# spherical coordinates

1. ### Setup for Spherical Astronomy Problem

My apologies for not detailing my attempts at a solution; I'm not sure how to to digitally illustrate or describe the various setups I attempted before looking at the solution to this problem. I am also ONLY asking about the setup, though I included the full question for context. The solution to...
2. ### I Converting from spherical to cylindrical coordinates

I have the coordinates of a hurricane at a particular point defined on the surface of a sphere i.e. longitude and latitude. Now I want to transform these coordinates into a axisymmetric representation cylindrical coordinate i.e. radial and azimuth angle. Is there a way to do the mathematical...
3. ### A How to find the displacement vector in Spherical coordinate

Is there a way of subtracting two vectors in spherical coordinate system without first having to convert them to Cartesian or other forms? Since I have already searched and found the difference between Two Vectors in Spherical Coordinates as...
4. ### Self adjoint operators in spherical polar coordinates

Hi, I have a general question. How do I show that an operator expressed in spherical coordinates is self adjoint ? e.g. suppose i have the operator i ∂/∂ϕ. If the operator was a function of x I know exactly what to do, just check <ψ|Qψ>=<Qψ|ψ> But what about dr, dphi and d theta
5. ### Question about Spherical Metric and Approximations

1. Homework Statement This is Problem 2 from Chapter 1, Section V of A. Zee's Einstein Gravity in a Nutshell. Zee asks us to imagine a colony of "eskimo mites" that live at the north pole. The geometers of the colony have measured the following metric of their world to second order (with the...
6. ### Laplacian in spherical coordinates

1. Homework Statement Hello at all! I have to calculate total energy for a nucleons system by equation: $E_{tot}=\frac{1}{2}\sum_j(t_{jj}+\epsilon_j)$ with $\epsilon_j$ eigenvalues and: $t_{jj}=\int \psi_j^*(\frac{\hbar^2}{2m}\triangledown^2)\psi_j dr$ My question is: if I'm in...
7. L

### How to calculate the dipole moment of the spherical shell?

1. Homework Statement A spherical shell of radius R has a surface charge distribution σ = k sinφ. Calculate the dipole moment of the spherical shell. 2. Homework Equations P' = ∫r' σ(r') da' 3. The Attempt at a Solution So I believe my dipole will be directed along the y axis, as the...
8. ### Spherical Integral with abs value in limits

1. Homework Statement This has been driving me crazy I can't for the life of me figure out how to convert the limits of this integral into spherical coordinates because there is an absolute value in the limits and i'm absolutely clueless as to what to do with with. 2. Homework Equations...
9. ### Finding the Electric Field given the potential in spherical

1. Homework Statement The problem statement is in the attachment 2. Homework Equations E = -∇φ ∇ = (∂φ/∂r)er 3. The Attempt at a Solution I am confused about how to do the derivative apparently because the way I do it gives E = - (∂[p*r/4πε0r3]/∂r)er = 3*(p*r)/4πε0r4er
10. ### I Position vector in spherical coordinates

Is the position vector r=xi+yj+zk just r=rerin spherical coordinates?
11. ### I How to write the unit vector for the spherical coordinates

So I'm reading the Schaum's outlines while trying to prepare for a big test I have in September. And I'm trying to understand something here that maybe someone can offer some clarification and guidance. So, using Coulomb's Law, we can find the electric field as follows: dE...
12. ### A Transforming Spin Matrices (Sx, Sy, Sz) to a Spherical Basis

Say I have {S_{x}=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\left(\begin{array}{ccc} 0 & 1 & 0\\ 1 & 0 & 1\\ 0 & 1 & 0\\ \end{array}\right)} Right now, this spin operator is in the Cartesian basis. I want to transform it into the spherical basis. Since, {\vec{S}} acts like a vector I think that I only need to...
13. ### I Spherical coordinates via a rotation matrix

First, I'd like to say I apologize if my formatting is off! I am trying to figure out how to do all of this on here, so please bear with me! So I was watching this video on spherical coordinates via a rotation matrix: and in the end, he gets: x = \rho * sin(\theta) * sin(\phi) y = \rho*...
14. ### Volume enclosed by two spheres using spherical coordinates

1. Homework Statement Use spherical coordinates to find the volume of the solid enclosed between the spheres $$x^2+y^2+z^2=4$$ and $$x^2+y^2+z^2=4z$$ 2. Homework Equations $$z=\rho cos\phi$$ $$\rho^2=x^2+y^2+z^2$$ $$dxdydz = \rho^2sin\phi d\rho d\phi d\theta$$ 3. The Attempt at a Solution...
15. ### A sphere with a hole through it (a triple integral).

