What is Coordinate chart: Definition and 17 Discussions
In topology, a branch of mathematics, a topological manifold is a topological space which locally resembles real n-dimensional Euclidean space. Topological manifolds are an important class of topological spaces, with applications throughout mathematics. All manifolds are topological manifolds by definition. Other types of manifolds are formed by adding structure to a topological manifold (e.g. differentiable manifolds are topological manifolds equipped with a differential structure). Every manifold has an "underlying" topological manifold, obtained by simply "forgetting" the added structure.
Hi,
I would like to ask for a clarification about the terms time dilation vs differential aging vs gravitational redshit.
As far as I can tell, time dilation is nothing but the rate of change of an object's proper time ##\tau## w.r.t. the coordinate time ##t## of a given coordinate chart (aka...
Hi,
consider the set of the following parametrized matrices
$$
\begin{bmatrix}
1+a & b \\
c & \frac {1 + bc} {1 + a} \\
\end{bmatrix}
$$
They are member of the group ##SL(2,\mathbb R)## (indeed their determinant is 1). The group itself is homemorphic to a quadric in ##\mathbb R^4##.
I believe...
As explained here in Kruskal coordinates the line element for Schwarzschild spacetime is:
$$ds^2 = \frac{32 M^3}{r} \left( – dT^2 + dX^2 \right) + r^2 \left( d\theta^2 + \sin^2 \theta d\phi^2 \right)$$
My simple question is: why in the above line element are involved 5 coordinates and not just...
Hi, on Wald's book on GR there is a claim at pag. 43 about the construction of synchronous reference frame (i.e. Gaussian coordinate chart) in a finite region of any spacetime. In particular he says: $$n^b\nabla_b (n_aX^a)=n_aX^b\nabla_b \, n^a$$Then he claims from Leibnitz rule the above equals...
Summary
Almost a year ago, I created a post titled “Understanding the phrase 'simultaneity convention'”. The answers included requirements for defining a simultaneity convention. But some simultaneity conventions, while meeting all the requirements, still appear problematic. What am I missing...
Hi,
reading this old thread Second postulate of SR quiz question I'd like to ask for a clarification on the following:
Here the Einstein definition of simultaneity to a given event on the Langevin observer's worldline locally means take the events on the 3D spacelike orthogonal complement to...
Hi,
a clarification about the following: consider a smooth curve ##γ:\mathbb R→\mathbb R^2##. It is a injective smooth map from ##\mathbb R## to ##\mathbb R^2##. The image of ##\gamma## (call it ##\Gamma##) is itself a smooth manifold with dimension 1 and a regular/embedded submanifold of...
Hi,
I was reading this insight schwarzschild-geometry-part-1 about the transformation employed to rescale the Schwarzschild coordinate time ##t## to reflect the proper time ##T## of radially infalling objects (Gullstrand-Painleve coordinate time ##T##).
As far as I understand it, the vector...
Hi,
starting from this post Basic introduction to gravitation as curved spacetime I would ask for a clarification about Rindler coordinates.
From this wiki entry Rindler coordinates I understand that the following transformation (to take it simple drop ##y,z##)
$$T = x\sinh{(\alpha t)} ...
Hi,
I know there is actually no way to set up a global coordinate chart on a 2-sphere (i.e. we cannot find a family of 2-parameter curves on a 2-sphere such that two nearby points on it have nearby coordinate values on ##\mathbb R^2## and the mapping is one-to-one).
So, from a formal...
Hi,
starting from this thread Principle of relativity for proper accelerating frame of reference I'm convincing myself of some misunderstanding about what a global inertial frame should actually be.
In GR we take as definition of inertial frame (aka inertial coordinate system or inertial...
Hi,
starting from this old thread GPS clock synchronization I've a doubt about the physical process employed to synchronize clocks bolted on GPS system satellites.
We said that clock synchronization is frame dependent. In other words we must select a coordinate chart (aka reference frame) that...
Hello,
here on PF I've seen many threads about the concepts of 'reference frame' and 'coordinate system'.
In the context of SR my 'envision' about the concept of 'frame of reference' is basically the 'rods & clocks latticework' as introduced in the book Spacetime physics (Taylor, Wheeler)...
I am learning the basics of differential geometry and I came across tangent vectors. Let's say we have a manifold M and we consider a point p in M. A tangent vector ##X## at p is an element of ##T_pM## and if ##\frac{\partial}{\partial x^ \mu}## is a basis of ##T_pM##, then we can write $$X =...
In Nakahara's book, "Geometry, Topology and Physics" he states that it is, by construction, clear from the definition of a vector as a differential operator [itex] X[\itex] acting on some function [itex]f:M\rightarrow\mathbb{R}[\itex] at a point [itex]p\in M[\itex] (where [itex]M[\itex] is an...
Hi. I have been looking at the coordinate charts for the unit circle x^2 + y^2 = 1. In the notes I have the circle is split into 4 coordinate charts the first being -
##U_1## : x>0 , ##A_1## = y (PS without the symbols tab I have used A for the letter phi )
There are 3...
In defining a coordinate chart,
\left ( U,\phi \right ), U \in M, \phi : U \to \mathbb{R}^{n},
on a manifold M, what exactly is \mathbb{R}^{n}: the set of all n-tuples, a topological space, a metric space, a vector space, Euclidean space conceived of as an inner product space, Euclidean...