taxes Definition and Topics - 78 Discussions

A tax is a compulsory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed on a taxpayer (an individual or legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund government spending and various public expenditures. A failure to pay, along with evasion of or resistance to taxation, is punishable by law. Taxes consist of direct or indirect taxes and may be paid in money or as its labour equivalent. The first known taxation took place in Ancient Egypt around 3000–2800 BC.
Most countries have a tax system in place to pay for public, common, or agreed national needs and government functions. Some levy a flat percentage rate of taxation on personal annual income, but most scale taxes based on annual income amounts. Most countries charge a tax on an individual's income as well as on corporate income. Countries or subunits often also impose wealth taxes, inheritance taxes, estate taxes, gift taxes, property taxes, sales taxes, use taxes, payroll taxes and/or tariffs.
In economic terms, taxation transfers wealth from households or businesses to the government. This has effects that can both increase and reduce economic growth and economic welfare. Consequently, taxation is a highly debated topic.

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  1. bagasme

    Effects and Implications of 100% Income Tax Rate

    Hello all, Suppose that in a monopoly game (board game), a player passed through Go and receive $2000 as salary. Then he landed on Income Tax and he paid $2000 too. It means that he paid 100% tax rate, in other words he paid all of his salary only for the tax. What the effects and implications...
  2. C

    News Can Income Tax Rate Hikes Close the Deficit? (interesting article)

    AUTHOR: William Ahern, Director of Policy and Communications, The Tax Foundation Ed. Note: Our Fiscal Future has invited distinguished guest bloggers to share their views about how to get the nation on a sustainable fiscal path. The views presented are their own, and do not necessarily...
  3. sophiecentaur

    Medical Our genes, medical insurance and tax.

    Any insurance is, essentially, a gamble. Someone (a company) with more money than us is prepared to gamble, offering a huge stake (the payout) against our small stake (the premium). The Insurer works out the probability of a payout and calculates the premium that they want so that they make a...
  4. C

    News US Income tax rate

    I heard from a source I would usually consider reliable on this matter that the top US income tax rate was going to be increased from 35 to 39% (not this year but in a few). Is this true? I wasn't able to find anything online in a brief search.
  5. D

    Filing taxes as a student

    I am wondering if anyone here could provide some information about filing taxes as a student? It's my first year doing it, and I am wondering what tax breaks I am eligible for. I have been reading [PLAIN]"this"[/URL] but I'm not quite sure which items I benefit for and which will give me the...
  6. Ivan Seeking

    News Speaking as a business owner about taxes

    I wanted to address what I see as a fallacy in the argument against taxes on companies and corporations. As the the saying goes, if you tax companies, they will just pass along those costs to consumers. While that may be true in some cases, it is not always true. The fact is that I have to...
  7. edpell

    News Taxes what % of GND?

    What percentage of gross national product do we feel government should consume? And conversely what percentage should be left in the control of individuals? I would say that 10% for the federal level and 10% for the state level and 10% for all other levels would be reasonable. That is 30%...
  8. humanino

    News Taxing Banks for the Bailout

    Obama Calls for Bank Tax to Recoup Bailout I'd be interested to read people's opinion. I especially do not understand the following comment Thank you in advance for sharing thoughts.
  9. G

    Apartment with taxes

    I found an apartment cheaper than the one I'm currently in. Its around $500.00. I was just wondering if the tax rates for housing decreases with lower apartment costs -- do they? Also, what would the overall cost estimate to be (including taxes)?
  10. 0

    Actual After-Tax Rate of Return. [Engineering Economics]

    Greetings, I'm trying to solve a 3 part problem which has the following questions: a) Determine the rate of return before taxes. After Solving: Answer: 21 % b) If the effective income tax rate is 42 percent, what is the approximate after-tax rate of return? After Solving: Answer: 8 %...
  11. J

    News Dutch Tax Haven

    Who would have though that our "socialist" country would be labeled as such. http://crossroadsmag.eu/2009/05/netherlands-is-tax-haven-obama-says-dutch-government-astonished-at-tax-haven-branding/ [Broken] I am sure that this will be rectified soon.
  12. Ivan Seeking

