Lyapunov is a Russian surname that is sometimes also romanized as Ljapunov, Liapunov or Ljapunow. Notable people with the surname include:
Prokopy Lyapunov (d. 1611), Russian statesman
Zakhary Lyapunov (d. after 1612), Russian statesman, Prokopy Lyapunov's brother
Mikhail Lyapunov (1820–1868), Russian astronomer
Aleksandr Lyapunov (1857–1918), son of Mikhail, Russian mathematician and mechanician, after whom the following are named:
Lyapunov dimension
Lyapunov equation
Lyapunov exponent
Lyapunov function
Lyapunov fractal
Lyapunov stability
Lyapunov's central limit theorem
Lyapunov time
Lyapunov vector
Lyapunov (crater)
Sergei Lyapunov (1859–1924), son of Mikhail, Russian composer
Boris Lyapunov (1862–1943), son of Mikhail, Russian expert in Slavic studies
Alexey Lyapunov (1911–1973), Russian mathematician
I am currently reading this paper where on page 8, the authors say that:
This correlates with Figure 8 on page 12.
Does it mean that there is a real correlation between eigenvalues and Lyapunov exponents?
I am trying to understand attracting, Liapunov stable, asymptotically stable for given coupled system. I don't have any Liapunov function. Just two coupled systems such as
##\dot{x} = y##, ##\dot{y} = -4x##
or sometimes normal systems
##\dot{x} = -x##, ##\dot{y} = -5y##
How can I approach...
Greetings!
Hey, can anyone help me? I need an explanation how can Lyapunov help me to check the system weather it is chaotic or not. Let say I have this equation Rossler System Eq.(1)
So how can you tell that the system have chaotic behavior or not? Does it depends on parameters? or from...
Hi,
I am a beginner and I don't speak very well... So I'm really sorry for my poor scientific language...
I work on 1-Dimension time series of a same system measured at different periods. In these periods, time series have different chaotic characteristics as their lyapunov exponent are...
May I use function f(x) = 1/(1+x) to investigate chaos?
I am trying to understand chaos using this function, but things are not going as I expected...
Could you please advice me how I can calculate Lyapunov coefficient for this function?
Hey guys,
I need your help. I am not sure if this is the right part of the forum to ask this question.
So I started reading papers about the Lyapunov Exponent, but there is something I do not understand in the formula. Why ? It seems logical that we want because we want to get the Exponent...
I work with an electromagnetic molecule trap, and I'd like to determine which orbits are chaotic. To this end, I intend to study the evolution of a perturbation on a trajectory with time.
I'd like to compute something called the fast lyapunov indicator for various trajectories y(t), where I...
Hi.
I'm trying to get the Lyapunov coeficient for a Lorenz System (namely, a laser, using the Lorenz-Haken model) but I'm not getting the plots that would be expected. This is how two trajectories with near identical initial conditions behave (only one of the variables):
And here's the...
Homework Statement
I am supposed to calculate Lyapunov exponent of a damped, driven harmonic oscillator given by ## \ddot{x} + 2\beta \dot{x} + \omega_0^2 x = fcos(\omega t)##
Lyapunov exponent is ## \lambda ## in the equation ## \delta x(t) = \delta x_0 e^{\lambda t} ##
The attempt at a...
Dear all,
Consider the connection of two electrical circuits. Both circuits, Z1 and Z2, are stable and only one of them is non-passive. I.e., the eigenvalues are located in the LHP but Re{Z2(jw)}<0 in a frequency range.
For studying the closed-loop stability, you represent the linear system by...
In computational physics is very often to calculate largest Lyapunov exponent. If largest Lyapunov exponent ##LE## is positive there is chaos in the system, if it is negative or zero there is no chaos in the system. But what can we say about some certain value of ##LE##. For example...
**Background:** I have been working on this problem for my research for months now, and I am in dire need of help. That is why I have come here to seek help.
I have a system of nine ODEs that describe the dynamics of HIV and Tuberculosis co-infection in a population. The disease-free...
Homework Statement
I can't seem to figure out how this next step of this derivation for equation 2.33 was produced. This is a graduate level textbook on Adaptive Backstepping.
For the function fc(x)= (6/x) + (x/2) -c, generate an estimate of the Lyapunov exponent for at least one c value chosen from each of the following intervals : (note 0 <= c <= 3)
a) the interval of stability of the fixed point
b) the interval of stability of the 2-cycle
c) the interval of...
Hello, question about the energy of a variable length pendulum.
