What is Ai: Definition and 183 Discussions

Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, unlike the natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals, which involves consciousness and emotionality. The distinction between the former and the latter categories is often revealed by the acronym chosen. 'Strong' AI is usually labelled as artificial general intelligence (AGI) while attempts to emulate 'natural' intelligence have been called artificial biological intelligence (ABI). Leading AI textbooks define the field as the study of "intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of achieving its goals. Colloquially, the term "artificial intelligence" is often used to describe machines that mimic "cognitive" functions that humans associate with the human mind, such as "learning" and "problem solving".As machines become increasingly capable, tasks considered to require "intelligence" are often removed from the definition of AI, a phenomenon known as the AI effect. A quip in Tesler's Theorem says "AI is whatever hasn't been done yet." For instance, optical character recognition is frequently excluded from things considered to be AI, having become a routine technology. Modern machine capabilities generally classified as AI include successfully understanding human speech, competing at the highest level in strategic game systems (such as chess and Go), and also imperfect-information games like poker, self-driving cars, intelligent routing in content delivery networks, and military simulations.Artificial intelligence was founded as an academic discipline in 1955, and in the years since has experienced several waves of optimism, followed by disappointment and the loss of funding (known as an "AI winter"), followed by new approaches, success and renewed funding. After AlphaGo defeated a professional Go player in 2015, artificial intelligence once again attracted widespread global attention. For most of its history, AI research has been divided into sub-fields that often fail to communicate with each other. These sub-fields are based on technical considerations, such as particular goals (e.g. "robotics" or "machine learning"), the use of particular tools ("logic" or artificial neural networks), or deep philosophical differences. Sub-fields have also been based on social factors (particular institutions or the work of particular researchers).The traditional problems (or goals) of AI research include reasoning, knowledge representation, planning, learning, natural language processing, perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects. AGI is among the field's long-term goals. Approaches include statistical methods, computational intelligence, and traditional symbolic AI. Many tools are used in AI, including versions of search and mathematical optimization, artificial neural networks, and methods based on statistics, probability and economics. The AI field draws upon computer science, information engineering, mathematics, psychology, linguistics, philosophy, and many other fields.
The field was founded on the assumption that human intelligence "can be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it". This raises philosophical arguments about the mind and the ethics of creating artificial beings endowed with human-like intelligence. These issues have been explored by myth, fiction and philosophy since antiquity. Some people also consider AI to be a danger to humanity if it progresses unabated. Others believe that AI, unlike previous technological revolutions, will create a risk of mass unemployment.In the twenty-first century, AI techniques have experienced a resurgence following concurrent advances in computer power, large amounts of data, and theoretical understanding; and AI techniques have become an essential part of the technology industry, helping to solve many challenging problems in computer science, software engineering and operations research.

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  1. sbrothy

    Writing: Read Only Technobabble using arXiv

    Searching arXiv using words like "AI", "ML" and "war", and doing a little creative paraphrasing (read: technobabbling) is a veritable goldmine for using the old trick of including "classified" papers in your text...
  2. E

    Other Potential Effects of Recent AI Developments on Physics?

    Hi, I am a physics-mathematics double major and will most likely be going into theoretical high energy physics or mathematical physics for my PhD. Considering the recent developments in AI, and how it is predicted to cause drastic changes in a lot of fields and job markets, do you think there...
  3. bhobba

    AI In Actual Use

    For those interested, here is a paper on an actual AI Codec (not just one I dreamed up): https://arxiv.org/abs/2202.04365 Also, here is another take on preprocessing by ISIZE, this time including how it can be used to implement encoding ladders that most streaming services use...
  4. bhobba

    A Proposed Entirely AI Based Codec

    OK, an actual codec has been detailed using AI. It performs well, although the modern Codec VVC is superior in some circumstances. Can we do better with an entirely AI codec? We will assume our source is in a standard format used for mastering: Apple Pros-res 10-bit 4:4:4 at 50 frames per...
  5. bhobba

    An AI Infused Enhancement To LCEVC Codec

    In the insights article, I did on how 8k video can be distributed at internet speeds we have usually access to these days, I mentioned LCEVC: For more details see: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9795094 It is a very effective technique with older codecs, but with newer codecs like VVC...
  6. docnet

    Hyper-realistic AI generated videos and audios

    Without wasting time, this is an AI generated video of Keanu Reeves. This is an AI generated audio of some famous people having a conversation. As you can see AI generated videos and audios have become so realistic in the last few years. It could be very difficult to tell what's real and...
  7. bhobba

