What is Singular points: Definition and 38 Discussions
In the mathematical field of algebraic geometry, a singular point of an algebraic variety V is a point P that is 'special' (so, singular), in the geometric sense that at this point the tangent space at the variety may not be regularly defined. In case of varieties defined over the reals, this notion generalizes the notion of local non-flatness. A point of an algebraic variety which is not singular is said to be regular. An algebraic variety which has no singular point is said to be non-singular or smooth.
I'm not quite sure if this is an appropriate question in this forum, but here is the situation.
I have just finished my graduate studies. Now, I want to explore algebraic geometry. Precisely, I am interested in the following topics:
Singular points of algebraic curves;
General methods employed...
When The denominator is checked, the poles seem to be at Sin(πz²)=0, Which means πz²=nπ ⇒z=√n for (n=0,±1,±2...)
but in the solution of this problem, it says that, for n=0 it would be simple pole since in the Laurent expansion of (z∕Sin(πz²)) about z=0 contains the highest negative power to be...
Homework Statement
Give an example of a non-linear discrete-time system of the form
x1(k + 1) = f1(x1(k), x2(k))
x2(k + 1) = f2(x1(k), x2(k))
With precisely four singular points, two of which are unstable, and two other singular points which are asymptotically stable.
Homework Equations
J =...
Hi. I have 2 questions regarding removable singular points.
1 - the residue at a removable singularity is always zero so by the residue theorem the integral around a closed simple contour is zero. Cauchy's theorem states the integral around a simple closed contour for an analytic function is...
Homework Statement
If d^2/dx^2 + ln(x)y = 0[/B]Homework Equations
included in attempt
The Attempt at a Solution
I was confused as to whether I include the power series for ln(x) in the solution. It makes comparing coefficients very nasty though.
Whenever I expand for m=0 for the a0 I end...
Homework Statement
Given the differential equation
(\sin x)y'' + xy' + (x - \frac{1}{2})y = 0
a) Determine all the regular singular points of the equation
b) Determine the indicial equation corresponding to each regular point
c) Determine the form of the two linearly independent solutions...
what is the nature of singularity of the function f(x)=exp(-1/z) where z is a complex number?
now i arrive at two different results by progressing in two different ways.
1) if we expand the series f(z)=1-1/z+1/2!(z^2)-... then i can say that z=0 is an essential singularity.
2) now again if i...
1. Homework Statement
##x^{2}y'' + (x^{2} + 1/4)y=0##
3. The Attempt at a Solution
First I found the limits of a and b, which came out to be values of a = 0, and b = 1/4
then I composed an equation to solve for the roots:
##r^{2} - r + 1/4 = 0## ##r=1/2##
The roots didn't differ by an...
Determine the singular points of each function:
f(z) = (z^3+i)/(z^2-3z+2)
So it is my understanding that a singular point is one that makes the denominator 0 in this case.
We see that (z-2)(z-1) is the denominator and we thus conclude that z =2, z=1 are singular points.
f(z) =...
Consider a flat Robertson-Walker metric.
When we say that there is a singularity at
$$t=0$$
Clearly it is a coordinate dependent statement. So it is a "candidate" singularity.
In principle there is "another coordinate system" in which the corresponding metric has no singularity as we...
Hi,
I need suggestions for picking up some standard textbooks for the following set of topics as given below:
Ordinary and singular points of linear differential equations
Series solutions of linear homogenous differential equations about ordinary and regular singular points...
Hi,
I'm asked to find and classify the singular points of a function w(z) in the differential equation:
w''+z*w'+kw=0 where k is some unknown constant.
The only singular point I notice is z=\infty. Is that right?
I did a transformation x=1/z and examined the singular point at x=0 and found...
Differential Equation ---> Behaviour near these singular points
Homework Statement
Problem & Questions:
(a) Determine the two singular points x_1 < x_2 of the differential equation
(x^2 – 4) y'' + (2 – x) y' + (x^2 + 4x + 4) y = 0
(b) Which of the following statements correctly describes...
In our differential equations class, we learned about Ordinary and Regular Singular Points of a differential equation. We learned how to solve these equations with power series using the Frobenius method.
I was wondering what happens when there is an irregular singular point, like...
Homework Statement
The equation of motion of a particle moving in a straight line is
##x'' - x + 2x^3 = 0##
and ##x = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}, x' = u > 0## at ##t = 0##. Identify the singular points in the phase plane and sketch the phase trajectories. Describe the possible motions of the...
Homework Statement
Find all singular points of xy"+(1-x)y'+xy=0 and determine whether each one is regular or irregular.
Homework Equations
The answer is x=0, regular.
The Attempt at a Solution
I know that x=0 since you set whatever is in front of y" to 0 and you solve for x, right...
Homework Statement
Prove that
\int_0^{\infty} \frac{x^{1/\alpha}}{x^2-a^2} dx = \frac{\pi}{2a}\frac{a^{1/\alpha}}{\sin(\pi/a)}\left(1-\cos(\pi/\alpha)\right) where a>0 and -1<1/\alpha<1
Homework Equations
It is apparent that there are two first order singular points at x=a and x=-a...