Suppose you have a pendulum in the standard sense where θ is the angle, and we let the length r be a function of time r = r(t). What is the energy of the pendulum?
So far, I have determined that kinetic energy is =...
Homework Statement
Example:
x'=y-x^3
y'=-x-y^3
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
Linear system
x'=y
y'=-x
Is stable because Det(P-\lambdaE)=\lambda2+1
\lambda1,2=+-i
So if I am not mistaken,than Ishould use Lyapunov stability,because the linear system is stable and I can't say...
A question I am doing hints that the solution (y,\dot{y}) = (0,0) of \ddot{y} - \frac{2}{t}\dot{y} + y = 0 is unstable. I believe (although I am not 100% sure) that is true however I am struggling to prove it.
I can rewrite the equation as a system of equations in matrix form to get
\dot{x} =...
Homework Statement
How can I produce a Lyapunov function using the eigenvalues and vectors
x'=-x+y
y'=-x
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution So I got the matrix using jacobian and I got the matrix
-1 1
-1 0
then i found the eigenvalues to be λ_1= (-1+sqrt3...
The matrix \mathbf{B}satifies the following Lyapunov equation
\begin{gathered}\mathbf{A}^{T}\mathbf{B}\end{gathered}+\mathbf{BA}=-\mathbf{I}
prove that necessary and sufficient condition generating a symmetric and positive determined \mathbf{B}is that all of the eigen values of...
Show that the system has no closed orbits by finding a Lyapunov ...
Homework Statement
I'm at the point in the problem where I need constants a and b satisfying
ax2(y-x3) + by2(-x-y3) < 0
and ax2+bx2 > 0
for all (x,y)≠(0,0).
Homework Equations
Just in case you're wondering...
Homework Statement
I have not been doing Lyapunov for a while and when doing an ordinary Lyapunov problem the other day, I ran into a funny situation.
The correct way of doing it:
\begin{align}
\dot{e} &= \frac{1}{L}(u - R(e + x_{ref})) \\
V(e) &= \frac{1}{2}Le^2 \\
\dot{V} &= Le\dot{e} = Le...
Homework Statement
State the strongest stability property of the system (stable, asymptotically/exponentially):
\begin{align}
\dot{x_1} &= x_2 \\
\dot{x_2} &= -x_1 e^{x_1 x_2}
\end{align}
Homework Equations
With the Lyapunov function candidate:
\begin{equation}
V(x) = \frac{1}{2}(x_1^2...
URGENT: Lyapunov Equation for backward continuous-time Kalman Filter
Hi,
Consider a continuous Kalman filter running backward in time as desired in a "two-filter" smoother. What would be the form of Lyapunov equation for this backward-time filter?
Given a system: dx/dt = Fx + Gv, and...
Homework Statement
Examine the behavior in the neighborhood of the origin. Derive the given Lyapunov V(x,y). Show the region \frac{dV}{dt} = 0 and relate it to your analysis.
Homework Equations
\dot{x} = x^3 - xy
\dot{y} = -y + y^2 + xy - x^3
As given by the text:
V(x,y) = \frac{x^4}{4} +...
Hello,
Analyzing data from a chaotic pendulum, I calculated the Lyapunov exponent to be somewhere around 10^5 . While my gut tells me something is wrong with this number , i failed to find any information regarding the order of magnitude of Lyapunov exponents and their meaning.
Can someone...
Hi, the discussions in this forum have always been a great help to me as it seems there's always someone who's answered my question. However, this time I'm still puzzled.
People often talk about the sum of the Lyapunov exponents of a dynamical system (i.e. adding the exponents from each...
Homework Statement
http://courses.ncsu.edu/py411/lec/001/hw6.pdf
#1 part B specifically.
The Attempt at a Solution
For #1 part B I am confused. I have already done part A with MATLAB, and am having syntax issues with trying to compute the Lyapunov exponent(which is the last part of...
I had a thread earlier on the notation but it hasn't really helped me progress on the question.
I'm really confused on how to start this, am I expected to find Q myself? As in choose any random Q?
I need the Q to maximise rho, and so I think I need to find a Q where q1 is as large as possible...
Lyapunov Theory: Please Help!
Homework Statement
If the origin x=0 is globally asymptotically stable equilibrium point of the system then it must be the _________ equilibrium point of the system.
Homework Equations
None
The Attempt at a Solution
This is an objective/one word answer.
Hi Everybody,
I have just finished the control systems components of the engineering degree and found it very enjoyable. I'm now undertaking a holiday project to create a quad rotor aircraft. There is a surprising amount of information on these aircraft on the internet and while most of it is...