I'm studying Ergodic Theory and I think I "got" the concept, but I need an example to verify it...
Let's take the simplest possible 2D classical harmonic oscillator whose kinetic energy is $$T=\frac{\dot x^2}{2}+\frac{\dot y^2}{2}$$ and potential energy is $$U=\frac{ x^2}{2}+\frac{y^2}{2}$$...
Hello everybody, new here. Sorry in advance if I didn't follow a specific guideline to ask this.
Anyways, I've got as a homework assignment two cannonical transformations (q,p)-->(Q,P). I have to obtain the hamiltonian of a harmonic oscillator, and then the new coordinates and the hamiltonian...
I know four different forms in which an SHM can be represented after solving the differential and taking the superposition
acos(wt+Ø)
asin(wt+Ø)
acos(wt-Ø)
asin(wt-Ø)
where a- amplitude
In the above image they took B as negative in order to arrive at acos(wt+e). If i already knew i wanted...
##\newcommand{\ket}[1]{|#1\rangle}##
##\newcommand{\bra}[1]{\langle#1|}##
I have a momentum-shifting operator ##e^{i\Delta p x/\hbar}## acting on the ground state ##\ket{0}## of the QHO, and I want to compute the overlap of this state with the n##^{th}## excited QHO state ##\ket{n}##. Given...
As far as I know we can express the position and momentum operators in terms of ladder operators in the following way
$${\begin{aligned}{ {x}}&={\sqrt {{\frac {\hbar }{2}}{\frac {1}{m\omega }}}}(a^{\dagger }+a)\\{{p}}&=i{\sqrt {{\frac {\hbar }{2}}m\omega }}(a^{\dagger }-a)~.\end{aligned}}.$$...
The wavefunction is Ψ(x,t) ----> Ψ(λx,t)
What are the effects on <T> (av Kinetic energy) and V (potential energy) in terms of λ?
From ## \frac {h^2}{2m} \frac {\partial^2\psi(x,t)}{\partial x^2} + V(x,t)\psi(x,t)=E\psi(x,t) ##
if we replace x by ## \lambda x ## then it becomes ## \frac...
Hey, I solved a problem about a double pendulum and got 2 euler-lagrange equations:
1) x''+y''+g/r*x=0
2) x''+y'' +g/r*y=0 (where x is actually a tetha and y=phi)
the '' stand for the 2nd derivation after t, so you can see the basic harmonic oscillator equation with a term x'' or y'' that...
I know that due to causality g(t-t')=0 for t<t' and I also know that for t>t', we should get
g(t-t')=\frac{sin(\omega_0(t-t'))}{\omega_0}
But I can't seem to get that to work out.
Using the Cauchy integral formula above, I take one pole at -w_0 and get
\frac{ie^{i\omega_0(t-t')}}{2\omega_0}
and...
I tried by taking the derivative of the potential to find the critic points and the I took the second derivative to find which of those points are minimum points. I found that the point is ##x=- a##. I don't understand how to calculate the period, since I haven't seen anything about the harmonic...
Homework Statement
Using the Schrödinger equation find the parameter \alpha of the Harmonic Oscillator solution \Psi(x)=A x e^{-\alpha x^2}
Homework Equations
-\frac{\hbar^2}{2m}\,\frac{\partial^2 \Psi(x)}{\partial x^2} + \frac{m \omega^2 x^2}{2}\Psi(x)=E\Psi(x)
E=\hbar\omega(n+\frac{1}{2})...
Hello everyone,
For weeks I have been struggling with this quantum mechanics homework involving writing a code to determine the energy spectrum and eigenvalues for the stationary Schrodinger equation for the harmonic oscillator. I can't find any resources anywhere. If anyone could help me get...
1. The problem statement
I want to write the angular momentum operator ##L## for a 2-dimensional harmonic oscillator, in terms of its ladder operators, ##a_x##, ##a_y##, ##a_x^\dagger## & ##a_y^\dagger##, and then prove that this commutes with its Hamiltonian.
The Attempt at a Solution
I get...
I have trouble with finding the eigenstates of a spherical pendulum (length $l$, mass $m$) under the small angle approximation. My intuition is that the final result should be some sort of combinations of a harmonic oscillator in $\theta$ and a free particle in $\phi$, but it's not obvious to...
