What is Fermilab: Definition and 18 Discussions

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), located just outside Batavia, Illinois, near Chicago, is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory specializing in high-energy particle physics. Since 2007, Fermilab has been operated by the Fermi Research Alliance, a joint venture of the University of Chicago, and the Universities Research Association (URA). Fermilab is a part of the Illinois Technology and Research Corridor.
Fermilab's Tevatron was a landmark particle accelerator; until the startup in 2008 of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) near Geneva, Switzerland, it was the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, accelerating protons and antiprotons to energies of 980 GeV, and producing proton-proton collisions with energies of up to 1.96 TeV, the first accelerator to reach one "tera-electron-volt" energy. At 3.9 miles (6.3 km), it was the world's fourth-largest particle accelerator in circumference. One of its most important achievements was the 1995 discovery of the top quark, announced by research teams using the Tevatron's CDF and DØ detectors. It was shut down in 2011. Since then Fermilab's Main Injector, two miles (3.3 km) in circumference, has been the laboratory's most powerful particle accelerator. The construction of the first building for the new PIP-II linear accelerator began in 2020.Fermilab hosts neutrino experiments, such as MicroBooNE (Micro Booster Neutrino Experiment), ICARUS (Imaging Cosmic and Rare Underground Signals), NOνA (NuMI Off-Axis νe Appearance) and Muon g-2. Completed neutrino experiments include MINOS (Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search), MINOS+, MiniBooNE and SciBooNE (SciBar Booster Neutrino Experiment) as well as the SeaQuest fixed-target experiment. The MiniBooNE detector was a 40-foot (12 m) diameter sphere containing 800 tons of mineral oil lined with 1,520 phototube detectors. An estimated 1 million neutrino events were recorded each year. SciBooNE sat in the same neutrino beam as MiniBooNE but had fine-grained tracking capabilities. The NOνA experiment uses, and the MINOS experiment used, Fermilab's NuMI (Neutrinos at the Main Injector) beam, which is an intense beam of neutrinos that travels 455 miles (732 km) through the Earth to the Soudan Mine in Minnesota and the Ash River, Minnesota, site of the NOνA far detector. In 2017, the ICARUS neutrino experiment was moved from CERN to Fermilab, with plans to begin operation in 2020.Fermilab also pursues research in quantum information science. It founded the Fermilab Quantum Institute in 2019. Since 2020, it also is home to the SQMS (Superconducting Quantum and Materials Science) center.In the public realm, Fermilab is home to a native prairie ecosystem restoration project and hosts many cultural events: public science lectures and symposia, classical and contemporary music concerts, folk dancing and arts galleries. The site is open from dawn to dusk to visitors who present valid photo identification.
Asteroid 11998 Fermilab is named in honor of the laboratory.

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  1. ohwilleke

    B When Will Fermilab Release Its Initial Muon g-2 Measurement? [new update on August 10]

    Fermilab's E989 experiment is conducting the first precision measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon (muon g-2) since the Brookhaven lab did so fifteen years ago. It is currently collecting Run-3 data for this experiment, and said that it would be releasing preliminary Run-1...
  2. F

    A Exploring the D0 Experiment: Proportional vs. Mini Drift Tubes

    Hi all, I'm reading an article describing the D0 experiment at Fermilab during Run II. Proportional drift tubes and mini drift tubes were used to detect muons: can someone explain me the difference between these two kinds of drift tubes? Thanks Federica
  3. H

    B Looking for opinions on YouTube Fermilab videos

    I've come across a few different videos from this person and I'm curious if they are accurate enough to rely on.
  4. E

    Fermilab relativity energy problem

    Homework Statement This is why we build them as colliders now: Some years ago Fermilab used to extract its high energy proton beam for use by "fixed target" experiments situated at the ends of external beamlines a mile north of the Tevatron ring. The energy available for the production of...
  5. M

    Other CERN vs Fermilab: Which is Better for Theoretical Physicists?

    As a theoretical physicist, what is a better facility to work at? (based on the following criteria) Job stability Access to new research Freedom of work (Any field) Better colleagues Better Tech/Equipment Better pay (not that important)
  6. Fred Wright

    A CERN fails to confirm Fermilab tetraquark discovery-why?

    CERN recently announced (http://cds.cern.ch/record/2140095/) a null result for the X(5568) tetraquark which Fermilab has announced (http://arxiv.org/abs/1602.07588) it discovered with a statistical significance of 5.1sigma. This is very disturbing to me. Why is this? I am not an expert on...
  7. websterling

    I Fermilab announces new tetraquark state

    Nearly five years after the Tevatron was decommissioned the experimental collaborations are still analyzing data and today Fermilab announced that DZero discovers a new particle consistent with a tetraquark This candidate is different from previous discoveries in that it contains four...
  8. edguy99

    Quantum Field Theory intro with flying field disturbances

    Great youtube introduction video about Quantum Field Theory (QFT) from a couple of days ago by Dr Don Lincoln @fermilab. The video and description of a particle being a disturbance in a field and flying through the air at 3:25 is especially compelling.
  9. aztronut

    Neutrino Anti-Particle and Flavor Mass Hierarchy

    "Other experiments to test whether the neutrino is, weirdly, its own antiparticle may be feasible only if the hierarchy is inverted." Why? http://news.sciencemag.org/physics/2015/08/u-s-neutrino-experiments-first-result-tantalizes?utm_campaign=email-news-latest&utm_src=email
  10. T

    Fermilab summer Lee Teng Intership

    Hi, I applied to the Fermilab summer Lee Teng Intership. I have heard it is super competitive though. Does anyone know when should I hear back from them? Do they send an email or letter? Do they notify you if you are not accepted? Thanks for your support!
  11. B

    Fermilab Muon g-2: How Do Muons Form?

    I was reading about Fermilab moving their new storage ring to the Muon Campus for the Muon g-2 experiment. I was curious about how the produce the Muons. I understand that protons hit a graphite target producing pions that quickly decay into Muons. How much energy are is required? How much...
  12. N

    Top heavier than Higgs. Why not found at Fermilab?

    The title says it all. The top is heavier than the Higgs boson. In that case, why was the LHC needed to find the Higgs conclusively? (a related question is: how strong was the evidence for the Higgs from the Tevatron?) Is the answer simply a question of higher luminosity at the LHC?? Or is the...
  13. N

    Question about the shutdown of Tevatron last month at Fermilab National Lab

    The tevatron was shut september 30, 2011 at Fermilab National Laboratory. Basically the particle research is now done in CERN instead. This is bad news because I was planning to do an internship there for high energy physics. Does this mean that I shouldn't be applying for high energy physics...
  14. S

    Researching at Fermilab: Gradschool Admissions + Prestige

    So, I have an offer from the URochester REU to work on a project at Fermilab this summer, on the MINERvA neutrino experiments. The thing is, I'm much more interested in theory than experiment for particle physics. On the other hand, this is Fermilab. However, I was wondering whether or not...
  15. ZapperZ

    Mysterious Letter Sent To Fermilab

    So, did anyone here participated in trying to http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/chicago/chi-fermilab-code-both-11jul11,0,1755934.story" sent to Fermilab a few weeks ago? Zz.
  16. B

    So I just had my first day of work at Fermilab

    and it was AMAZING! :cool:
  17. B

    I Just Had an Interview at Fermilab

    I'm speechless, I had an interview this afternoon to work at Fermilab this summer. I pray that I get the job.
  18. jal

    Fermilab Statement on LHC Magnet Test Failure

    Everyone might have time to polish their theory. http://www.fnal.gov/pub/today/20070329_page01.html Fermilab Statement on LHC Magnet Test Failure