Let F : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2 be the map given by F(x, y) := (x^3 - xy, y^3 - xy). What are some singular points?
Well, I know that for an algebraic curve, a point p_0 = (x_0, y_0) is a singular point if F_x(x_0, y_0) = 0 and F_y(x_0, y_0) = 0.
However, this curve is not...
Let f(x,y) = x^2 y - xy = x(x-1)y be a polynomial in k[x,y].
I am looking for the singular subset of this function.
Taking the partials, we obtain
f_x = 2xy - y
f_y = x^2 - x.
In order to find the singular subset, both partials (with respect to x and with respect to y) must vanish. So...
Is there a numeric method to find singular points for managable algebraic functions? I have:
w^2+2z^2w+z^4+z^2w^2+zw^3+1/4w^4+z^4w+z^3w^2-1/2 zw^4-1/2 w^5=0
and I wish to find the singular points for the function w(z). I can find them for simpler functions like
w^3+2w^2z+z^2=0
In this...
Say we have an ODE
\frac{d^{2}x}{d^{2}y}+ p(x)\frac{dx}{dy}+q(x)y=0
Now, we introduce a point of interest x_{0}
If p(x) and q(x) remain finite at at x_{0}
is x_{0}
considered as an
ordinary point ?
Now let's do some multiplication with x_{0}
still being
the point of interest...
Homework Statement
Locate the singular points of x^3(x-1)y'' - 2(x-1)y' + 3xy =0 and decide which, if any, are regular.
The Attempt at a Solution
In standard form the DE is y'' - \frac{2}{x^3} y' + \frac{3}{x^2(x-1)} y = 0.
Are the singular points x=0,\pm 1\;?
Regular singular...
This is a topic in multi-variable calculus, extrema of functions.
Our professor wrote:
Boundary points: points on the edges of the domain if only such points
stationary: points in the interior of the domain such that f is differentiable at x,y and gradient x,y is a zero vector...
Homework Statement
[PLAIN]http://img265.imageshack.us/img265/6778/complex.png
I did the coefficient of the w' term. What about the w term?
This seems like a fairly standard thing, but I can't seem to find it anywhere.
What ansatz should I use for q, if the eqn is written w''+pw'+qw...
I need to find and classify the singular points and find the residue at each of these points for the following function;
f(z) = \frac{z^{1/2}}{z^{2}+1}
I can see that the singular points are at z=i and z=-i but have no idea how to classify them or find the residue at each point.
I know...
Is there a correct mathematical procedure to remove singular points so as to create a smooth continuum, differentiable everywhere? For example,for cusp singularities, is some kind of acceptable "cutting and joining" procedure available at the limit? I asked a similar question in the topology...
Hello,
I am trying to understand the definition of regular point, regular singular point and irregular point
for example, the ode. what would be the r,rs or i points of this?
x^3y'''(x)+3x^2y''(x)+4xy(x)=0
dividing gives the standard form
y''+(3/x)y' + (4/x^2)y=0
So...
I am currently studying a great text
Elementary Differential Equations and Boundary Valued Problems 9th edition;
and we have come to chapter 5 and are studying Ordinary Points, Singular Points, and Irregular Points. (get the point?)
Anyway, I did see these mentioned,,
this...
Are singular points necessarily mapped to singular points under topological transformations? A specific example would a 2-space deformation of a triangle to any closed string with no cross over points. Would the three singular points of the triangle be necessarily mapped to three singular points...
hi,
given the system ml^{2}\theta''+b\theta'+mglsin(\theta)
how do I find the singular points??
or any system for that matter - trying the isocline method just not working! tedious..
Homework Statement
For the ODE xy" + (2-x)y' + y = 0
i want to show it has one singular point and identify its nature
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
I have read the topic and I see that a point Xo is called and ordinary point of the equation if both p(x) and...
when finding a power series solution we have to put the differential equation
ay''+by'+c=0
into the form
y''+By+C=0
this leads to singular points when a=0 but why can't we leave the equation in its original form and use power series substitution to avoid singular points?
or in...
For a linearized system I have eigenvalues \lambda_1, \lambda_2 = a \pm bi \;(a>0) and \lambda_3 < 0 ,
then it should be an unstable spiral point. As t \to +\infty the trajectory will lie in the plane which is parallel with the plane spanned by eigenvectors v_1,v_2 corresponding to \lambda_1...
Hello,
I am stuck on classifying the points with this DE...=\
xy''+(x-x^3)y'+(sin x)y=0
The solution says (sin x)/x is infinitely differentiable...so x=0 is an ordinary point?
I was taught...if P(xo)=0, then xo is a singular point. Here P(x)=x...so x=0. So, what I don't get is the...
I think I've got some minor braindamage or something but i just can't remember how to find the singular points of
1/(1+z^4)
I guess the problem is to solve the equation 1+x^4=0 and get complex roots but this is what I don't remember how to do. Thanks.