What is Laws of nature: Definition and 25 Discussions

Natural law (Latin: ius naturale, lex naturalis) is a system of law based on a close observation of human nature, and based on values intrinsic to human nature that can be deduced and applied independent of positive law (the enacted laws of a state or society). According to natural law theory, all people have inherent rights, conferred not by act of legislation but by "God, nature, or reason." Natural law theory can also refer to "theories of ethics, theories of politics, theories of civil law, and theories of religious morality."In the Western tradition it was anticipated by the Pre-Socratics, for example in their search for principles that governed the cosmos and human beings. The concept of natural law was documented in ancient Greek philosophy, including Aristotle, and was referred to in ancient Roman philosophy by Cicero. References to it are also to be found in the Old and New Testaments of the Bible, and were later expounded upon in the Middle Ages by Christian philosophers such as Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas. The School of Salamanca made notable contributions during the Renaissance.
Modern natural law theories were greatly developed in the Age of Enlightenment, combining inspiration from Roman law with philosophies like social contract theory. It was used in challenging theory of the divine right of kings, and became an alternative justification for the establishment of a social contract, positive law, and government—and thus legal rights—in the form of classical republicanism. In the early decades of the 21st century, the concept of natural law is closely related to the concept of natural rights. Indeed, many philosophers, jurists and scholars use natural law synonymously with natural rights (Latin: ius naturale), or natural justice, though others distinguish between natural law and natural right.Because of the intersection between natural law and natural rights, natural law has been claimed or attributed as a key component in the Declaration of Independence (1776) of the United States, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789) of France, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) of the United Nations, as well as the European Convention on Human Rights (1953) of the Council of Europe.

View More On Wikipedia.org
  1. S

    I Consequences of the absence of global symmetries...?

    I found some interesting discussions in this site (e.g: https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/smolin-lessons-from-einsteins-discovery.849464/; https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/relatismo-to-the-max.83885/) which are related to Lee Smolin's ideas that laws are not immutable and can therefore...
  2. S

    I Changing or breaking the most fundamental laws and symmetries?

    There are some theoretical processes (like vacuum decay in quantum field theory) that could change the physical constants of the universe. Similarly, in inflation theory, various models predict that multiple regions that would stop inflating would become "bubble universes" perhaps with different...
  3. Isopod

    Horrors of Nature: Satan's Zoo on Earth

    Have you ever discovered any animals which as you read about their activities or life cycle, just seemed so horrific that their very nature almost felt like an argument against Divine Creation? If Satan had a zoo, what kinds of animals from this Earth do you think he would put in it?
  4. S

    I Brane cosmology without string theory?

    There are several models of brane cosmology (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brane_cosmology) and several physicists working in this field (e.g Lisa Randall and Raman Sundrum), but as you will notice, apparently they are all directly related to string theory. This has several consequences, for...
  5. S

    B Is There a Cosmological Model That Considers All Possible Laws of Physics?

    Hawking and Hartle proposed a well-known model which postulated a sum over all possible histories considering all compact euclidean metrics to explain the origin of the universe (this is called the No Boundary model). I was wondering whether there is any model or theory (related to cosmology)...
  6. S

    I Models and theories of laws of physics emerging from chaos?

    Some physicists (like John A Wheeler, Holger B Nielsen or Ilya Prigogine) have proposed that all the laws of physics (including the most fundamental ones) emerged from a primordial chaos (for example, in the case of Wheeler, he proposed that laws of physics emerged from an initial random and...
  7. S

    I Laws of physics from initial conditions?

    Are there any models, theories or physicists who propose that the fundamental laws of nature come from the initial conditions? Are there any physicists who propose that the most fundamental laws of physics emerged from initial conditions at the origin of the universe? And according to this view...
  8. S

    Binnig's fractal evolution applied to multiple universes?

    Gerd Binnig, Nobel laureate in physics in 1986, proposed in his article "The fractal structure of evolution" [1] that everything in the universe, including its laws, had changed and became what we have got today through a process which mixes some concepts from darwinian evolution and fractal...
  9. S

    I Wheeler's Mutability principle and multiple universes?

    Physicist John A Wheeler proposed the "Principle of mutability" which said that it could be the case that the universe would eventually shrink in a "Big Crunch" and the be re-born in another Big Bang. He proposed that the laws of physics (even the considered most fundamental ones) would change...
  10. S

    A Can Cosmic Inflation and String Theory change fundamental laws?