    Associated Tax Relief

    So what is the deal with this? http://www.associatedtaxrelief.com/ On their commercials they show people who claim they had drastic reductions in their tax debt. One says that he owed over $130,000 and had his tax liability reduced by over $90,000. What's with that?!?!?! Can I just neglect...
  13. J

    News Thinking 'outside the mind' on taxes.

    http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/29298315" [Broken] He is one of the innocent Obama appointees. The idea here is that you put a gps in your car that records how many miles you've traveled. Then when you go to the gas station, they read the gsp and you pay based on the number of miles you have...
  14. T

    News The FairTax in place of income tax

    The "FairTax" in place of income tax First of all; I'm not interested in any sort of partisan quibbles as they often degenerate into arguments that go nowhere. People will subscribe to what they subscribe to... I'm just putting this out there to get your thoughts and perhaps to make you aware...
  15. Andre

    News No oil tax?

    Telegraph.co.uk Wondering what the relation is with the economic crisis.
  16. J

    Sales tax

    does anyone know the formula to back out sales tax from a gross total - I am an auditor and I need to back out sales tax ie: gross sales 50,859.18 - this total includes sales tax at 12.25% - i need the formula to back out the sales tax form the gross sales - ANy one know??
  17. Ivan Seeking

    The Obama Tax Calculator

    Estimate the change in your tax liability based on Obama's tax plan. http://alchemytoday.com/obamataxcut/ [Broken]
  18. Ivan Seeking

    News Churches to challenge tax exemption law - separation of church and state

    http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/09/08/politics/animal/main4424757.shtml
  19. P

    News Obama - tax free ?

    Obama -- tax free ? :cool: [coughing] He said he would cut down tax
  20. S

    How does one find the property tax rate for a certain area?

    A book I was reading advocated that anyone who was interested in buying land in a rural area find out how much the property taxes on the land are before buying any land. How does one find out what the property taxes will be for a given amount of land?
  21. B. Elliott

    News Obama's Global Tax Proposal $845 billion

    This is the last thing the US needs to be worrying about. When he said that he's wanting to better relations with other countries, how did I know that it would also end up costing the US money for these 'improved relations'? This man is going to tax us to death. Obama bill: $845 billion...
  22. E

    How does amazon avoid taxes?

    I've noticed that there is never any tax on anything I buy from Amazon. How is this possible?
  23. TheStatutoryApe

    News Tax on Income/Wealth and Fairness

    Have you been hitting the glass ****?! I live in the state with one of the highest minimum wages, highest state revenues, and the biggest economy in the union but I would be more than welcome to make half of what you consider 'middle class'. Even a quarter of it. I could live quite...
  24. G

    What are you going to do with your tax rebate check?

    Got my $600 Bush "economic stimulus" check yesterday. Spent it already on paying off my credit card. The rest is going to be used to buy gas and food. What are you buying with yours?
  25. Evo

    Tax rebates to arrive earlier than expected!

    Woohoo, according to this, my check will be direct deposited into my bank account before May 5th. :approve: (I took the direct deposit option). The link has a schedule of dates. http://www.savvysugar.com/1576586
  26. Ivan Seeking

    News Taxes: Where your money goes

    http://www.thirdway.org/data/product/file/129/Third_Way_-_What_You_Paid_For_Memo.pdf [Broken] I thought this was particularly interesting as it breaks down the US budget in terms of the dollar per item per household. It is often quite striking when one compares the amount spent on various...
  27. C

    Sales tax formula

    Hi everyone, Homework Statement A child is surprised that she must pay $1.40 for a toy marked $1.25 because of sales tax. What is the effective tax rate on this purchase? Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution I know that the difference between the two is .15. I could...
  28. E

    News Should We Impose the Tax on the Producer or Consumer? Employer or Employee?

    The question of who to "place" a tax on is often brought up in policy debates. For example, people often ask, "Should we impose the tax on the producer or consumer?" or "Should we impose the tax on the employer or employee?" In reality, this is pretty much a trivial question, because in...
  29. E

    News Anyone Heard of Tax Competition?

    This was a first for me (although the concept is not new). Here's a video on Tax Competition:
  30. wolram

    Earnings v Tax

    Do you know what your actual spending power is ? If you earn $1000 a month deduct all the taxes, fuel, purchase, income, etc, etc.
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