learning Definition and Topics - 38 Discussions

Learning is the process of acquiring new understanding, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, attitudes, and preferences. The ability to learn is possessed by humans, animals, and some machines; there is also evidence for some kind of learning in certain plants. Some learning is immediate, induced by a single event (e.g. being burned by a hot stove), but much skill and knowledge accumulate from repeated experiences. The changes induced by learning often last a lifetime, and it is hard to distinguish learned material that seems to be "lost" from that which cannot be retrieved.Human learning starts at birth (it might even start before) and continues until death as a consequence of ongoing interactions between people and their environment. The nature and processes involved in learning are studied in many fields, including educational psychology, neuropsychology, experimental psychology, and pedagogy. Research in such fields has led to the identification of various sorts of learning. For example, learning may occur as a result of habituation, or classical conditioning, operant conditioning or as a result of more complex activities such as play, seen only in relatively intelligent animals. Learning may occur consciously or without conscious awareness. Learning that an aversive event can't be avoided nor escaped may result in a condition called learned helplessness. There is evidence for human behavioral learning prenatally, in which habituation has been observed as early as 32 weeks into gestation, indicating that the central nervous system is sufficiently developed and primed for learning and memory to occur very early on in development.Play has been approached by several theorists as a form of learning. Children experiment with the world, learn the rules, and learn to interact through play. Lev Vygotsky agrees that play is pivotal for children's development, since they make meaning of their environment through playing educational games. For Vygotsky, however, play is the first form of learning language and communication and the stage where a child begins to understand rules and symbols. This has led to a view that learning in organisms is always related to semiosis.

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  1. J

    A Comprehensive "Map of Electronics Engineering"

    Summary:: I was wondering if there was a map of electronics engineering much like this does for physics (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZihywtixUYo). I realise that looking at undergrad course outlines should give a decent picture of the field. However I am looking for a more comprehensive...
  2. S

    Help learning physics through games?

    Summary: Anyone know any games that legitimately help when trying to understand basic concepts of physics? So i've been into studying physics for a while now but i feel like my attention span is holding me back. Almost nothing sticks. I always end up getting bored and playing video games or...
  3. C

    Courses Course advice for an enthusiast

    Hey all, firstly let me give some background, i`m a Cloud Computing Engineer and have been in the I.T. industry for the past 20 years since I left university. I have always had an interest in science and astronomy (My dad was a keen amateur astronomer) but never really taken it very seriously...
  4. .Scott

    Learning new words detected during deep sleep

    I found this article interesting: https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(18)31672-5?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0960982218316725%3Fshowall%3Dtrue They played audio of word pairs during slow wave sleep and detected the learning of this...
  5. S

    Does anybody know of any good books for math? (functions)

    Does anybody know any good books to learn math?
  6. Robert Wilson

    Online Tutoring

    How much can i earn tutoring online?
  7. Posty McPostface

    Holistic learning?

    I have a question about learners who study via a holistic method. I typically, want to understand the 'big picture' of some subject and then from there fill in the gaps in my understanding of specifics. I've come to realize that this is a cumbersome approach, but, that's just how I study things...
  8. Emir Shark

    Programs Returning to Physics: Study plan?

    Hi all, I am completely new to this forum. So allow me to introduce myself. I am currently paving my career as a mathematician, particularly in the field of probability theory and financial mathematics. I am currently pursuing a PhD in this subject and could not help but notice how closely...
  9. U

    Studying What do I need before starting to learn electrodynamics?

    I am a high school sophomore and I want to take part in Physics Olympiads which is exactly why I want to learn electrodynamics. I have ordered 'An Introduction to Electrodynamics' by D.J. Griffiths. I am halfway through MIT OCW mechanics course and I know Calculus equivalent to standard Calculus...
  10. D

    Can brainless animals learn?

    Hi everyone Are brainless animals such as jellyfish and starfish capable of learning (for example by classical conditioning)? I would have thought not, but apparently there are plants that are capable of learning...
  11. JTC

    What is Artificial Intelligence?

    Please bear with me... In a curriculum in mechanical engineering, there is a set of standard topics: statics, dynamics, vibrations, fluid mechanics, thermondynamics, etc. What is Artificial Intelligence, and what does it entail? (at the moment, it seems like a buzz phrase that does not...
  12. M

    Studying Does white noise impair studying, reading or recall/memor?

    Hi, I recently have been trying to look into whether or not white noise works as a means to block out external sounds so i can concentrate. However, I want to know whether it actually impairs studying and reading. I do not care if it has no benefit, as long as it has no negative effects. I am...
  13. PhysicsMarco

    Do most textbooks not help their readers?