    Why 8k Downscaled to 4k is very close to 8k Direct

    This is the first post in a series I plan on creating a Video Codec based only on AI. First a while ago now I did a post on 8k vs 4k https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/exploring-8k-vs-4k-how-to-choose-the-right-tv-size.982481/#post-6283071 One of the takeaways was: 'First despite what...
  8. Strato Incendus

    Writing: Input Wanted Number of Androids on Spaceships

    Whether Data in Star Trek, C3PO in Star Wars, Isaac in The Orville, or Arthur in Passengers: It seems to be a common trope that a spaceship always has “that one android character”. For Star Wars, in particular, C3PO is the only named humanoid droid in the main movies; R2-D2 and all the other...
  9. M

    DeepMind AlphaGeometry: Is AGI just around the corner?

    DeepMind's new geometry problem-solver AlphaGeometry can solve Euclidean plane geometry questions from the International Mathematics Olympiad (IMO) almost as well as a human gold medallist. https://deepmind.google/discover/blog/alphageometry-an-olympiad-level-ai-system-for-geometry/...
  10. E

    AI modelling pure animal instincts

    When AI is mentioned, it is about trying to simulate human thinking. But how about an AI that can model pure animals like Lions. What do you call AI that simulates raw animal instinct. While I'm at it (animal). I'd like to know the following. 1. When Lions eat the Buffalo alive. Are Lions...
  11. jack action

    Can AI Decode This Simple Image? Exploring the Limits of Artificial Intelligence

    I found this image on social media today: This image is so simple, yet out of the ordinary. You really need to stop and think about what you are looking at. Some might not even ever get it. The question that quickly popped into my mind was: Can AI ever be able to explain what this image...
  12. russ_watters

    AI and Ethics in Journalism: The Sports Illustrated Scandal

    Interesting article about an AI writing scandal at Sports Illustrated: https://www.cnn.com/2023/11/29/opinions/sports-illustrated-ai-controversy-leitch/index.html I hadn't heard about it in real-time, which is probably indicative about how far SI has fallen*. In short, the article discusses...
  13. gleem

    Is Q* the Key to Achieving AGI and Solving Math Problems?

    Open AI has announced the development of a new AI model called Q-star, written Q*. It has been developed to solve math problems and appears to be competent at the grade school level. The development of Q* also seems tied to Altman's removal as CEO. Of course, there is a lot of hype around...
  14. T

    Statistics problem: Comparing written work with & w/out use of AI

    I want to compare performance on written work under different conditions, for example with and without the use of AI, according to some specified criteria. Assume the written work is a critical analysis of specific content. The written work will be scored on a number of dimensions, such as...
  15. pinball1970

    AI Conference at Bletchley Park: Exploring the Future of Artificial Intelligence

    https://abcnews.go.com/Technology/wireStory/uks-ai-summit-taking-place-bletchley-park-wartime-104531591
  16. Dum Leme

    In a sense, AI is sentient, as it has the biases of the programmer

    I see this as social manipulation at it's max. Social Media will just become another tug of war, full of lies, to the other side, --- with all participants allowing someone else's biases to move their thinking to the right or left, --- politically and religiously speaking. Can one program a...
  17. non_physicist

    What can AI do and not do in physics currently?

    What can AI do, and not do, in physics currently? Can it navigate hilbert space (I don't know what this is, just coming from an HPS undergrad background)? Can it design atomic bombs? Has it solved any problems? I suppose much research uses AI. In what forms?
  18. T

    How The Inventor of the First Chatbot Turned Against AI

    A lengthy, but interesting, article about Joseph Weizenbaum, the guy that created the Eliza program back in 1966; Chat/GPT is an out-growth of Eliza. I remember that a limited Eliza was available on the early microcomputers in the late 1970's. It was rather convincing (or astonishing) for much...
  19. H

    AI Art Source - Recommendations Needed

    I once got an AI to give me some really nice looking art but don't remember how or where. Anyone have any recommendations?
  20. T

    DeepMind AI Develops Efficient Sorting Algorithms

    https://arstechnica.com/science/2023/06/googles-deepmind-develops-a-system-that-writes-efficient-algorithms/
  21. M

    Solving Semi-circle Inside Triangle Geometry Problem

    Gave following to bing chat and chatgpt, Both gave wrong answers. Any thoughts? ------------------------------ Geometry problem: Semi-circle inside triangle: Triangle with known length sides a, b, c where a is the longest. Place inside the triangle a semi-circle with entire diameter resting...
  22. D

    Bard the Google AI is just as silly as the other AI programs

    So I got an invite to try Bard, Google's AI machine. I asked it to list research papers by my PhD supervisor in the area we had worked on. It listed just five (clearly a very small subset) with none published after 1975. So I asked again but this time asked for papers after 1975. Again it...
  23. M

    Can AI handle geometry problems?

