What is Army: Definition and 42 Discussions

An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" [feminine]), ground force or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land. In the broadest sense, it is the land-based military branch, service branch or armed service of a nation or state. It may also include aviation assets by possessing an army aviation component. Within a national military force, the word army may also mean a field army.
In some countries, such as France and China, the term "army", especially in its plural form "armies", has the broader meaning of armed forces as a whole, while retaining the colloquial sense of land forces. To differentiate the colloquial army from the formal concept of military force, the term is qualified, for example in France the land force is called Armée de terre, meaning Land Army, and the air and space force is called Armée de l'Air et de l’Espace, meaning Air and Space Army. The naval force, although not using the term "army", is also included in the broad sense of the term "armies" — thus the French Navy is an integral component of the collective French Armies (French Armed Forces) under the Ministry of the Armies. A similar pattern is seen in China, with the People's Liberation Army (PLA) being the overall military, the land force being the PLA Ground Force, and so forth for the PLA Air Force, the PLA Navy, and other branches.

By convention, irregular military is understood in contrast to regular armies which grew slowly from personal bodyguards or elite militia. Regular in this case refers to standardized doctrines, uniforms, organizations, etc. Regular military can also refer to full-time status (standing army), versus reserve or part-time personnel. Other distinctions may separate statutory forces (established under laws such as the National Defence Act), from de facto "non-statutory" forces such as some guerrilla and revolutionary armies. Armies may also be expeditionary (designed for overseas or international deployment) or fencible (designed for – or restricted to – homeland defence).

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  1. S

    Fingernail not tough enough for opening tools on a Swiss Army Knife

    Is any tool available for a person to use instead of putting their weak finger nail into the groove of one of the functions of a swiss army knife or victorinox knife in order to open that function? Some of our nails are just not tough enough to put into those grooves to pull the function out...
  2. Heroguy82

    Physics ROTC along with Physics major?

    Hello everyone! My name is Tim and I am going to be a junior physics major this upcoming fall of 2018. I started college in fall of 2014 as a physics major at a junior college and joined the army national guard in the spring of 2015. I went to basic that fall and missed an entire year of school...
  3. TheFlyingGandalf

    Physics A few questions about a theoretical physicist career

    Hello, I'm Michael, am 17 and uncertain about my future (as I'm sure anyone my age is). you see, I aim to be a theoretical physicist in the future and I am worried a bit: Yes, I know, you shouldn't pick a job just for the money, but I do worry about how much does a theoretical physicist make. do...
  4. GadgetStrutter

    Joining the Canadian Air Forces + Get Paid for Physics

    Hello everybody, this is my first post on here. I'd like to make my entrance by asking a question that's very important to me. I would like to ask what it's like to get your University PhD in Physics paid for by the Canadian Air Forces. I've been asking a lot of people, but I thought its time to...
  5. C

    Writing: Input Wanted Designing drone army defence for a loosely populated planet

    Setting info - take it as granted. Strategy - treat it as an open issue, if you see an alternative solution, please suggest it. Setting - natural conditions Planet to defend - Earthlike, tidal locked around red dwarf, water world, cold, 3 atm Main weakness point - gates - that allow...
  6. TNesher

    Why are the words corps and corpse so similar?

    Hi, I was just wondering, is there a reason why the word corps (a branch of a military organization assigned to a particular kind of work) and corpse (a dead body, especially of a human being) are sounding so similar?
  7. A

    Velocity and acceleration of an army tank

    Homework Statement An army tank on a mountainside fires its gun horizontally. The shell strikes the ground at a horizontal distance of 6000 m away from the tank. As the vertical component of the shell’s striking velocity is vy=200 m/s, how soon after it is fired does the shell strike the...
  8. G

    Unconventional Strategies for Defeating a Robotic Army in Urban Warfare

    I'm planning a semi-hard SF (around Mohs scale 4). I wonder, what can be the weaknesses of a robotic army? That enables to defeat it in urban warfare, by rebel groups, who managed to access some unexpected cutting edge technology, and some support from regular armies. So far, my ideas ...
  9. Greg Bernhardt

    News Egypt Army gives Morsi a 48hr ultimatum

    Yikes, things are heating back up in Egypt. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/07/01/us-egypt-protests-idUSBRE95Q0NO20130701
  10. H

    Schools Graduate school after the Army

    Hello, I am currently getting out of the army after six years as an officer in the infantry. I would like to go back to graduate school for my Ph.D. in CSE. I have a BSEE with heavy coursework in CSE from the University of Washington. I am just wondering how difficult admissions will be to...
  11. I

    News Should religious beliefs determine military duties?

