# What is Trig substitution: Definition and 117 Discussions

In mathematics, trigonometric substitution is the substitution of trigonometric functions for other expressions. In calculus, trigonometric substitution is a technique for evaluating integrals. Moreover, one may use the trigonometric identities to simplify certain integrals containing radical expressions. Like other methods of integration by substitution, when evaluating a definite integral, it may be simpler to completely deduce the antiderivative before applying the boundaries of integration.

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9. ### MHB Integral using trig substitution

I have $$\int_{}^{} \frac{1}{\sqrt{1 - x^2}} \,dx$$ I can let $x = \sin\left({\theta}\right)$ then $dx = cos(\theta) d\theta$ then: $$\int_{}^{} \frac{cos(\theta) d\theta}{\sqrt{1 - (\sin\left({\theta}\right))^2}}$$ Using the trig identity $1 - sin^2\theta = cos^2\theta$, I can simplify...
10. ### Trig Substitution Problem w/ tan substitution

Homework Statement Under #3 Homework Equations Trig identities The Attempt at a Solution The picture attached is my attempt. The square in the upper upper left is the problem and the one in the lower right is my solution. I'm seeing that I'm getting the wrong answer, but not how.
11. ### Integral of dn/(n^2 - 4) using trig substitution with sine

Homework Statement \int_{}^{∞} \frac{1}{n^2 - 4} dn Homework Equations I'm trying to do this a way that it isn't usually done. Normally this is done with partial fractions. I'm trying to do it by using trig substitution using sine, which requires some algebraic manipulation. For some reason...

46. ### Small trig substitution problem.

Homework Statement I was working on a problem set involving greens theorem and I came across this peculiar trig substitution. I was just wondering how it came about as I couldn't find anything like it on Wikipedia's page. sin^4(t)cos^2(t) + cos^4(t) sin^2(t) = cos^2(t)sin^2(t) The...
47. ### Integral involving trig substitution

Hello, I am trying to integrate 1/(x^2-1). Apparently this can be solved by using trig substitution involving tan ? Can someone please help me to understand how to go about it. Thanks kindly for any help.
48. ### Tricky Integration with Trig Substitution

Homework Statement Evaluate. \int(4-y)\sqrt{4-y^{2}}dy I have the solution using CAS software here: 2y\sqrt{4-y^{2}}+8sin^{-1}\frac{y}{2}+\frac{1}{3}(4-y^{2})^{3/2} but I need to do this by hand. I have researched the usual trig methods but am having some difficulty. Can...
49. ### Trig substitution: integrate sqrt(16+x^2) over x

Homework Statement \int\frac{\sqrt{16+x^{2}}}{x} Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution set x=4tant dx=4sec^{2}t dt so after plugging in and using a quick trig identity I get: \int\frac{16(sec^{2}t)*4sec^{2}t dt}{4tant} Then after a quick cleanup: 16*\int...
50. ### Trig substitution integral (I hope)

Homework Statement I got to a place in a problem where I need to do a sticky integral, and I'm hoping I can use a trig substitution. If not, I will need to solve the main problem another way :( \int_0^\infty \sqrt{1+(e^{-\theta })^2} \; \mathrm{d} \theta Homework Equations 1+\tan ^2...