    Is there any version of string theory or cosmological inflation that allows the most fundamental laws and constants change between universes? String Theory and Cosmological Inflation are two theories or models that allow multiple universes to exist. Laws and constants of physics could change...
  11. S

    A Could different outcomes have different physics in Wigner's friend?

    Summary: Could different outcomes have different physics in Wigner's friend? Physicist Eugene Wigner said that consciousness was fundamental for physics and that laws of physics existed because of it. He said that "consciousness can change the usual laws of physics" He also proposed the...
  12. S

    I What multiverse model is this author referring to?

    John's Barrow book "The Constants of Nature" in chapter 13, he talks about a hypothetical multiverse composed of universes governed by other logics. Specifically, he talks about different approaches that physicists take when studying the multiverse, and he mentions a radical approach where even...
  13. davidge

    I My conclusions regarding "the laws of nature"

    You may know I started a thread on this forum asking questions about the statement in General Relativity that "the laws of nature are the same in inertial frames". Guessing about the answers I got, I arrived in the following conclusion. I'd like to know whether these make sense & are correct or...
  14. entropy1

    Multiple universes, measurement and laws of nature

    Considering the multiple universe view, if a measurement (or something else) makes visible which universe we are in, is it then also possible we find ourselves in one with (slightly) different laws of nature?
  15. S

    Exploring the Laws of Nature: Understanding Physical Principles and Phenomena

    Hello, 1a) Generally, would anyone mind discussing what laws of nature (aka. physical laws, physical principles, scientific laws, etc.) are? 1b) Are they only to describe phenomena, i.e., interactions, behaviors, etc.? 1c) Or do any describe why certain entities are similar? Note: by...
  16. P

    Why the fundamental laws of nature is the way it is?

    The world seems to me to be rather arbitrary. I don 't know if people feel the way I do. Scientists apply for government grants to gather data, and conduct experiments. Some scientists look at the data, and write down equations. If those equations are sufficiently fundamental, then some...
  17. B

    Are laws of nature really the same in all reference frames?

    Let’ say; “A” can see and measure a stone falls to the Earth let’s say 10 meter per 1 Earth-second. “B” lives at Mercury and can see the same thing. But “B” would do not see the exactly the same, because seen from “B’s” viewpoint time / distance is not the same as for “A”. Let us say...
  18. marcus

    Laws of Nature workshop: what can we tell from the program?

    This month at PI there will be a 3 day workshop on the Laws of Nature. As outsiders, what can we learn? http://www.perimeterinstitute.ca/en/Events/Laws_of_Nature/Laws_of_Nature%3A_Their_Nature_and_Knowability/ Smolin and Unger have a book in the works about this (time and the laws of nature)...
  19. K

    Laws of Physics vs. Laws of Nature

    I'm new to studying physics. Are the laws of nature and the laws of physics synonymous with each other? Thanks!
  20. V

    Laws of nature, and creatures like us.

    The following is something i read, and attempt to reproduce. I made no claim for originality. For anyone that wants the title of the book, and page number. I will find it, and post it. ( I remember the author is an adjunt professor at rockefeller university) The universe U is a computer...
  21. C

    Why has mathematics worked so far to describe the laws of nature ?

    I think this is a recurring theme in many other threads, but haven't seen a poll. If we can get a large enough number of participants, would suggest to publish the results.
  22. I

    Are the Laws of Nature Being Repealed?

    see: http://www.netscape.com/viewstory/2007/04/21/laws-of-nature-to-be-repealed/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.glossynews.com%2Fartman%2Fpublish%2Flaws-of-nature-repealed-1291.shtml&frame=true and to think we all spent so much time studying the laws of nature only to have them repealed!
  23. K

    Why is there something instead of nothing? Where do the laws of nature come from?

    That is perhaps the biggest 2 question for the whole of existence. Without it, there would be no sciences, no human, no anything...at all. Can the laws come into being without matter/universe? Can the universe come into being without the laws? (It is said that universe might come out of a...
  24. S

    Laws of Nature & the Arrow of Time

    The abundance of matter and antimatter implies the laws of nature are different for particles and antiparticles. This is shown in the way more b mesons than anti-b mesons decayed into kaons and pions - the weak force does not conserve charge/parity. But if CP symmetry is not conserved, does...