# What is Complex integral: Definition and 125 Discussions

In mathematics, a line integral is an integral where the function to be integrated is evaluated along a curve. The terms path integral, curve integral, and curvilinear integral are also used; contour integral is used as well, although that is typically reserved for line integrals in the complex plane.
The function to be integrated may be a scalar field or a vector field. The value of the line integral is the sum of values of the field at all points on the curve, weighted by some scalar function on the curve (commonly arc length or, for a vector field, the scalar product of the vector field with a differential vector in the curve). This weighting distinguishes the line integral from simpler integrals defined on intervals. Many simple formulae in physics, such as the definition of work as

W
=

F

s

{\displaystyle W=\mathbf {F} \cdot \mathbf {s} }
, have natural continuous analogues in terms of line integrals, in this case

W
=

L

F

(

s

)

d

s

{\displaystyle \textstyle W=\int _{L}\mathbf {F} (\mathbf {s} )\cdot d\mathbf {s} }
, which computes the work done on an object moving through an electric or gravitational field F along a path

L

{\displaystyle L}
.

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1. G

### Complex contour integral proof

I’ve attached my attempt. I’ve tried to use triangle inequality formula to attempt, but it seems I got the value which is larger than 1. Which step am I wrong? Also, it seems I cannot neglect the minus sign in front of e^(N+1/2)*2pi. How can I deal with that?
2. ### Evaluating cosine function from ##-\infty## to ##\infty##

Hi, I have some question about evaluating a cosine function from ##-\infty## to ##\infty##. I saw for a cosine function evaluate from ##-\infty## to ##\infty## I can change the limits from 0 to ##\infty##. I have a idea why, but I can't convince myself, furthermore, is it always the case no...
3. ### A A question about a complex integral

I was trying to calculate an integral of form: $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty dx \frac{e^{iax}}{x^2}$$ using contour integration, with ##a>0## above. So I would calculate a contour integral with contour being a semicircle that goes along the real axis, closing it in positive direction in the upper...
4. ### A Integrating a function of which poles appear on the branch cut

I have a complicated function to integrate from -\infty to \infty . I = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{(2k^2 - \Omega^2)(I_0^2(\Omega) + I_2(\Omega)^2) - \Omega^2 I_0(\Omega) I_2(\Omega)}{\sqrt{k^2 - \Omega^2}} \Omega d\Omega Where I0I0 and I2I2 are functions containing Hankel functions as...
5. ### Calculating a complex integral

As this function has no singularities the residue theorem cannot be applied. Can you help me a bit?

9. ### Complex logarithm as primitive

The problem I am trying to calculate the integral $$\int_{\gamma} \frac{z}{z^2+4} \ dz$$ Where ## \gamma ## is the line segment from ## z=2+2i ## to ## z=-2-2i ##. The attempt I would like to solve this problem using substitution and a primitive function to ## \frac{1}{u} ##. I am not...
10. ### Numerical/Analytical Solution to a Complex Integral

Homework Statement I have the following integral I wish to solve (preferably analytically): $$I(x,t) = \int_{-\infty}^{0} \exp{[-(\sigma^2 + i\frac{t}{2})p^2 + (2\sigma ^2 p_a + ix)p]} \ dp$$ where ##x## ranges from ##-\infty## to ##\infty## and ##t## from ##0## to ##\infty##. ##\sigma##...
11. ### Complex Integral to error function

Homework Statement I have an integral $$\int_{-\infty}^{0} e^{-(jp - c)^2} \ dp$$ where j and c are complex, which I'd like to write in terms of ## \text{erf}## I'd like to know what would happen to the integral limits as I make the change of variables ##t = jp - c##. 1) As ##p## tends...
12. ### I Solving Complex Integral Paths - Real Line Poles

Hello! If I have a real integral between ##-\infty## and ##+\infty## and the function to be integrated is holomorphic in the whole complex plane except for a finite number of points on the real line does it matter how I make the path around the poles on the real line? I.e. if I integrate on the...
13. ### I Prove Complex Integral: $\int_m^\infty\sqrt{x^2-m^2}e^{-ixt}dx$

Hello! I found a proof in my physics books and at a step it says that: ##\int_m^\infty\sqrt{x^2-m^2}e^{-ixt}dx \sim_{t \to \infty} e^{-imt}##. Any advice on how to prove this?
14. ### I Complex integral of a real integrand

I am trying to do the following integral: $$\int_{\pi f}^{3\pi f} dx \sqrt{\cos(x/f)}.$$ Wolfram alpha - http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=integrate+(cos(x))^(1/2)+dx+from+x=pi+to+3pi gives me $$\int_{\pi f}^{3\pi f} dx \sqrt{\cos(x/f)} = 4f E(2) = 2.39628f + 2.39628if,$$ where E is the...
15. ### I Can the Complex Integral Problem Be Solved Using Residue Theorem?

I have this problem with a complex integral and I'm having a lot of difficulty solving it: Show that for R and U both greater than 2a, \exists C > 0, independent of R,U,k and a, such that $$\int_{L_{-R,U}\cup L_{R,U}} \lvert f(z)\rvert\,\lvert dz\rvert \leqslant \frac{C}{kR}.$$ Where a > 0, k...

47. ### Contour Integration and Residues: Solving Complex Integrals for Summation

Homework Statement Consider the integral of the function (1) around a large circle of radius R>>b which avoids the singularities of (e^{z}+1)^{-1}. Use this result to determine the sum (2) and (3). Homework Equations (1) - f(z) = \frac{1}{(z^2-b^2)(e^z+1)} (2) -...
48. ### Evalution of a complex integral

Is there a problem with the following evaluation?\displaystyle \int e^{-ix^{2}} \ dx = \frac{1}{\sqrt{i}} \int e^{-u^{2}} \ du = \left( \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}} - i \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}} \right) \text{erf}(u) + C = \left(\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}} - i \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}} \right) \text{erf} (\sqrt{i}x) + C So...