    I am a bit baffled by this, but there is a doctor in the US Army who refuses to complete his duties without "proof" that Barak Obama was born in the USA. This man is a colonel. Isn't this madness? http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-503544_162-20002577-503544.html Can anyone explain this to me? Is...
  12. M

    Physics Should I Pursue Physics or Join the Army?

    I'm 17, a junior at SAR HS. I am looking forward to a career in physics. This has been my dream for years. I excel at it in my class and am involved in various science and math activities in school and out of school. I am also an Israeli citizen, which means I get a draft notice to join the...
  13. J

    Korean Salvation Army: Charity Fraud or Not?

    Korean Salvation Army have spent somewhat 50 milion US dollars, to build their own building, (that is only a expense for construction, not including price of land which is very expensive) The donor must give money to salvation army for purpose of charity. but they use that money for their...
  14. L

    Norwegian army says hijab is OK

    http://aftenbladet.no/lokalt/761856/Faar_bruke_hijab_til_uniformen.html Looks stupid IMO
  15. russ_watters

    Go Navy! Beat Army!Navy Fans: Cheer for Victory Over Army!

    I know no one but me cares, but whatever. This was funny though, I found it posted on foxsports.com's message board:
  16. Ivan Seeking

    Walter Reed Middle School or Army Hospital?

    This is too funny! It is like comedy central today. http://blog.wired.com/27bstroke6/2008/09/john-mccain-acc.html Edit: The McCain camp now says that it was just supposed to be a photo of Americana - a school and flag - and not Walter Reed Medical.
  17. F

    British army officer leaves laptop at pub

    http://www.upi.com/NewsTrack/Top_News/2008/02/12/british_army_officer_leaves_laptop_at_pub/2351/ As a Canadian I can't really point & laugh. Back in the 1980s Canada's minister of defence took a big folder full of sensitive NATO documents with him to a strip club in Germany. (at least he...
  18. Andre

    Is Al Gore's Climate Project a Propaganda Army for His Political Agenda?

    http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-04-24-gore-trainees_N.htm Similar activities have been observed around 1790 prior to the French revolution, around 1916 prior to the Russian revolution, around 1933, prior to the German "revolution" well sort of. Remember,
  19. wolram

    Unearthed English Terracotta Army by Hadrian's Wall

    Unearthed by Hadrians wall Northumberland, dozens of minature warriors the size of action men have been found along with a partiially legible latin plaque, the inscription bears all the hall marks of Nero Nesttenus, a renowned minaturist sculpter, it seems it is possible that Emperor Hadrian...
  20. edward

    News Army is planning to maintain current U.S. troop levels in Iraq until 2010

    I hope they have a plan to get our troops out of there if necessary.:rolleyes: They are asking too much from too few for too long. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15220816/
  21. Ivan Seeking

    History The US Army Camel Corps and other notable camels in US history

  22. R

    News Pentagon erases Geneva rule from Army field manual

    In rewriting the field manual, the Pentagon has apparently decided to remove language referring to certain 3rd Geneval Convention provisions for human rights in treatment of prisoners of war. The core instructions for Army interrogators will thus no longer include certain provisions explicitly...
  23. Ivan Seeking

    Pentagon plans cyber-insect army

  24. S

    News Army to Launch Probe Into Tillman Death

    http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/03/04/AR2006030400860.html It's been two years why they just starting to lanuch a crimnal investegation? I don't watch football.But I'am kind of intersted to see what if it was propous what was the motive.
  25. Ivan Seeking

    US Army Bids Farewell to Last MASH Unit in Pakistan

  26. Pengwuino

    News Army General in Iraq rebuffs calls for pull-out

    http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/11/16/AR2005111601427.html Looks like one again, the democrats are trying to fight our military and demanding a surrender. Do we listen to politicians or our men and women fighting for freedoms you take for granted?
  27. A

    News What are the living conditions and pay for privates in the US Marine Corps?

