Curl Definition and 25 Discussions

cURL (pronounced 'curl') is a computer software project providing a library (libcurl) and command-line tool (curl) for transferring data using various network protocols. The name stands for "Client URL", which was first released in 1997.

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  1. A

    How to observe if a vector field has curl or not?

    These are the vector fields. I really have no idea how to see if there is a curl or not. I have been looking at the rotation of the vector fields. The fields d and e seem to have some rotation or circular paths, but I read online that curl is not about the rotation of the vector field itself...
  2. S

    Physics History (Maxwell) Rotary Vectors?

    I am reading the text 'Innovations in Maxwell's Electromagnetic Theory'. on page 44 there is a discussion on Ampere's circuital law . The passage is below. I don't understand the final statement. "In general represent a kind of relationship that obtains between certain pairs of phenomena , of...
  3. brotherbobby

    Vector potential ##\vec A## in terms of magnetic field ##\vec B##

    My solution is making an analogy of the ##\text{Relevant equations}## as shown above, starting from the equation ##\vec \omega = \frac{1}{2} \vec \nabla \times \vec v##. We have ##\vec B = \vec \nabla \times \vec A = \frac{1}{2} \vec \nabla \times 2\vec A \Rightarrow 2\vec A = \vec B \times...
  4. Adesh

    How to find the curl of a vector field which points in the theta direction?

    I have a vector field which is originallly written as $$ \mathbf A = \frac{\mu_0~n~I~r}{2} ~\hat \phi$$ and I translated it like this $$\mathbf A = 0 ~\hat{r},~~ \frac{\mu_0 ~n~I~r}{2} ~\hat{\phi} , ~~0 ~\hat{\theta}$$ (##r## is the distance from origin, ##\phi## is azimuthal angle and...
  5. J

    Vector Cross Product With Its Curl

    Starting with LHS: êi εijk Aj (∇xA)k êi εijk εlmk Aj (d/dxl) Am (δil δjm - δim δjl) Aj (d/dxl) Am êi δil δjm Aj (d/dxl) Am êi - δim δjl Aj (d/dxl) Am êi Aj (d/dxi) Aj êi - Aj (d/dxj) Ai êi At this point, the LHS should equal the RHS in the problem statement, but I have no clue where...
  6. TheBigDig

    Magnetic field of vector potential

    So I was able to do out the curl in the i and j direction and got 3xz/r5 and 3yz/r5 as expected. However, when I do out the last curl, I do not get 3z2-3r2. I get the following \frac{\partial}{\partial x} \frac{x}{(x^2+y^2+z^2)^\frac{3}{2}} = \frac{-2x^2+y^2+z^2}{(x^2+y^2+z^2)^\frac{5}{2}}...
  7. C

    A Angular Moment Operator Vector Identity Question

    In my EM class, this vector identity for the angular momentum operator (without the ##i##) was stated without proof. Is there anywhere I can look to to actually find a good example/proof on how this works? This is in spherical coordinates, and I can't seem to find this vector identity anywhere...
  8. B

    Magnetic Dipole Field from a Loop of Wire

    I am trying to understand the magnetic dipole field via loop of wire. The above pictures show how this problem is typically setup and how the field lines are typically shown. The math is messy but every textbook yields the following: β = ∇xA = (m / (4⋅π⋅R3)) ⋅ (2⋅cos(θ) r + sin(θ) θ) The...
  9. Remixex

    About Nabla and index notation

    Homework Statement Can I, for all purposes, say that Nabla, on index notation, is $$\partial_i e_i$$ and treat it like a vector when calculating curl, divergence or gradient? For example, saying that $$\nabla \times \vec{V} = \partial_i \hat{e}_i \times V_j \hat{e}_j = \partial_i V_j (\hat{e}_i...
  10. Dave-o

    Evaluate: ∇(∇ . r(hat)/r) where r is a position vector

    Homework Statement ∇ . r = 3, ∇ x r = 0 Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution So far I've gotten up to ∇(∇^2 r)
  11. G

    I Why does curl converge?

    This is more of an intuitive question than anything else: the curl of a vector field \mathbf{F} , \nabla \times \mathbf{F} is defined by (\nabla \times \mathbf{F})\cdot \mathbf{\hat{n}} = \lim_{a \to 0} \frac{\int_{C} \mathbf{F}\cdot d\mathbf{s}}{a} Where the integral is taken around a...
  12. T

    A How can curl of 4-vector or 6-vector be writen?

