Read about taylor expansion | 33 Discussions | Page 1

  1. troglodyte

    I Struggling with one step to show quantum operator equality

    Hello guys, I struggle with one step in a calculation to show a quantum operator equality .It would be nice to get some help from you.The problematic step is red marked.I make a photo of my whiteboard activities.The main problem is the step where two infinite sums pops although I work...
  2. Jason Bennett

    (Physicist version of) Taylor expansions

    3) Taylor expansion question in the context of Lie algebra elements: Consider some n-dimensional Lie group whose elements depend on a set of parameters \alpha =(\alpha_1 ... \alpha_n) such that g(0) = e with e as the identity, and that had a d-dimensional representation D(\alpha)=D(g( \alpha)...
  3. E

    Find the Maximum of a Multi-variable Taylor Series

    Firstly, the matrix notation of the series is, \begin{align*} f\left(x, y, z\right) &= f\left(a, b, c\right) + \left(\mathbf{x} - \mathbf{a}\right)^T \frac{\partial f\left(a, b, c\right)}{\partial \mathbf{x}} + \frac{1}{2}\left(\mathbf{x} - \mathbf{a}\right)^T \frac{\partial^2 f\left(a, b...
  4. silverfury

    Can someone help me with this Taylor series expansion?

    I tried diffrentiating upto certain higher orders but didn’t find any way.. is there a trick or a transformation involved to make this task less hectic? Pls help
  5. J

    How can I expand this expression in powers of 1/c²?

    As I said before, I really have no idea on how to proceed.
  6. CricK0es

    Derivative of a term within a sum

    Homework Statement [/B] From the Rodrigues’ formulae, I want to derive nature of the spherical Bessel and Neumann functions at small values of p. Homework Equations [/B] I'm going to post an image of the Bessel function where we're using a Taylor expansion, which I'm happy with and is as far...
  7. K

    I Mathematical series in physics - Why and when do we need them?

    Hi, Before I post my question, let me admit that my foundation on mathematics is poor. I am trying to work on it, specifically on the application part. When I came through the following image, I was stuck to understand why I will need one like Taylor's series in a simple case like "F+ΔF = F...
  8. K

    I Charge-Dipole Derivation - Assumption That x >> a

    In this derivation: https://cpb-us-e1.wpmucdn.com/sites.northwestern.edu/dist/8/1599/files/2017/06/taylor_series-14rhgdo.pdf they assume in equation (8) that x >> a in order to use the Taylor Expansion because a/x has difficult behavior. Why does that assumption work? Meaning, why can we...
  9. D

    Derivative of expanded function wrt expanded variable?

    Homework Statement If I have the following expansion f(r,t) \approx g(r) + \varepsilon \delta g(r,t) + O(\varepsilon^2) This means for other function U(f(r,t)) U(f(r,t)) = U( g(r) + \varepsilon \delta g(r,t)) \approx U(g) + \varepsilon \delta g \dfrac{dU}{dg} + O(\varepsilon^2) Then up to...
  10. C

    A Questions about the energy of a wave as a Taylor series

    I've read that, in general, the energy of a wave, as opposed to what's commonly taught, isn't strictly related to the square of the amplitude. It can be seen to be related to a Taylor series, where E = ao + a1 A + a2A2 .... Also, that the energy doesn't depend on phase, so only even terms will...
  11. R

    Taylor expansion of x/sin(ax)

    Hey everyone 1. Homework Statement I want to compute the Taylor expansion (the first four terms) of $$f(x) =x/sin(ax)$$ around $$x_0 = 0$$. I am working in the space of complex numbers here. Homework Equations function: $$f(x) = \frac{x}{\sin (ax)}$$ Taylor expansion: $$ f(x) = \sum...
  12. N

    Taylor series of x^x at x=1

    Homework Statement Find the Taylor expansion up to four order of x^x around x=1. Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution I first tried doing this by brute force (evaluating f(1), f'(1), f''(1), etc.), but this become too cumbersome after the first derivative. I then tried writing: $$x^x...
  13. Adgorn

    I Taylor expansion of f(x+a)

    I recently found out the rule regarding the Taylor expansion of a translated function: ##f(x+h)=f(x)+f′(x)⋅h+\frac 1 2 h^ 2 \cdot f′′(x)+⋯+\frac 1 {n!}h^n \cdot f^n(x)+...## But why exactly is this the case? The normal Taylor expansion tells us that ##f(x)=f(a)+f'(a)(x-a)+\frac 1...
  14. Ahmed Abdalla

    I Why do we use Taylor expansion expressing potential energy

    My textbook doesn’t go into it, can someone tell me why Taylor expansion is used to express spring potential energy? A lot of the questions I do I think I can just use F=-Kx and relate it to U(x) being F=-Gradiant U(x) but I see most answers using the Taylor expansion instead to get 1/2 kx^2...
  15. Tbonewillsone

    Recovering the delta function with sin⁡(nx)/x

    Homework Statement Ultimately, I would like a expression that is the result of an integral with the sin(nx)/x function, with extra terms from the expansion. This expression would then reconstruct the delta function behaviour as n goes to infty, with the extra terms decaying to zero. I...
  16. Tspirit

    An approximation in QM

    Homework Statement In the Griffiths book <Introduction to QM>, Section 2.3.2: Analytic method (for The harmonic oscillator), there is an equation (##\xi## is very large) $$h(\xi)\approx C\sum\frac{1}{(j/2)!}\xi^{j}\approx C\sum\frac{1}{(j)!}\xi^{2j}\approx Ce^{\xi^{2}}.$$ How to understand the...
  17. J

    I Taylor expansions and integration.