    I've discovered this essay, which argues that most textbooks are actually written for the authors and not for the readers. I also think that most textbooks are not very helpful after all, but I find the phenomenon still strange. Writing a textbook is a long, tedious job and certainly not...
  14. A

    Physics Study Group

    Dear All, I am looking for tools and even online platform able to host a study group in physics. My goal would be the creation of a general relativity group. It will be a study group for graduated in physics (then not for amateurs) that for the simple pleasure of science would like to...
  15. Felix Gonzales

    Other Should I drop physics?

    I love physics. Well, modern physics mostly, still physics though. It's amazing seeing how much there is we don't know and how we got to understand what we do know today. I think the concepts are crazy, cool and fun. If I didn't know better, I'd say modern physics truly sounds like pure fiction...
  16. N

    Studying 7th Grade Aspiring Rocket Scientist

    Hello! I'm currently in 7th grade, and I want to become a Rocket Scientist. Is there any possible way that I could speed this process up before I take AP tests or CLEP tests or go to college? I know it will be hard, but I want to learn. I think it might have something to do with Linear Algebra...
  17. Question_

    How do you learn?

    I'm a rather slow learner relative to other students. I take the understanding of the material to be of greater importance than rote memorization of it. If anyone looks at the forgetting curve of memorized material, you can appreciate how inefficient rote memorization is. I'm also quite lazy in...
  18. Mayed Al-Tunaiji

    Studying Self learning physics

    Hello, everyone, I am a 16-year-old high school student studying AP physics, that will be a senior this coming year, I have a very keen interest in physics and would like to pursue a career as a particle physicist. I finish school in 2 weeks (finals) and I want to study physics over the summer...
  19. AlexGLSY

    Looking for someone to learn QM with

    Hey Guys, I started reading the book and having some hard time with some of the math. Would someone would like to help me through the book, and with QM itself(mainly the math)? In help I mean someone I could send messages with different questions regarding the book and QM. In return I could help...
  20. W

    Studying Bad Problem-Solving Habits

    Hi all, I am an undergraduate Physics student. I have recently realised that I am extremely bad at solving "new" problems related to the topics I am working on. Trying to do any question that deviates slightly from the norm will cause me to be stuck on that problem for hours, usually to no...
  21. doktorwho

    Python What is the best place to learn Python?

    What would be your option for learning python? Would it be a book a course a youtube channel.. you name it, whether paid or free it doesnt matter i just want to get an idea of the best place to start..
  22. Avatrin

    Differences between programming languages

    Hi So, I know programming in Python. However, I am considering learning Java and C++. I know it's easier to learn a new language if you already know a programming language. However, how similar are the different languages? The impression I get from skimming through online resources is that they...
  23. L

    I How to bridge the gap between these approaches to SR?

    For quite a long time now I'm having some trouble to bridge the gap between two different approaches to Special Relativity. The first approach is the traditional one. It is the approach that Einstein presented in his paper and that is taught in most of the basic textbooks. In this approach...
  24. G

    Studying How to Learn Programming?

    I am a sophomore and I want to learn coding before I start college. I don't have much money and I need to know what resources I could use to learn a language. I have tried free online sites and apps but the abstract nature of the teaching and the lack of "real" coding makes me lose interest...
  25. P

    Other Full physics tutorial series

    Hey Physics Forums! I am a self taught individual, who would like to learn more about physics. My goal in life is to virtually understand every physics principal we know, and become extremely good at all forms of physics. I will be reading physics books over the next 30 years, so that i can...
  26. MarcusAu314

    Studying How to truly UNDERSTAND physics and not just memorising?

    First of all, I am not new here in the forum. What I mean with this is that I have previously posted several threads in the past (about calculus and physics). Even though most of your answers you give to the threads help me a lot for my assignments and exams (which I really appreciate, thanks...
  27. G

    Intro Math Learning Mathematics

    Hi. I've recently finished high school and am planning to study science/physics, hence I'll be doing a lot of calculus courses but I'm looking to do more than that. I was looking to find some good sources, whether they be online or in textbook format or whatever. As for where I'm at currently, I...
  28. rmoh13

    How do I use math to back up my theories in physics?

    Because I'm only in pre-calculus right now (I'm still not in ninth grade yet), I haven't been able to find a way to back up my theories on physics which are mostly based off of reason and logic (I know this is a bad way to back up my theories, I just want to know what you think of them and how I...
  29. B

    Other Temptation to read many books on same topics

    Dear Physics Forum advisers, I am a college sophomore in US with a major in mathematics and an aspiring mathematician in the computational complexity theory. I have been reading some math books on different topics, such as analysis and abstract algebra. As a former microbiology major, it is...
  30. I

    Neurons, DNA, Memory and Learning

    Hello I am not an expert in this field but I am really hoping to understand as much as I can about the concepts described in my questions below. I might be using some improper jargon and expressions, so I apologize if some things are incorrect or confusing. #1 Do all the neurons have the same...
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