# What is Subspaces: Definition and 333 Discussions

In mathematics, and more specifically in linear algebra, a linear subspace, also known as a vector subspace is a vector space that is a subset of some larger vector space. A linear subspace is usually simply called a subspace when the context serves to distinguish it from other types of subspaces.

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1. ### I Homeomorphism linear subspace

Hi, consider the Euclidean space ##\mathbb R^8## and the projection map ##\pi## over the first 4 coordinates, i.e. ##\pi : \mathbb R^8 \rightarrow \mathbb R^4##. I would show that the restriction of ##\pi## to the linear subspace ##A## (endowed with the subspace topology from ##\mathbb R^8##)...
2. ### Sets of Vectors as Subspaces

I don't understand the solution: that for (1, ..., 1) the additive inverse is (-1, ..., -1), so the condition is not satisfied (and it is not a subspace). Which condition is not met? Thank you.
3. ### Prove that the intersection of subspaces is compact and closed

Given that one of the ##S_i## (let's name it ##S_{compact}##), is compact. Assume there is an open cover ##\mathcal V## of ##S_{compact}##. By definition of a compact subspace, there is a subcover ##\mathcal U## with ##n<\infty## open sets. Notice that ##\forall x\in (\bigcap_i S_i)##, ##x\in...
4. ### Dimension statement about (finite-dimensional) subspaces

My intuition tells me this is a true statements so let's try to prove it. The dimension is defined as the number of elements of a basis. Hence, we can work in terms of basis to prove the statement. Given that ##U_3## appears on both sides of the inequality, let's get a basis for it. How...
5. ### Proving a statement about inclusion of subspaces

Summary:: I want to understand the following theorem and its proof (which can be found in MSE, link below): Let ##V## be a ##n##-dimensional vector space, let ##U_i \subseteq V## be subspaces of ##V## for ##i = 1,2,\dots,r## where $$U_1 \subseteq U_2 \subseteq \dots \subseteq U_r$$ If ##r>n+1##...
6. ### Given subspaces ##U \& W##, show they are equal | Linear Algebra

Show that ##U = span \{ (1, 2, 3), (-1, 2, 9)\}## and ##W = \{ (x, y, z) \in \Bbb R^3 | z-3y +3x = 0\}## are equal. I have the following strategy in mind: determine the dimension of subspaces ##U## and ##W## separately and then make use of the fact ##dim U = dim W \iff U=W##. For ##U## I would...
7. ### Span(S) is the intersection of all subspaces of V containing S

Homework Statement:: I want to understand the proof for the following theorem: span(S) is the intersection of all subspaces of V containing S. Relevant Equations:: N/A I know that if ##W## is any subspace of ##V## containing ##S## then ##\text{span}(S) \subseteq W##. I have read (Page 157: #...
8. ### Dimension of orthogonal subspaces sum

##| V_1 \rangle \in \mathbb{V}^{n_1}_1## and there is an orthonormal basis in ##\mathbb{V}^{n_1}_1##: ##|u_1\rangle, |u_2\rangle ... |u_{n_1}\rangle## ##| V_2 \rangle \in \mathbb{V}^{n_2}_2## and there is an orthonormal basis in ##\mathbb{V}^{n_2}_2##: ##|w_1\rangle, |w_2\rangle ...
9. ### MHB Statements about subspaces

Hey! :giggle: Let $V$ be a $\mathbb{R}$-vector space, let $x,y\in V$ and let $U,W\leq_{\mathbb{R}}V$ be subspaces of $V$. Show that : (a) If $(x+U)\cap (y+W)\neq \emptyset$ and $z\in (x+U)\cap (y+W)$ then $(x+U)\cap (y+W)=z+(U\cap W)$. (b) The following statements are equivalent: (i) $U=W$ and...
10. ### Subspace Help: Properties & Verifying Examples

Summary:: Properties of subspaces and verifying examples Hi, My textbook gives some examples relating to subspaces but I am having trouble intuiting them. Could someone please help me understand the five points they are attempting to convey here (see screenshot).
11. ### B Are subspaces of Hilbert space real?

