What is Brazil: Definition and 19 Discussions

Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil; Brazilian Portuguese: [bɾaˈziw]), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. It covers an area of 8,515,767 square kilometres (3,287,956 sq mi), with a population of over 211 million. Brazil is the world's fifth-largest and sixth-most populous country, composed of 26 states and the Federal District. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Brazil is one of the world's most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world. It is also the most populous Roman Catholic-majority country, and its capital is Brasília, while the largest city is São Paulo.
Brazil is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It covers roughly half of South America's landmass, and borders all other countries in the continent except Ecuador and Chile. Its Amazon basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of the seventeen megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest, as environmental degradation through processes like deforestation has direct impacts on global issues like climate change and biodiversity loss.
Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. It remained a Portuguese colony until 1808 when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. In 1822, Brazil achieved independence with the creation of the Empire of Brazil. The ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic.Brazil is a regional power and a middle power in international affairs, ranking 84th in the Human Development Index. It is a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in Latin America. Brazil's economy is the world's thirteenth-largest by nominal GDP and the eighth-largest by PPP. It is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. On account of its international recognition and influence, the country is subsequently classified as an emerging power. However, the country maintains high amounts of corruption and crime, having the highest amount of recorded murders in 2018. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries. It is also home to the world's thirteenth-highest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

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  1. pinball1970

    New virus reported from Brazil

    Name Yaravirus found in an artificial lake with 90% novel genes. Evolution significance?
  2. T

    Entropy in the Brazil Nut Sorting Effect

    In Brazil Nut effect /Granular convection the large grains move upward and the smaller ones go downward. This sorting is supposed to reduce the multiplicity of this system. But according to the second law of thermodynamics, entropy and multiplicity of the system should increase. I am looking...
  3. H

    News Facebook VP jailed in Brazil

    Sao Paulo (AFP) - Brazilian police jailed the vice president of Facebook for Latin America on Tuesday after the social media giant refused access to data the authorities said was important in a drug probe. Facebook is being fined $250,000 a day for non-compliance.
  4. Brunnun

    Is Studying Physics in Brazil or the US the Right Choice for Me?

    Hey. This question is kinda specific, so I will not be surprised if it is not answered to at all, but any input is appreciated. I'm currently struggling with the possibility of studying Physics as an undergraduate here, at Brazil (Free, top 100 only Physics university, but the technology and...
  5. E

    Informations (System of Units Brazil -> United States)

    Google Translator.: (Portuguese(Brazil) -> English(U.S.A)) Hello, good morning. I live in Brazil (South America). I'm doing research for the course in production engineering. I found that in Brazil, we use the international system of units...
  6. L

    Lucas from Brazil"Exploring Math: Where to Begin for Lucas from Brazil

    Hello people, I'm Lucas, from Brazil, and I'm beginning my high school and in this forum. Well, I really enjoy math and I want to get deeper in my studies. I read my entire school's book of math and I also had studied almost of KhanAcademy's math content. But I think this is so superficial...
  7. C

    Lecture of Edward Witten and 2nd Dutch-IFT School (BRAZIL)

    The 2nd Joint Dutch-IFT School on Theoretical Physics will be held from February 14-18 at the IFT-UNESP in Sao Paulo. The opening lecture "String Theory and the Universe" will be given by Prof. Edward Witten (IAS, Princeton) at 10:15 on Monday Feb 14, followed by minicourses of Prof. Eric...
  8. rcgldr

    News Why did trickle up economics work in Brazil?

    Saw a rerun of a 60 minutes episode a while back. To summarize one of the segments, about 7 years or so ago, the government of Brazil simply handed out money to the poor, which then spent that money on goods that started a self-sustain and growing economic cycle. Brazil has a fairly progressive...
  9. A

    Eletricity, question from Brazil

    Hello, I'm with a doubt, and my teacher don't know how to solve, I translated this question to English so it can have some mistakes, please help me! Homework Statement (ITA) In a laboratory experiment, electrons are emitted by a metal filament F with virtually no initial velocity and are...
  10. G

    Anyone ever been to Brazil or Argentina?

    I'm leaving on Thurs to go to Brazil for Carnival and then going to Argentina (Buenos Aires and wine country) after that. Anyone got any travel tips like places to eat, stay, or bad areas?
  11. C

    Fifth International School on Field Theory and Gravitation (BRAZIL)

    http://fisica.ufmt.br/school2/ [Broken] Some of the invited speakers: Paul Davies, Abhay Ashtekar, Lawrence M. Krauss, James B. Hartle (to be confirmed), etc.
  12. C

    Smolin at XXVIII Encontro Nacional de Física de Partículas e Campos

    I've just learned from Smolin himself that he will be at the XXVIII Encontro Nacional de Física de Partículas e Campos next September here in Brazil. Here is the program: http://www.sbf1.sbfisica.org.br/eventos/enfpc/xxviii/programa/index.asp His abstract will probably be there soon, I...
  13. marlon

    France Wins 0-1 Over Brazil in Exciting Match

    BRAZIL IS OUT ! HAHA They lost 0-1 to France with a goal from Henry after a great free kick by Zidane in the 57th minute. What a great match the French team played. As England was the most overestimated team of this WCup, France was the most underestimated team, IMO marlon
  14. Gokul43201

    Brazil vs Australia: Score as Expected, Ronaldo Scores 2 Assists

    This went roughly along the lines I'd expected - at least the score did; I missed the match itself. They started Ronaldo again? Did he lose 20 pounds in the last 3 days? Says that he had both assists - wow!
  15. Monique

    Brazil vs Croatia: Analyzing Ronaldo's Performance

    No comments on that past game? What did you think of the performance of Ronaldo.
  16. Ivan Seeking

    Brazil Releases Classified UFO Data

    http://www.rense.com/general65/braz.htm Just providing a quick link here to what was discussed on The History Channel last night, which appears to be the follow up story to this news release. When time allows, I or perhaps other members will post links to better information. I was aware...
  17. L

    Brazil and USA in war

    Will USA brain drain Brazil until Brazil can not defend from an attack of USA? Will the least intelligent keep disappearing and the most intelligent keep appearing on Earth? Has evolution stopped?
  18. B

    The Brazil Nut Effect: Explained!

    why do the big brazil nuts always end up at the top of the bag? or when you put a rubber ball at the bottom of a bowl of rice and shake the bowl from side to side why does the rubber ball always come to the top? what is the explanation? I'm going crazy!
  19. Ivan Seeking

    [Freak] `Hurricane` Heading Toward Southern Brazil