1. Homework Statement A sphere has a diameter of $D = 2\rho = 4cm$. A cylindrical hole with a diameter of $d = 2R = 2 cm$ is bored through the center of the sphere. Calculate the volume of the remaining solid. (Spherical or cylindrical coordinates?) hint: Place the shape into a convenient...
16. ### A Ellipse of transformation from spherical to cartesian

Hi, I have to resample images taken from camera, whose target is a spherical object, onto a regular grid of 2 spherical coordinates: the polar and azimutal angles (θ, Φ). For best accuracy, I need to be aware of, and visualise, the "footprints" of the small angle differences onto the original...
17. ### Defining rho in spherical coordinates for strange shapes?

1. Homework Statement The problem asks for a single triple integral (the integrand may be a sum but there must be a single definition for the bounds of the integral) representing the volume (in the first octant) of the shell defined by a sphere of radius 2 centered around the origin and a...
18. ### Variable separation - Schrödinger equation

Hello everybody, My question is about variable separation applied in the solution of general time-independent Schrodinger equation, expressed with spherical coordinates as: \hat{H} \psi (r,\theta,\phi) = E \psi (r,\theta,\phi) Is it always possible (theoretically) to seek a solution such as...
19. ### A Separating the Dirac Delta function in spherical coordinates

The following integral arises in the calculation of the new density of a non-uniform elastic medium under stress: ∫dx ρ(r,θ)δ(x+u(x)-x') where ρ is a known mass density and u = ru_r+θu_θ a known vector function of spherical coordinates (r,θ) (no azimuthal dependence). How should the Dirac...
20. ### Coordinate transformation from spherical to rectangular

Iam having trouble understanding how one arrives at the transformation matrix for spherical to rectangular coordinates. I understand till getting the (x,y,z) from (r,th ie., z = rcos@ y = rsin@sin# x = rsin@cos# Note: @ - theta (vertical angle) # - phi (horizontal angle) Please show me how...
21. ### Velocity in spherical polar coordinates

I am looking at this derivation of velocity in spherical polar coordinates and I am confused by the definition of r, theta and phi. http://www.usna.edu/Users/math/rmm/SphericalCoordinates.pdf [Broken] I thought phi was the co latitude in the r,θ,∅ system and not the latitude. Of course the two...
22. ### Laplace equation in spherical coordinates

1. Homework Statement Solve the Laplace equation inside a sphere, with the boundary condition: $$u(3,\theta,\phi) = \sin(\theta) \cos(\theta)^2 \sin(\phi)$$ 2. Homework Equations \sum^{\infty}_{l=0} \sum^{m}_{m=0} (A_lr^l + B_lr^{-l -1})P_l^m(\cos...
23. ### A circle in a non-euclidean geometry

1. Homework Statement Consider a universe described by the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker metric which describes an open, closed, or at universe, depending on the value of k: $$ds^2=a^2(t)[\frac{dr^2}{1-kr^2}+r^2(d\theta^2+sin^2\theta d\phi^2)]$$ This problem will involve only the geometry of space...
24. ### Spherical coordinates path integral and stokes theorem

1. Homework Statement 2. Homework Equations The path integral equation, Stokes Theorem, the curl 3. The Attempt at a Solution sorry to put it in like this but it seemed easier than typing it all out. I have a couple of questions regarding this problem that I hope can be answered...
25. ### Transform from Magnitude of P to R

Hi everyone! How do I transform Momentum to Position in spherical coordinates? Sincerely, Thinker301
26. ### Solving Laplace's equation in spherical coordinates

The angular equation: $\frac{d}{d\theta}(\sin\theta\,\frac{d\Theta}{d\theta})=-l(l+1)\sin\theta\,\Theta$ Right now, $l$ can be any number. The solutions are Legendre polynomials in the variable $\cos\theta$: $\Theta(\theta)=P_l(\cos\theta)$, where $l$ is a non-negative integer...
27. ### Maxwell-Boltzmann Spherical Cap

1. Homework Statement An ideal gas satisfying the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution is leaking from a container of the volume V through a circular hole of area A'. The gas is kept in the container under pressure P and temperature T. The initial number density (concentration) is given by n0=N/V...
28. ### Spiralling around the Earth

1. Homework Statement An airplane flies from the North Pole to the South Pole, following a winding trajectory. Place the center of the Earth at the origin of your coordinate system, and align the south-to-north axis of the Earth with your z axis. The pilot’s trajectory can then be described as...
29. ### Derive grad T in spherical coordinates

1. Homework Statement $x=r\sin\theta\cos\phi,\,\,\,\,\,y=r\sin\theta\sin\phi,\,\,\,\,\,z=r\cos\theta$ $\hat{x}=\sin\theta\cos\phi\,\hat{r}+\cos\theta\cos\phi\,\hat{\theta}-\sin\phi\,\hat{\phi}$ $\hat{y}=\sin\theta\sin\phi\,\hat{r}+\cos\theta\sin\phi\,\hat{\theta}+\cos\phi\,\hat{\phi}$...
30. ### Spherical trilateration

Hi I am looking for an equation of intersection of 3 circles or 3 spheres, on the surface of the fourth (central) sphere, in a spherical coordinate circle. This should really be just a simple trilateration problem. I know this is usually done by transforming the spherical coordinate system to...