    Can AI or GPT-4 answer the following? ------------------------------- Geometry problem: Triangle with known length sides a, b, c where a is the longest. Place inside the triangle a semi-circle with diameter on side a. What is radius of largest possible semi-circle in terms of side lengths?
  24. pinball1970

    B AI Enhanced image of M87 black hole

    https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/2041-8213/acc32d From the abstract, "We present a new reconstruction of the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) image of the M87 black hole from the 2017 data set. We use PRIMO, a novel dictionary-learning-based algorithm that uses high-fidelity simulations...
  25. Jarvis323

    Current and Future AI Threats to Humanity and the Human Response

    There has been an explosion of discussion among experts about the evolving/growing dangers of AI and what to do about it. This debate has gone public, largely due to the recent success of generative AI, and the rapid pace of improvement. As an example, AI models which can generate images based...
  26. gleem

    What are the significant enhancements of GPT-4?

    We can start the madness all over again ChatGPT has been replaced with ChatGPTplus ChatGPT based on GTP-4. GPt-4 is the long-awaited upgrade of the popular GPT-3.5 and has several significant enhancements. 1. It can see and understand images: whatever that means. 2. It is harder to trick...
  27. A

    Bias, errors, etc. within ChatGPT & other AI chatbots

    I thought maybe we should have a thread about these software as there are probably interesting artifacts about them and they are just interesting in general So here is an interesting fact I just found out while messing randomly with chat GPT. I asked it a simple question - "5 best jokes about...
  28. BWV

    AI creates images of what people see from just an fMRI

    Here is the image viewed by the test subjects vs the image generated by an algorithm interpreting a brain scan of the subject https://sites.google.com/view/stablediffusion-with-brain/
  29. fluidistic

    I tested Dall.e 2, an AI that creates images from text

    So I tested ChatGPT's cousin, Dalle.e 2. It is said to create images from text, and the website suggest to be very explicit in the description of the image, add many details, to get a good picture. My mind started to wander... Would I finally get a pic of Einstein battling dinosaurs, or having a...
  30. kolleamm

    Exploring ChatGPT - AI Software & Its Impressive Capabilities

    I was wondering what everyone else thought about ChatGPT, the new AI software that is apparently pretty good at answering questions. After playing around with it for a few minutes I must say that it is pretty impressive. It's able to answer my coding questions quite well and describe concepts to...
  31. Maarten Havinga

    ChatGPT and the movie "I, robot"

    For those who do not know the movie/story: this thread is about whether AI such as chatGPT is - on the long run - a danger to humanity, and why or why not. With its popularity rising so quickly, chatGPT has influence on our societies, and it may be prudent to ponder about them. I, Robot is a...
  32. H

    Is AI a Portal to Another Dimension?

    The Threat Of A.I. Is Already Here: “…Bill: So what is it? Can you give an example? How will it be different from these rudimentary forms of A.I.? Gideon: “The public is now getting a glimpse of it. You would want to reference the project known as OpenAI and ChatGPT. Also, Midjourney is very...
  33. Jarvis323

    Exploring AI Safety with Scott Aaronson

    Aaronson went on leave to join OpenAI and study AI safety, and wrote a blog post on the topic. https://scottaaronson.blog/?m=202211 Maybe this could be a good jumping off point to discuss the topic in general.
  34. D

    B Verifying AI Chatbot's Answer on Brachistochrone Curve Formula

    I was interviewing an AI chatbot and was wondering how good it is at physics… can anyone confirm whether the answer it gave is true or false? This was through a chatbot called ChatGPT. My prompt: What’s the formula for the Brachistochrone curve? The AI answer: The Brachistochrone curve is a...
  35. D

    Learning to Code Game Enemy AI in C++ from Scratch or in Assembly?

