What is Hyperbolic: Definition and 344 Discussions

In mathematics, hyperbolic functions are analogues of the ordinary trigonometric functions, but defined using the hyperbola rather than the circle. Just as the points (cos t, sin t) form a circle with a unit radius, the points (cosh t, sinh t) form the right half of the unit hyperbola. Also, just as the derivatives of sin(t) and cos(t) are cos(t) and –sin(t), the derivatives of sinh(t) and cosh(t) are cosh(t) and +sinh(t).
Hyperbolic functions occur in the calculations of angles and distances in hyperbolic geometry. They also occur in the solutions of many linear differential equations (such as the equation defining a catenary), cubic equations, and Laplace's equation in Cartesian coordinates. Laplace's equations are important in many areas of physics, including electromagnetic theory, heat transfer, fluid dynamics, and special relativity.
The basic hyperbolic functions are:
hyperbolic sine "sinh" (),
hyperbolic cosine "cosh" (),from which are derived:
hyperbolic tangent "tanh" (),
hyperbolic cosecant "csch" or "cosech" ()
hyperbolic secant "sech" (),
hyperbolic cotangent "coth" (),corresponding to the derived trigonometric functions.
The inverse hyperbolic functions are:
area hyperbolic sine "arsinh" (also denoted "sinh−1", "asinh" or sometimes "arcsinh")
area hyperbolic cosine "arcosh" (also denoted "cosh−1", "acosh" or sometimes "arccosh")
and so on.
The hyperbolic functions take a real argument called a hyperbolic angle. The size of a hyperbolic angle is twice the area of its hyperbolic sector. The hyperbolic functions may be defined in terms of the legs of a right triangle covering this sector.
In complex analysis, the hyperbolic functions arise as the imaginary parts of sine and cosine. The hyperbolic sine and the hyperbolic cosine are entire functions. As a result, the other hyperbolic functions are meromorphic in the whole complex plane.
By Lindemann–Weierstrass theorem, the hyperbolic functions have a transcendental value for every non-zero algebraic value of the argument.Hyperbolic functions were introduced in the 1760s independently by Vincenzo Riccati and Johann Heinrich Lambert. Riccati used Sc. and Cc. (sinus/cosinus circulare) to refer to circular functions and Sh. and Ch. (sinus/cosinus hyperbolico) to refer to hyperbolic functions. Lambert adopted the names, but altered the abbreviations to those used today. The abbreviations sh, ch, th, cth are also currently used, depending on personal preference.

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  1. H

    A Numerically solving a transport equation

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  2. chwala

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    My take; ##2\cosh x = e^x +e^{-x}## I noted that i could multiply both sides by ##e^x## i.e ##e^x⋅2\cosh x = e^x(e^x +e^{-x})## ##e^x⋅2\cosh x = e^{2x}+1## thus, ##\dfrac{e^x}{1+e^{2x}}=\dfrac{\cosh x + \sinh x}{e^x⋅2\cosh x}## ##= \dfrac{\cosh x +...
  3. chwala

    Prove the hyperbolic function corresponding to the given trigonometric function

    ##8 \sin^4u = 3-4\cos 2u+\cos 4u## ##8 \sinh^4u = 3-4(1+2\sinh^2 u)+ \cosh ( 2u+2u)## ##8 \sin^4u = 3-4-8\sinh^2 u+ \cosh 2u \cosh 2u + \sinh 2u \sinh 2u## ##8 \sinh^4u = 3-4+1-8\sinh^2 u+ 4\sinh^2u +4\sinh^4 u + 4\sinh^2 u + 4\sinh^4 u## ##8 \sinh^4u = -8\sinh^2 u+ 8\sinh^2u +8\sinh^4 u##...
  4. chwala

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    This is a textbook question and i have no solution. My attempt: We know that ##\cosh x = \dfrac{e^x + e^{-x}}{2}## and ##\cosh u = \dfrac{{x^2 + 1}}{2x}## it therefore follows that; ##e^{2u} = x^2## ##⇒u = \dfrac {2\ln...
  5. chwala

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  6. M

    MHB How to prove that the Euler-Bernoulli equation is hyperbolic

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  7. M

    I Is a horseshoe orbit a hyperbolic orbit?

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  8. Samama Fahim

    I Deriving Lorentz Transformations: Hyperbolic Functions

    While deriving Lorentz transformation equations, my professor assumes the following: As ##\beta \rightarrow 1,## $$-c^2t^2 + x^2 = k$$ approaches 0. That is, ##-c^2t^2 + x^2 = 0.## But the equation of the hyperbola is preserved in all inertial frames of reference. Why would ##-c^2t^2 + x^2##...
  9. masaakim

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  10. A

    Calculus Textbook for Integration using Hyperbolic substitution

    Can someone please tell me the book that contain integration using hyperbolic substitution for beginner? I know that hyperbolic functions is taught in Calculus book but most of them is only some identities and inverses of hyperbolic functions.
  11. A

    I Integration Using Hyperbolic Substitution

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  12. ergospherical

    I Does the Topology of AdS4 Affect Global Hyperbolicity?

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  13. MountEvariste

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  14. S

    MHB Fourier Series involving Hyperbolic Functions

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  15. Nick tringali

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  16. JD_PM

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  17. docnet

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  18. V

    I Exploring the Nature of Capacitor Voltage: Is it a Hyperbolic Curve?

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  19. Leo Liu

    I How did mathematicians discover the expressions of hyperbolic functions?

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  20. qbar

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  21. nomadreid

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  22. WMDhamnekar

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  23. Adwit

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  24. penroseandpaper

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  25. Y

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  26. H

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  27. T

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  28. dRic2

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  29. universal2013

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  30. C

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  31. D

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  32. stevendaryl

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  33. S

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  34. P

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  35. Wrichik Basu

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  36. tony873004

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  37. DaveC426913

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  38. W

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  39. S

    I Help with simplifying series of hyperbolic integrals

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  40. Clara Chung

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  41. R

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  42. V

    I Hyperbolic space simulation in VR

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  43. Const@ntine

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  44. S

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  45. T

    B Problem solving with hyperbolic functions

  46. J

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  47. T

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  48. S

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  49. Vitani11

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  50. D

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