    I have a short doubt: Let f(x) be a fuction that can't be integrated in an analytical way . Is anything wrong if I expand it in a Taylor' series around a point and use this expansion to get the value of the definite integral of the function around that point? Suppose that the interval between...
  18. cg78ithaca

    A Taylor/Maclaurin series for piecewise defined function

    Consider the function: $$F(s) =\begin{cases} A \exp(-as) &\text{ if }0\le s\le s_c \text{ and}\\ B \exp(-bs) &\text{ if } s>s_c \end{cases}$$ The parameter s_c is chosen such that the function is continuous on [0,Inf). I'm trying to come up with a (unique, not piecewise) Maclaurin series...
  19. ATY

    A I need some help with the derivation of fourth order Runge Kutta

    Hey guys, I need your help regarding the derivation of the fourth runge kutta scheme. So, I found http://www.ss.ncu.edu.tw/~lyu/lecture_files_en/lyu_NSSP_Notes/Lyu_NSSP_AppendixC.pdf this derivation. Maybe you have a clue what tehy are doing in C.54. So before this they are calculating the...
  20. vishal.ng

    A Taylor series expansion of functional

    I'm studying QFT in the path integral formalism, and got stuck in deriving the Schwinger Dyson equation for a real free scalar field, L=½(∂φ)^2 - m^2 φ^2 in the equation, S[φ]=∫ d4x L[φ] ∫ Dφ e^{i S[φ]} φ(x1) φ(x2) = ∫ Dφ e^{i S[φ']} φ'(x1) φ'(x2) Particularly, it is in the Taylor series...
  21. C

    I Convergence of Taylor series in a point implies analyticity

    Suppose that the Taylor series of a function ##f: (a,b) \subset \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}## (with ##f \in C^{\infty}##), centered in a point ##x_0 \in (a,b)## converges to ##f(x)## ##\forall x \in (x_0-r, x_0+r)## with ##r >0##. That is $$f(x)=\sum_{n \geq 0} \frac{f^{(n)}(x_0)}{n!} (x-x_0)^n...
  22. Mr Davis 97

    First order term in the taylor expansion of ln(x) abut 1

    Homework Statement What's the first order term in the expansion ln(x) about x = 1? Homework Equations Taylor series formula The Attempt at a Solution The question is multiple choice, and the choices are x, 2x, or (1/2)x. However, when I calculate the first order term in the expansion of ln(x)...
  23. Amara

    Taylor expansion of the relativistic Doppler effect?

    [Note from mentor: this thread was originally posted in a non-homework forum, therefore it does not use the homework template.] I have been given an equation for the relativistic doppler effect but I'm struggling to see this as a function and then give a first order Taylor expansion. Any help...
  24. A

    I The a in Taylor series

    i watched a lot of videos and read a lot on how to choose it, but i what i can't find anywhere is, what's the physical significance of the a, if we were to draw the series, how will the choice of a affect it?
  25. R

    Taylor expansion

    Hello friends, I need to compute the taylor expansion of $$\frac{x^4 e^x}{(e^x-1)^2}, $$ for ##x<<1##, to find $$ x^2 + \frac{x^4}{12}.$$ Can someone explain this to me? Thanks!
  26. S

    How do I prove that both are equivalent limits

    Homework Statement If k is a positive integer, then show that ##\lim_{x\to\infty} (1+\frac{k}{x})^x = \lim_{x\to 0} (1+kx)^\frac{1}{x}## Homework Equations L'Hopitals rule, Taylor's expansion The Attempt at a Solution How should I begin? Should I prove that both has the same limit, or is...
  27. S

    Stationary point for convex difference measure

    Let \mathbb{S}^n be a simplex in \mathbb{R}^{n+1}, so \mathbb{S}^{n}=\{x\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}|\sum{}x_{i}=1\}. Let D be a difference measure on \mathbb{S}^{n} with D(x,x)=0 and x=y for D(x,y)=0. D is also smooth, so differentiable as much as we need. Let (R) be a convexity requirement for D...
  28. S

    Taylor expansion of the square of the distance function

    Does it make a sense to define the Taylor expansion of the square of the distance function? If so, how can one compute its coefficients? I simply thought that the square of the distance function is a scalar function, so I think that one can write $$ d^2(x,x_0)=d^2(x'+(x-x'),x_0)=d^2(x',x_0) +...
  29. S

    Riemannin generalization of the Taylor expansion

    I thought about the Taylor expansion on a Riemannian manifold and guess the Taylor expansion of ##f## around point ##x=x_0## on the Riemannian manifold ##(M,g)## should be something similar to: f(x) = f(x_0) +(x^\mu - x_0^\mu) \partial_\mu f(x)|_{x=x_0} + \frac{1}{2} (x^\mu - x_0^\mu) (x^\nu -...
  30. T

    Expanding a function in terms of a vector

    Homework Statement ## L (v^2 + 2 \pmb{v} \cdot \pmb{ \epsilon } ~ + \pmb{ \epsilon} ^2)##, where ## \pmb{\epsilon}## is infinitesimal and ##\pmb{v}## is a constant vector (## v^2 ## here means ## \pmb{v} \cdot \pmb{v} ## ), must be expanded in terms of powers of ## \pmb{\epsilon} ## to give...
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