When orthogonal states of a quantum system is projected into subspaces A and B are A and B real spaces?
12. ### I Quantum logic based on closed Hilbert space subspaces

One proposal that I have read (but cannot re-find the source, sorry) was to identify a truth value for a proposition (event) with the collection of closed subspaces in which the event had a probability of 1. But as I understand it, a Hilbert space is a framework which, unless trivial, keeps...
13. ### I 2 and 3 dimensional invariant subspaces of R4

I am looking at the representation of D4 in ℝ4 consisting of the eight 4 x 4 matrices acting on the 4 vertices of the square a ≡ 1, b ≡ 2, c ≡ 3 and d ≡ 4. I have proven that the 1-dimensional subspace of D4 in ℝ2 has no proper invariant subspaces and therefore is reducible. I did this in 2...
14. ### MHB Decide if the sets are subspaces or affine subspaces

Hey! :o We have the subsets \begin{equation*}V:=\left \{\begin{pmatrix}x_1 \\ x_2 \\ x_3\end{pmatrix}\mid x_1=0\right \}, \ \ \ W:=\left \{\begin{pmatrix}x_1 \\ x_2 \\ x_3\end{pmatrix}\mid x_2=2\right \}, \ \ \ S:=\left \{\lambda \begin{pmatrix}1 \\ 0 \\ -1\end{pmatrix}\mid \lambda \in...

44. ### I Can subspaces be used to determine probabilities in quantum mechanics?

Suppose we have an observable with a certain number of eigenstates. We would normalize all these possibilities to 1 in order to give each eigenstate an appropriate probability of being measured. Can we then only consider the data of many measurements for only a subset of those eigenstates and...
45. ### Showing that Something is a Subspace of R^3

Homework Statement The question asks to show whether the following are sub-spaces of R^3. Here is the first problem. I want to make sure I'm on the right track. Problem: Show that W = {(x,y,z) : x,y,z ∈ ℝ; x = y + z} is a subspace of R^3. Homework Equations None The Attempt at a Solution...
46. ### Modular arithmetic on vector spaces

Homework Statement Let U is the set of all polynomials u on field \mathbb F such that u(3)=u(-2)=0. Check if U is the subspace of the set of all polynomials P(x) on \mathbb F and if it is, determine the set W such that P(x)=U\oplus W. Homework Equations -Polynomial vector spaces -Subspaces...
47. ### Linear algebra: Prove the statement

Homework Statement Prove that \dim L(\mathbb F)+\dim Ker L=\dim(\mathbb F+Ker L) for every subspace \mathbb{F} and every linear transformation L of a vector space V of a finite dimension. Homework Equations -Fundamental subspaces -Vector spaces The Attempt at a Solution Theorem: [/B]If...
48. ### Geometric Sets and Tangent Subspaces - McInnerney, Example 3

I am reading Andrew McInerney's book: First Steps in Differential Geometry: Riemannian, Contact, Symplectic ... I am currently focussed on Chapter 3: Advanced Calculus ... and in particular I am studying Section 3.3 Geometric Sets and Subspaces of T_p ( \mathbb{R}^n ) ... I need help with a...
49. ### Isomorphism to subspaces of different dimensions

Homework Statement Given the linear transformations f : R 3 → R 2 , f(x, y, z) = (2x − y, 2y + z), g : R 2 → R 3 , g(u, v) = (u, u + v, u − v), find the matrix associated to f◦g and g◦f with respect to the standard basis. Find rank(f ◦g) and rank(g ◦ f), is one of the two compositions an...
50. ### MHB Sum of Two Subspaces and lub - Roman, Chapter 1, page 39

I am reading Steven Roman's book, Advanced Linear Algebra and am currently focussed on Chapter 1: Vector Spaces ... ... In discussing the sum of a set of subspaces Roman writes (page 39) ...In the above text, Roman writes: " ... ... It is not hard to show that the sum of any collection of...