    I was very surprised to see on the BBCs website that privates in the US marines only get paid $1,023 per month. Is this a typo or are America's fighting elite really paid so badly? http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/world/02/military_fact_files/v3_special_forces/html/pay.stm Anyone know...
  28. T

    Pengwuino is the commander of the Norwegian Army?

    Pengwuino is the commander of the Norwegian Army? http://www.funpic.hu/en.picview.php?id=25417&c=2&s=dd&p=1
  29. T

    US Army FPS: Challenge Yourself and Play for Free!

    This is probably one of the best FPS out there. Developed by the US Army, highly challenging, requires some strategy, teamwork and it's FREE! And now back to my so-called life...
  30. Ivan Seeking

    Penguin Named Colonel In Norwegian Army

    http://images.ibsys.com/2005/0818/4866154_200X150.jpg http://www.nbc10.com/news/4866202/detail.html I'm thinking that they really need a draft.
  31. edward

    News Army buys AK 47's From Chinese company

    WASHINGTON - The U.S. Army has approved the purchase of more than $29 million worth of weapons for the new Iraqi army from a Chinese state-owned company that's under indictment in California in connection with the smuggling of 2,000 AK-47 automatic rifles into the United States in 1996...
  32. B

    Russian army march in front of Putin and George Bush

    I remember watching the BBC news seeing a sickle and a hammer in a Russian army march in front of Putin and George Bush. My question is: Is the russian Flag the red, blue and white stripes? OR is there something I'm not aware of?
  33. F

    News US army admits to violating geneva convention

    "There is evidence that suggests the 311th MI personnel and/or translators engaged in physical torture of the detainees," a memo from the investigator said. The January 2004 report said the prisoners' rights under the Geneva Conventions were violated. ... According to the report, the abuse...
  34. JasonRox

    Who built forts or played army as kids?

    I know I did. We built new forts, like every other month. We constantly improved everything. Our forts were entirely built out of stuff in the forest. We used things like long grass or hay for string. We also played army too. That was fun because it was quite serious with ranks and...
  35. Ivan Seeking

    News US Army at a Breaking Point: FRONTLINE & The Washington Post Investigate

    Times showing, transcripts, online video http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/
  36. wasteofo2

    News It's not like 50 yr. olds who were in the army 20 years ago are being forced to war.

    My mom works as a Physical Therapist at a children's hospital. The head pharmacist at the hospital was in the Army Reserves, and completed his required duty over 20 years ago, he's now in his early 50's. He just recently was called up for duty and sent an email to everyone at the hospital saying...
  37. Ivan Seeking

    Army rations rehydrated by urine

    http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99996185 Eat up boys! :yuck:
  38. K

    How has your transition from the army to civilian life been?

    After a year I have been released to reserve and I'm now a free man. It's been unbelievable. The experience was a hell, but it was worth it. From hot days of july to cold winter (+30C -> -30C). I lost weight from 85 kg's to 68 kg's and I'm 180 cm tall. I could cry now :cry: Now I'm...
  39. T

    Can Isoamyl Acetate Create a Bee Army?

    Hi. My class had done an experiment synthesizing isoamyl acetate, but MY class didn't actually get to do it. haa. You see the other classes in the same section did it but the power went out and we weren't able to do it. Anyways, that's enough fro mr. pointless. SO, as I recall from the outline...
  40. C

    When the Army Owns the Weather

    The following is from http://www.alternet.org/story.html?StoryID=12342 When the Army Owns the Weather By Bob Fitrakis, Columbus Alive February 5, 2002 Humans have long sought to control the weather. Early people learned how to make fire and modify their micro-environments; rain...
  41. Ivan Seeking

    What is the Army of Extreme Thinkers?

    " Over the past half-century, an obscure Pentagon group, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, has been behind some of the world's most revolutionary inventions -- the Internet, the global positioning system, stealth technology and the computer mouse, to name a few."...
  42. E

    What makes Clint Eastwood the ultimate one-man army in The Unforgiven?

    [SOLVED] One-Man Army Movies What is your favorite one-man army movie? I think mine would have to be Rambo: First Blood Part II. You know, the one where he invades a POW/MIA, post-war, Vietnamese concentration camp sporting a red bandana and single-handedly firing a two-man bazooka...