Jet fuel or aviation turbine fuel (ATF, also abbreviated avtur) is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines. It is colorless to straw-colored in appearance. The most commonly used fuels for commercial aviation are Jet A and Jet A-1, which are produced to a standardized international specification. The only other jet fuel commonly used in civilian turbine-engine powered aviation is Jet B, which is used for its enhanced cold-weather performance.
Jet fuel is a mixture of a variety of hydrocarbons. Because the exact composition of jet fuel varies widely based on petroleum source, it is impossible to define jet fuel as a ratio of specific hydrocarbons. Jet fuel is therefore defined as a performance specification rather than a chemical compound. Furthermore, the range of molecular mass between hydrocarbons (or different carbon numbers) is defined by the requirements for the product, such as the freezing point or smoke point. Kerosene-type jet fuel (including Jet A and Jet A-1, JP-5, and JP-8) has a carbon number distribution between about 8 and 16 (carbon atoms per molecule); wide-cut or naphtha-type jet fuel (including Jet B and JP-4), between about 5 and 15.
Assume the jet is straight but the radius of the jet varies over it's length (like a jet of water falling which narrows due to gravitational acceleration). Also ignore viscosity. A pressure gradient would be required to accelerate the fluid radially. Because during an expansion transformation...
As we know, POWER is what accelerate a car, FORCE itself doesn't accelerate a car, if FORCE cousing movement it change into work, and work over time = POWER.
The FORCE from jet engine pushes a plane forward. But as we know (or I'am wrong) FORCE don't push enything, only POWER couses...
I was looking at videos on how a warp drive theoretically could work: by compressing space in front and expanding space in the back. This reminded me of a jet engine compressing air and blasting it out of a nozzle.
My question is, could you build a sort of warp jet that would compress space...
I wanted to ask. Since jets fly at great speed, often even supersonic, I'm curious about next things:
1) What is the relation between air resistance force and energy?
2) How does all that force resistance affect a pilot?
3) What protection do they have, if any?
4) And purely speculative...
Here's a really complex & difficult question...
Satellites orbit Earth in the upper thermosphere. Could a jet engine (not a rocket) produce enough thrust to move a small craft? The reason I'm asking is because it most certainly would produce "some" thrust in low orbit. The atmosphere extends...
i want to calculate the force of a water jet
i know the velocity,13,6m/s
mass or volume/s=52,6kg or dm3/s
the pipe has an area of 2,3dm
and the gained area by flying out the pipe is 3,4dm
i want to know the force it creates by hitting for example a way, how do i calculate that
Consider a case- Force excerted on a stationary flat plate held normal to the jet.
The Jet strikes on plate (see fig.) Which is smooth hence the exit velococity of jet = entering velocity of jet.
According to theory. The fore is applied on plate due to change in momentum of jet.
But my doubt...