Homework Statement
[/B]
A particle of mass 'm' is initially in a ground state of 1- D Harmonic oscillator potential V(x) = (1/2) kx2 . If the spring constant of the oscillator is suddenly doubled, then the probability of finding the particle in ground state of new potential will be?
(A)...
Hello,
in every book and on every website (e.g. here http://farside.ph.utexas.edu/teaching/315/Waves/node13.html) i found for driven harmonic osciallation the same solution for phase angle:θ=atan(ωb/(k−mω^2)) where ω is driven freq., m is mass, k is spring constant. I agree with it =it follows...
Homework Statement
Does the n = 2 state of a quantum harmonic oscillator violate the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle?
Homework Equations
$$\sigma_x\sigma_p = \frac{\hbar}{2}$$
The Attempt at a Solution
[/B]
I worked out the solution for the second state of the harmonic oscillator...
Making use of the partition function, it is straight forward to show that the entropy of a single quantum harmonic oscillator is:
$$\sigma_{1} = \frac{\hbar\omega/\tau}{\exp(\hbar\omega/\tau) - 1} - \log[1 - \exp(-\hbar\omega/\tau)]$$
However, if we look at the partition function for a single...
I am confused about the difference between the two
In Griffith's 2.3 The Harmonic Oscillator, he superimposes the quantum distribution and classical distribution and says
What I understand for quantum case is that ##|\Psi_{100} (x)|^2## gives the probability we will measure the particle...
Homework Statement
I am considering the Klein Gordon Equation in a box with Dirichlet conditions (i.e., ##\hat{\phi}(x,t)|_{boundary} = 0 ##). 1-D functions that obey the Dirichlet condition on interval ##[0,L]## are of the form below (using the discrete Fourier sine transform)
$$f(x) =...
Homework Statement
Consider an inertial laboratory frame S with coordinates (##\lambda##; ##x##). The Lagrangian for the
relativistic harmonic oscillator in that frame is given by
##L =-mc\sqrt{\dot x^{\mu} \dot x_{\mu}} -\frac {1}{2} k(\Delta x)^2 \frac{\dot x^{0}}{c}## where ##x^0...
Suppose I have a 1-D harmonic oscilator with angular velocity ##\omega## and eigenstates ##|j>## and let the state at ##t=0## be given by ##|\Psi(0)>##. We write ##\Psi(t) = \hat{U}(t)\Psi(0)##. Write ##\hat{U}(t)## as sum over energy eigenstates.
I've previously shown that ##\hat{H} = \sum_j...
$$m_1 \ddot{x} - m_1 g + \frac{k(d-l)}{d}x=0$$
$$m_2 \ddot{y} - m_2 \omega^2 y + \frac{k(d-l)}{d}y=0$$
It is two masses connected by a spring. ##d=\sqrt{x^2 + y^2}## and ##l## is the length of the relaxed spring (a constant).
What is the strategy to solve such a system? I tried substituting...
Hi all,
at the moment I am doing my Master Thesis and have the following problem.
I am trying to measure Data and asign it a proper timestamp. My problem is, that the data is coming in bursts and the timestamps I assign with the software are wrong.
The controller I am using for monitoring the...
This is from *Statistical Physics An Introductory Course* by *Daniel J.Amit*
The text is calculating the energy of internal motions of a diatomic molecule.
The internal energies of a diatomic molecule, i.e. the vibrational energy and the rotational energy is given by...
Hi everyone, I have a great doubt in this problem:
Let a mass m with spin 1/2, subject to the following central potencial V(r):
V(r)=1/2mω2r2
Find the constants of motion and the CSCO to solve the Hamiltonian?
This is my doubt, I can't find the CSCO in this potencial. Is a problem in general...
Homework Statement
Find the first-order corrections to energy and the wavefunction, for a 1D harmonic oscillator which is linearly perturbed by ##H'=ax##.
Homework Equations
First-order correction to the energy is given by, ##E^{(1)}=\langle n|H'|n\rangle##, while first-order correction to the...
Homework Statement
I have ##H'=ax^3+bx^4##, and wish to find the general perturbed wave-functions.
Homework Equations
First-order correction to the wave-function is given by, $$\psi_n^{(1)}=\Sigma_{m\neq n}\frac{\langle\psi_m^{(0)}|H'|\psi_n^{(0)}\rangle}{n-m}|\psi_m^{(0)}\rangle.$$
The...