We are pleased to introduce Sabine Hossenfelder. Sabine is a theoretical physicist from the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies. Sabine also authors a very popular physics blog called backreaction.
Reading your blog over the past 6 months or so, one gets a feeling that your views about (particle) dark matter versus modified gravity have changed during that time, or are at least in a state of flux. Where do you stand on this right now, and why?
Both particle dark matter and modified gravity have pros and cons and I don’t think the case is remotely close to being settled.
Given the fact, that physical models are commonly regarded as beautiful and in a sense minimal, how can we explain or classify ever expanding parameters: Super Lie algebras increasing gauge groups, increasing dimensions? Does it possibly mean we haven’t found the right language yet, or is real world description actually more complicated than the models we’d prefer?
I have never heard of the fact that “physical models are commonly regarded as beautiful and in a sense minimal” and even if that was so I don’t know why it would matter. Yes, quite possibly it’s a pretty bad idea to rely on the aesthetic sense of humans to find a good theory to describe nature.
What is your view on the absence to date of encouraging LHC results for supersymmetry? Should we reassess any fundamental assumptions and how might this impact future experiments?
We should have reassessed the fundamental assumptions 30 years ago. I’m not a prophet and can’t tell you how such a reassessment would impact future experiments.
What direction should experimental particle physics go?
The major problem in foundational physics research isn’t the experimentalists, it’s the theorists. We need theorists to come up with good ideas for where to look for new physical phenomena, but theorists merely amend models they should have buried long ago. It’s clearly not working, but evidently we fail to learn the lesson. I’m afraid it’s a systemic problem that will be hard to fix.
What are your views on Loop quantum gravity, and should top Universities like Princeton, Harvard, MIT, Stanford sponsor a loop quantum gravity research group and faculty?
Loop quantum gravity is even more detached from physics than is string theory, and the math is less interesting on its own right. No, I wouldn’t recommend to any university to set up a research group on loop quantum gravity. If some department is interested in quantum gravity, they should set up a research group on quantum gravity phenomenology, and hire people to take on the question how to find experimental evidence that gravity is even quantized. (And, at some point, find out which theory of quantum gravity is the correct one.)
Can we expect anything exciting for theory in the experimental developments that will follow LIGO’s observation of a black hole merger? I mean developments in the most general sense – including the Japanese, Indian and space versions of LIGO.
LIGO will likely deliver lots of new and exciting data for the theory of solar system formation, eg, or the population density of black holes and or neutron stars, not to mention precision tests of general relativity.
Share with us some of the experiences you’ve had running the “Ask a Physicist” program.
Everyone who calls us is very passionate about physics. I think I wasn’t previously aware how much fascination our research brings with it. Or maybe I had forgotten about it. Either way, it’s good to be reminded of it.
Where do you get your inspiration from and how do you stay motivated when much of your work and questions may not be answered till after your passing?
I am happy to contribute small pieces that I hope will one day help to solve a larger puzzle. Inspiration I find plenty in the literature – it’s full with open problems that are waiting for someone to tackle them. The more difficult part is making a wise decision for what is the best project to spend time on. This decision also has to take into account what pays the rent.
I do go through phases where I lack motivation to continue with my research. In these cases I usually spend some time working on something entirely different. My music videos are examples for this. Also, writing helps a lot.
It seems that there is more anti-science and misinformation in the media, which probably trickles down to our students. How can we better train our students to be more resistive to this?
I think that all students should get a rudimentary education in logical fallacies, and cognitive and social biases, as well as means to prevent them.
In your March 22, 2017 blog entry, the impression was given that you may leave academia in a few years. If this is true what are all the reasons you may want to leave, whether there is any minimal change that can keep you in academia and what that minimal change would be, etc.
The blog entry was about perverse incentives in academia. I have considered leaving academia on and off for many years because of this. If you want to succeed in academia you have to play by the rules and my best chances at success would require me to work on topics I do not think have much promise. I don’t see the point in doing that.
Would you recommend a young theoretical physicist to direct his career into a research of supersymmetry, and why?
I’d recommend to all young physicists that they shouldn’t put all their eggs in one basket. Concretely, they should build up their research so that they can, if necessary, specialize in various different directions. Regarding supersymmetry in particular, I have no idea why anyone at this point would want to go into this research area. It’s overpopulated already, and there’s zero evidence it has anything to do with the real world.
What does the future hold for you?
I’ll have three music videos about physics topics coming up in the next months which I am super-excited about right now! I’ve also written a
popular science book which I hope will come out in Spring 2018, but the date isn’t yet fixed. If I find the time, I’d like to think more about the covariant version of Verlinde’s emergent gravity that I recently wrote a paper about. It worked much better than I anticipated and I find this intriguing. In the next months, I’ll be working on a project on the phenomenology of quantum gravity (following up on a paper I wrote some years ago).
Thanks for your time Sabine! We look forward to your future research and those physics music videos!
Sabine’s Recent Blog Posts
- Can we probe the quantization of the black hole ho... by Sabine Hossenfelder on May 26, 2017
Tl;dr: Yes, but the testable cases aren’t the most plausible ones. It’s the year 2017, but we still don’t know how space and time get along wi...
- Can we use gravitational waves to rule out extra d... by Sabine Hossenfelder on May 19, 2017
Gravitational Waves, Computer simulation. Credits: Henze, NASA Tl;dr: Probably not. Last week I learned from New Scientist that “Gravitational wav...
- “Not a Toy” - New Video about Symmetry Breakin... by Sabine Hossenfelder on May 16, 2017
Here is the third and last of the music videos I produced together with Apostolos Vasilidis and Timo Alho, sponsored by FQXi. The first two are here a...