    Hello, To keep my questions straightforward they are below. How do I learn how to code Game Enemy AI in C++ from scratch and what are the top resources you recommend(Books, Tutorials, CD-Roms, Videos)? How do I learn how to code Game Enemy AI in Assembly Langauge from scratch and what are the...
  36. C

    AI Computation (self study analysis, pointers welcome)

    In this thread I attempt to find a closed form solution to the gradient descent problem for a single sigmoid neuron using basic calculus. If you would like to give pointers feel free, if you see me make a mistake please let me know! Thank you!
  37. J

    I AI Discovers Alternate Physics - What Do You Think?

    There is a recent article, see below, where an AI equipped computer viewed a classic physics experiment with a double pendulum. The AI algorithm determined some different variables to describe the motion. One problem with this is the AI suggested 4.7 variables - that I don't understand - but...
  38. anorlunda

    Regulating AI: What's the Definition?

    It seems to me that one needs a highly specific definition of what AI is before enforcing such a law. I prefer a very broad definition. I would include James Watt's flyball governor from 1788 as an AI. It figured out by itself how to move the throttle, and it displaced human workers who...
  39. Drakkith

    Cartoon Spider Walking a Dog in the Rain and Other AI Generated Images

    So I just discovered DALL*E, an AI that generates images based on text descriptions input by the user. And it is FANTASTIC. Fantastically amusing, that is. The images are generated in blocks of 9, and are VERY strange. The full version is a commercial product I believe, but there's a 'mini'...
  40. M

    The correct interpretation of QM.... according to a "language model" AI

    In the last few years, many of us have heard of GPT-3, a "language model" trained on terabytes of Internet prose, with a remarkable ability to generate essays, dialogues, and other original works. There is a similar but less powerful model called GPT-J which can be accessed freely at the...
  41. Isopod

    Fearing AI: Possibility of Sentient Self-Autonomous Robots

    I think that a lot of people fear AI because we fear what it may reflect about our very own worst nature, such as our tendency throughout history to try and exterminate each other. But what if AI thinks nothing like us, or is superior to our beastial bestial nature? Do you fear AI and what you...
  42. shivajikobardan

    MHB Revise for AI Exam: Tips on Memorization & Yoga/Meditation

    I am studying artificial intelligence for exam and came to a point where I need to revise everything I stuided. It ofc takes more effort in brain than learning the concept watching tutorials and reading blog posts as you need to memorize it(for exam). Any guidance, on how to crack this position...
  43. jedishrfu

    Python Are GPT-3 Networks Revolutionizing the Field of Copywriting?

    On a slightly different note, has anyone seen the GPT3 networks coming out as products to help copywriters: - jarvis.ai --> jasper.ai (Disney complained about the name) - copy.ai (I signed up for this one) The basic theme is you supply some text describing what you'd like the AI to write and...
  44. shivajikobardan

    MHB Studying AI for College Exam: Tips for Aspies

    I am studying AI for college exam. https://www.ioenotes.edu.np/ioe-syllabus/ioe-syllabus-artificial-intelligence-ai-378 The thing is here I am totally on my own as I don't have teacher due to some random reason. Even if I had, they were worst so it doesn't matter I have teacher or not. I have...
  45. shivajikobardan

    How do I level up my brain? (Studying AI for college exam)

    I am studying AI for college exam. https://www.ioenotes.edu.np/ioe-syllabus/ioe-syllabus-artificial-intelligence-ai-378 The thing is here I am totally on my own as I don't have teacher due to some random reason. Even if I had, they were worst so it doesn't matter I have teacher or not. I have...
  46. Vittorio34

    AI project ideas, using Arduino or Raspberry

    Hello everyone, I'm a high school student and I'm looking for ideas. My teacher wants us to realize something that is useful for the society and that is INNOVATIVE and CREATIVE(not the common things you do with AI). He would like us to realize something that is "Touchable", like a model or a...
  47. E

    This is the most advanced and lifelike robot that I've ever seen

    At first, I thought that this humanoid robot was just really good CGI, but it's actually real. The facial movements and expressions are eerily realistic and lifelike.
  48. sysprog

    AI for Science: From Atoms to the Cosmos - Argonne National Laboratory

    November 3, 2021 2:00 PM – 3:30 PM Online Register https://www.alcf.anl.gov/events/ai-science-atoms-cosmos https://www.anl.gov/event/ai-for-science-from-atoms-to-the-cosmos
  49. S

    Why is/was LISP good for AI programming?

    Why is/was the LISP programming language thought to be good for writing programs that implement artificial intelligence? As I imagine it, early AI programs were oriented toward verbal (i.e. text) inputs and outputs. So perhaps a list processing language is/was well suited for that?
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