    How can a curl of 4-vector or 6-vector be writen? Let's say that we have a 4-vector A4=(a1,a2,a3,a4) how can we write in details the ∇×A4 Can we follow the same procedure for 6-vector?
  13. Remixex

    Please help me understand this equation

    Homework Statement $$\bar{v}=\nabla \times \psi \hat{k}$$ The problem is much bigger, i know how a rotor or curl is calculated in cylindrical coordinates, but I'm just asking to see what would be the "determinant" rule for this specific curl. Homework Equations $$\psi$$ is in cylindrical...
  14. Jezza

    Div and curl in other coordinate systems

    My question is mostly about notation. I know the general definitions for divergence and curl, which can be derived from the divergence and Stokes' theorems respectively, are: \mathrm{div } \vec{E} \bigg| _P = \lim_{\Delta V \to 0} \frac{1}{\Delta V} \iint_{S} \vec{E} \cdot \mathrm{d} \vec{S}...
  15. A

    Nonconservative Force

    I not understand because why if I have a (constant) force of friction and I apply the curl, I finding that this not is equal to zero, since this force is non conservative.
  16. Titan97

    Meaning of Curl from stokes' theorem

    Divergence can be defined as the net outward flux per unit volume and can be explained using Gauss' theorem. (I read this in Feynman lectures Vol. 2) In the next page, He derives Stokes' theorem using small squares. The left side of equation represents the total circulation of a vector...
  17. Titan97

    Definition of curl

    In a river, water flows faster in the middle and slower near the banks of the river and hence, if I placed a twig, it would rotate and hence, the vector field has non-zero Curl. Curl{v}=∇×v But I am finding it difficult to interpret the above expression geometrically. In scalar fields, the...
  18. Titan97

    Geometrical meaning of Curl(Gradient(T))=0

    What is the geometrical meaning of ##\nabla\times\nabla T=0##? The gradient of T(x,y,z) gives the direction of maximum increase of T. The Curl gives information about how much T curls around a given point. So the equation says "gradient of T at a point P does not Curl around P. To know about...
  19. SquidgyGuff

    Stoke's and Gauss's Theorum in proving div(curlA)=0

    Homework Statement The problem puts forth and identity for me to prove: or . It says that I can use "straight-forward" calculation to solve this using the definition of nabla or I can use Gauss's and Stoke's Theorum on an example in which I have a solid 3D shape nearly cut in two by a curve...
  20. P

    Curl of the vector potential produced by a solenoid

    Homework Statement / Homework Equations[/B] I was looking at Example 5.12 in Griffiths ( and I can't manage to work out how to verify that the curl of the vector potential, A, is equal to the magnetic field, B. I believe my problem lies in confusion about how...
  21. S

    Intuitive interpretation of some vector-dif-calc identities

    Dear All, I am studying electrodynamics and I am trying hard to clearly understand each and every formula. By "understand" I mean that I can "truly see its meaning in front of my eyes". Generally, I am not satisfied only by being able to prove or derive certain formula algebraically; I want to...
  22. N

    Taking the time derivative of a curl

    Is the time derivative of a curl commutative? I think I may have answered this question... Only the partial time derivative of a curl is commutative? The total time derivative is not, since for example in cartesian coordinates, x,y,and z can themselves be functions of time. In spherical and...
  23. S

    Prove that curl of a vector is a vector

    Homework Statement Proove it Iam supposed to change coordinate system, and proove that the result depends on coordinate system. The Attempt at a Solution My attempt was to start from definition of cross product using levicivita. I already prooved that divergence of a vector is a scalar. But...
  24. S

    Finding Beltrami field in Cartesian coordinates

    Homework Statement Working in Cartesian coordinates (x,y,z) and given that the function g is independent of x, find the functions f and g such that: v=coszi+f(x,y,z)j+g(y,z)k is a Beltrami field. Homework Equations From wolfram alpha a Beltrami field is defined as v x (curl v)=0 The Attempt...
  25. A

    Curl of a function and vector field

    Hello, I'm having some difficulty with a conceptual question on a practice test I was using to study. I have the answer but not the solution unfortunately. 1. Homework Statement "For every differentiable function f = f(x,y,z) and differentiable 3-dimensional vector field F=F(x,y,z), the...