Over the years, I’ve noticed some distinct trends among the physics and chemistry majors I’ve mentored and worked with.
Those with GPAs in the 3.8-4.0 range vary with respect to other habits, but they are very intentional in two things:
1) They aim high from the first day of the semester. Test scores close to 90% signal a problem to them. They begin considering what to do differently and how to work harder. They really want to build a course average closer to 95% (assuming an A is 90%) to have a significant margin for error when they get to the final exam. They know what score they need on the final when the time comes, and they often tell me things like, “All I need on the final is a 75% to earn an A in this course.” On the rare occasions when they need the “last minute miracle” to salvage an A in the course, they usually get it as a result of working hard from the first day of class.
2) They are very diligent about managing distractions to keep studying as a very high priority. They take care to weigh commitments like employment, recreation, sports, etc. so they are sure they can study 2-3 hours outside of class for each class hour. They are more likely to live on campus or near campus to reduce travel time and expenses. They are more likely to commute via foot, bike, or bus due to the financial and time overhead (parking, repairs) associated with driving, particularly in their first couple years of college. They are more likely to have a meal plan so as not to waste too much time buying, preparing, and cleaning up after meals. They jealously guard their preparation time against outside distractions. They are also careful to only schedule 12-15 credit hours each semester in the first place.
These are the students most likely to be admitted to places like Harvard, MIT, and whatever their top choices of grad schools might be.
In contrast, Physics and Chemistry majors who tend to fall closer to the 3.5-3.8 GPA range are less zealous, but still intentional in two things:
1) They are not content with test grades or cumulative course grades anywhere less than a 90% at any point in the semester. Test and assignment scores above 90% don’t bother them too much, but they put into action intentional plans to work harder and tweak their approach for any grade below an A (usually 90%). They always know what their cumulative grade is in a course, and what they need on the final exam to get that A. They are sober and not fantasizing about last minute miracles or extra credit salvaging a grade. They also don’t fantasize that “I really understand the material, I just don’t do well on tests.” Their view more that doing well on graded events is necessary (but not always sufficient) evidence for understanding the material.
2) Managing distractions is a priority, as is study time. But they are more likely to be planning and averaging 1-2 hours of preparation outside of class for each class hour. These students are more likely to hold time-consuming leadership positions on campus and are more likely to spend 5-10 hours each week in the gym, playing sports, etc. They make intentional lifestyle choices to surround themselves with like-minded friends (no party all the time roommates) and avoid commitments that turn into big time sinks (other than employment).
These students most commonly have multiple job offers upon graduation and often are admitted to fairly good graduate schools (Texas A&M, GA Tech, Ohio State, etc.)
Students who approach graduation with 3.0-3.5 GPAs tend to be characterized by the following:
1) Their internal alarm does not kick in until they are scoring in the C range on tests or other higher stakes graded assignments. Though they hope for As, grades in the B range are most often addressed with attempts to work smarter rather than harder. They get out of the gate with an hour or so of effort outside of class for each class hour, and seldom ramp up their efforts to 2 hours or more (for each class hour) until mid-term or until multiple grades in the C range (or worse) are in the grade book. The more inclined they are to hope for last minute miracles and extra credit, the lower their GPAs tend to be.
2) There are definitely no party fiends in this crew, and there is an intentional level of managing distractions. Their closest friends and roommates are like minded. But there is also definitely a much higher level of participation in sports and recreation. Most spend at about as much time participating in sports and recreation (formal or informal) as they spend studying. But this also means they spend as much time studying as pursuing sports, recreation, and other extracurricular activities.
Employability and grad school prospects for students in this range usually comes down to the reputation of their schools, whether their GPAs are closer to 3.5 or closer to 3.0, other factors (like research and GRE scores), and whether they managed to get STEM-related employment experience along the way. Post-BS opportunities are also more strongly dependent on networking and recommendations and belonging to underrepresented groups.
I grew up working in bars and restaurants in New Orleans, Louisiana, and viewed education as a path to escape menial and dangerous work environments, majoring in Physics at LSU. After being a finalist for the Rhodes Scholarship I was offered graduate research fellowships from both Princeton and MIT, completing a PhD in Physics from MIT in 1995. I have published papers in theoretical astrophysics, experimental atomic physics, chaos theory, quantum theory, acoustics, ballistics, traumatic brain injury, epistemology, and education.
My philosophy of education emphasizes the tremendous potential for accomplishment in each individual and that achieving that potential requires efforts in a broad range of disciplines including music, art, poetry, history, literature, science, math, and athletics. As a younger man, I enjoyed playing basketball and Ultimate. Now I play tennis and mountain bikes 1000 miles a year.