y+x2y2+y4
The Attempt at a Solution
For...
Homework Statement
If my answers to the questions in the attachments could be checked that would be great. All work is done, and the questions in the pictures are fairly quick and simple. I want to be sure I got them correct.
Thank you!
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
Homework Statement
This is the autonomous differential equation: x" - 2x' + 37x = 0
Solve the above DEQ and state whether the critical point (0,0) is stable, unstable, or semi-stable.
Homework Equations
Solution to the above DEQ is x = c1excos6x + c2exsin6x
The Attempt at a...
Homework Statement
Show that the origin (0,0) is a critical point. Write the linear differential equation in operator format and solve.
Homework Equations
x'' + 10x' + 25x = 0
The Attempt at a Solution
I am not sure how to show that the origin is a critical point (without using...
Homework Statement
I am to estimate the critical temperature and critical pressure (where vapor and liquid merge) of a fluid. I am given that rho (the density), L (latent heat of vaporization), t_b (boiling temperature at 1atm) and P = 1atm (pressure) to be known.Homework Equations
dG = -S dt...