1. ### Good introductory book about Lie Group Theory?

Summary:: Good introductory book about Group Theory? Hi, I am looking for a good introductory book about Group Theory for physicists.
2. ### I Degrees of Freedom of SO(3)

The group ##\rm{O(3)}## is the group of orthogonal ##3 \times 3## matrices with nine elements and dimension three which is constrained by the condition, $$a_{ik}a_{kj} = \delta_{ij}$$ where ##a_{ik}## are elements of the matrix ##\rm{A} \in O(3)##. This condition gives six constraints (can be...

13. ### Clebsch-Gordan Decomposition for 6 x 3

Homework Statement [/B] I am trying to get the C-G Decomposition for 6 ⊗ 3. 2. Homework Equations Neglecting coefficients a tensor can be decomposed into a symmetric part and an antisymmetric part. For the 6 ⊗ 3 = (2,0) ⊗ (1,0) this is: Tij ⊗ Tk = Qijk = (Q{ij}k + Q{ji}k) + (Q[ij]k +...
14. ### A Fields transforming in the adjoint representation?

Hi! I'm doing my master thesis in AdS/CFT and I've read several times that "Fields transforms in the adjoint representation" or "Fields transforms in the fundamental representation". I've had courses in Advanced mathematics (where I studied Group theory) and QFTs, but I don't understand (or...
15. ### Show that ##G\simeq \mathbb{Z}/2p\mathbb{Z}##

Homework Statement Let ##G## be a group of order ##2p## with p a prime and odd number. a) We suppose ##G## as abelian. Show that ##G \simeq \mathbb{Z}/2p\mathbb{Z}## Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution Intuitively I see why but I would like some suggestion of what trajectory I could...
16. ### Commutator group in the center of a group

Homework Statement [G,G] is the commutator group. Let ##H\triangleleft G## such that ##H\cap [G,G]## = {e}. Show that ##H \subseteq Z(G)##. Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution In the previous problem I showed that ##G## is abelian iif ##[G,G] = {e}##. I also showed that...
17. ### An exercise with the third isomorphism theorem in group theory

Homework Statement Let ##G## be a group. Let ##H \triangleleft G## and ##K \leq G## such that ##H\subseteq K##. a) Show that ##K\triangleleft G## iff ##K/H \triangleleft G/H## b) Suppose that ##K/H \triangleleft G/H##. Show that ##(G/H)/(K/H) \simeq G/K## Homework Equations The three...
18. ### A Taxonomy of Theories in Theoretical Physics

It goes without saying that theoretical physics has over the years become overrun with countless distinct - yet sometimes curiously very similar - theories, in some cases even dozens of directly competing theories. Within the foundations things can get far worse once we start to run into...
19. ### Isomorphism of dihedral with a semi-direct product

Homework Statement Let m ≥ 3. Show that $$D_m \cong \mathbb{Z}_m \rtimes_{\varphi} \mathbb{Z}_2$$ where $$\varphi_{(1+2\mathbb{Z})}(1+m\mathbb{Z}) = (m-1+m\mathbb{Z})$$ Homework Equations I have seen most basic concepts of groups except group actions. Si ideally I should not use them for this...
20. ### Solid State Group theory paper suggestions for my classes

I teach group theory for physicists, and I like to teach it following some papers. In general my students work with condensed matter, so I discuss group theory following these papers:  Group Theory and Normal Modes, American Journal of Physics 36, 529 (1968)  Nonsymmorphic Symmetries and...
21. ### Show injectivity, surjectivity and kernel of groups

Homework Statement I am translating so bear with me. We have two group homomorphisms: α : G → G' β : G' → G Let β(α(x)) = x ∀x ∈ G Show that 1)β is a surjection 2)α an injection 3) ker(β) = ker(α ο β) (Here ο is the composition of functions.) Homework Equations This is from a...
22. ### I How to properly understand finite group theory

I do have a fair amount of visual/geometric understanding of groups, but when I start solving problems I always wind up relying on my algebraic intuition, i.e. experience with forms of symbolic expression that arise from theorems, definitions, and brute symbolic manipulation. I even came up with...
23. ### I Images of elements in a group homomorphism

Why does the image of elements in a homomorphism depend on the image of 1? Why not the other generators?
24. ### I Adjoint Representation Confusion

I'm having a bit of an issue wrapping my head around the adjoint representation in group theory. I thought I understood the principle but I've got a practice problem which I can't even really begin to attempt. The question is this: My understanding of this question is that, given a...
25. ### ##\phi(R_{180})##, if ##\phi:D_n\to D_n## is an automorphism

Homework Statement Determine ##\phi(R_{180})##, if ##\phi:D_n\to D_n## is an automorphism where ##n## is even so let ##n=2k##. The solutions manual showed that since the center of ##D_n## is ##\{R_0, R_{180}\}## and ##R_{180}## is not the identity then it can only be that...
26. ### Group Theory: Finite Abelian Groups - An element of order

Homework Statement Decide all abelian groups of order 675. Find an element of order 45 in each one of the groups, if it exists. Homework Equations /propositions/definitions[/B] Fundamental Theorem of Finite Abelian Groups Lagrange's Theorem and its corollaries (not sure if helpful for this...
27. ### Transforming one matrix base to another

Homework Statement The SO(3) representation can be represented as ##3\times 3## matrices with the following form: J_1=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\left(\matrix{0&1&0\\1&0&1\\ 0&1&0}\right) \ \ ; \ \ J_2=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\left(\matrix{0&-i&0\\i&0&-i\\ 0&i&0}\right) \ \ ; \ \...
28. ### I About Arnold's ODE Book Notation

In Arnold's book, ordinary differential equations 3rd. WHY Arnold say Tg:M→M instead of Tg:G→S(M) for transformations Tfg=Tf Tg, Tg^-1=(Tg)^-1. Let M be a group and M a set. We say that an action of the group G on the set M is defined if to each element g of G there corresponds a...
29. ### I Tensor representation of the Lorentz Group

I've been trying to understand representations of the Lorentz group. So as far as I understand, when an object is in an (m,n) representation, then it has two indices (let's say the object is ##\phi^{ij}##), where one index ##i## transforms as ##\exp(i(\theta_k-i\beta_k)A_k)## and the other index...
30. ### Left invariant vector field under a gauge transformation

Homework Statement For a left invariant vector field γ(t) = exp(tv). For a gauge transformation t -> t(xμ). Intuitively, what happens to the LIVF in the latter case? Is it just displaced to a different point in spacetime or something else? Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution