What is Automated: Definition and 35 Discussions

Automation describes a wide range of technologies that reduce human intervention in processes. Human intervention is reduced by predetermining decision criteria, subprocess relationships, and related actions — and embodying those predeterminations in machines.Automation, includes the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers, and heat-treating ovens, switching on telephone networks, steering, and stabilization of ships, aircraft, and other applications and vehicles with reduced human intervention.Automation covers applications ranging from a household thermostat controlling a boiler, to a large industrial control system with tens of thousands of input measurements and output control signals. Automation has also found space in the banking sector. In control complexity, it can range from simple on-off control to multi-variable high-level algorithms.
In the simplest type of an automatic control loop, a controller compares a measured value of a process with a desired set value and processes the resulting error signal to change some input to the process, in such a way that the process stays at its set point despite disturbances. This closed-loop control is an application of negative feedback to a system. The mathematical basis of control theory was begun in the 18th century and advanced rapidly in the 20th.
Automation has been achieved by various means including mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, electronic devices, and computers, usually in combination. Complicated systems, such as modern factories, airplanes, and ships typically use all these combined techniques. The benefit of automation includes labor savings, reducing waste, savings in electricity costs, savings in material costs, and improvements to quality, accuracy, and precision.
The World Bank's World Development Report 2019 shows evidence that the new industries and jobs in the technology sector outweigh the economic effects of workers being displaced by automation.Job losses and downward mobility blamed on Automation has been cited as one of many factors in the resurgence of nationalist, protectionist and populist politics in the US, UK and France, among other countries since the 2010s.The term automation, inspired by the earlier word automatic (coming from automaton), was not widely used before 1947, when Ford established an automation department. It was during this time that industry was rapidly adopting feedback controllers, which were introduced in the 1930s.

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  1. L

    Effective rocking bed for a child

    Hello everyone! I'm a mum and for a while now my child who is getting older has this habit of using me as a rocker (she sleeps on the pillow while I rock her on my legs) . I used to have the exact same habit so I kind of get her 😃 My question is : can I swap these tired legs of mine for an...
  2. anorlunda

    What's the best way to break bad speech habits?

    I just finished watching a fine debate. It included Law Professors Eugene Volokh, Lawrence Tribe, plus Katie Fallow, Gautam Hans, and Colin Stretch. All of them learned, articulate, informed, and tempered. But their discussion was marred by an excessive number of ahs, ums, you-knows, and...
  3. P

    Automated Mardi Gras front end

    It will be 2 rubiks cubes stacked, with the top cube standing on an axis. I am looking to make the cube rotate on axis. I have a lazy susan that the platform, picture of smaller concept of platform included, will rest on. This should help minimize friction. Total weight of top cube and stand...
  4. Tone L

    Understanding Firmware and automation

    Preface: I've done some reading and have minimal experience with micro controllers and circuit boards. Though it is a simple question, the internet has puzzled me, likely with the jargon I don't fully understand! You can have an Arduino board or Raspberry PI and send it a program to perform...
  5. Manoj Sahu

    Secure Your Transformer Chamber with Automated Actions

    I have a transformer chamber with 2 doors. What I have to do- If any of the door is opened, this should happen- 1. 2 CFL inside transformer chamber should start 2. Simultaneously, a buzzer/hooter should be ON. 3. After opening the door, I should have option to reset the hooter. how do I do it?
  6. D

    Automated tennis ball launcher for my dog

    Hi all, I thought I would post my thoughts/progress on designing and building an automatic tennis ball launcher for my dog. The little fella gets a bit bored during the day when we are at work, so I want to build him this so he has something to do other than push a basketball around the...
  7. M

    Tracking Meniscus Profiles in ImageJ: Tips and Plugins for Automation

    Hi PF! I have a series of photographs taken of water being drained from a cup. I would like to automatically track the meniscus profile (not a particle) as it changes from photograph to photograph in ImageJ. Does anyone have a recommendation of where to start reading, or any plugins to use, so...
  8. T

    Automated Air Force Lug Analysis

    Air Force Lug Analysis (section 9 here and summarized here) seems to be the best generalized method for comprehensive lug analysis. However, it relies on charts developed by the USAF in the late sixties. Every source I've found on the method uses those same images. I'm trying to make an...
  9. vtechno1729

    Automotive What is a good linear actuator that has force feedback?

    Where can I find one of these? That is, are there linear actuators where I can specify the force it should apply and it gives me back exactly how much force was applied? Are there any linear actuators that can do this and also give me position feedback, i.e., where my object is after it has been...
  10. David Gin

    Automated Chiller Temperature Control System

    Hi All, I'm working on an automated chiller control system for final year project. It is a logic control that automatically set the chill water supply temperature based on current demand load and the chillers performance curve to achieve the best efficiency COP for the system. For a variable...
  11. R

    Is an Automated Tapping Device the Solution to My Flowmeter Issue?

    I am looking for some device that can emulate someone tapping with a wrench every 20 minutes. More specifically, I have noticed that in my application, my flowmeters (rotameters) are dropping over time. As a workaround I have been able to tap them with a wrench every 20 to 30 minutes, this...
  12. M

    Automated sample extraction from oven?

    Hi, I’m new here and come to ask you for some help. I would like to ask you to give me a few examples of automated sample extraction from laboratory oven for mechanical properties testing. It could be in form of scientific articles, videos or anything else, where something like that might be...
  13. Ryan_m_b

    How likely is it your job will be automated?

    The list is up on the BBC here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-34066941 Input your job (or just browse the others) to find out the automation risk according to the study. It might not be gospel but I find modern automation very interesting, it's remarkable how many jobs can be displaced...
  14. dlgoff

    X109B14 modified transistorized totally automated machine

    I'm watching The Twilight Zone episode The Brain Center at Whipple's on Me-TV. It was originally shown in 1967 but is still relevant 47 years later. Comments? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vFgLVU-eKRE
  15. L

    Robotics and automated systems, is it useful to a mechanical engineer?

    Hi i just finished my first year of general engineering and am on a 4 month break. If there are any senior engineering students or engineers out there, I just want to know if its useful to take a two month course in embedded systems and microcontrollers. Thanks
  16. C

    Matlab: automated ommitting of letters from mutiple file names

    Forgive me if this sounds really stupid. I am a new Matlab user, and I have about 200 data sets from various samples in the naming format "varname_sample_daily" and i wish to remove the "daily" portion of it from the variable name through an automated process (i.e change all file names to just...
  17. M

    Capabilities of Automated Theorem Provers

    What are the current capabilities of modern Theorem Provers? I know about logic/undecidability/complexity theory so go ahead and use that jargon. Anyway, I am interested as to why Theorem Provers are not talked about (at least not by math professors). Why have I not heard the following sentence...
  18. S

    Managing doubts in an semi automated learning system

    in a classroom teacher are asked doubts on the topic taught by students . they are critical in helping their understanding of concept. what can be the extra information that may be useful for the teacher that can be asked along with the doubts in an doubts query form?
  19. A

    Automated shifting correlation test

    Hello everyone I'm new here: So I was about to write some SAS or R to do the following, but now I'm getting old enough to realize most things I think of were thought of before (usually by people way smarter than me). I've done some googling, but I haven't found the golden answer yet. I'd...
  20. S

    Cal Poly ACS: Why Are Reaction Wheels Angled at 29.3 Degrees?

    Here is a link to Cal Polys ACS they built. My question is: they claim each reaction wheel is angled at 29.3 degrees. Why would that be? My only guess is that they are each pointed at the CoM.
  21. H

    Automated marking of panels after certain amount of production

    I am in need of a system that will automatically place some kind of mark onto a car panel after a certain amount have been produced. For example :- After the panel has been pressed it leaves on a conveyor to be put into racks or boxes by an operator. In this case the boxes are only to contain...
  22. D

    Automated Launcher: Launching 4m & 50g Projectiles

    i'm trying to build a launcher that automatically launches after a period of time. it has to launch 4m and launches a projectile weighing no more than 50g. what kind of mechanisms would i need to use? thanks!
  23. G

    Automated Camera Clicking: Get Your Ideas Here!

    Camera "clicker" I need to take a picture every 5-60 seconds for about 2.5 hours. The problem is, I won't be near my camera when I do that. I want to make something to attach to the "clicker" or whatever it's called on the camera that will click it about that often. The button definitely...
  24. wolram

    Is a Synthetic Brain Capable of Aesthetic Emotions?

    That says it all, i can not think of any thing.
  25. C

    Any software that can do automated line art?

    there's none in photoshop is there any software out here that can perform automatic line art?
  26. S

    Medical Engrams: Triggers of Automated Annoyance?

    If one sees something that instantly annoys them (without conscious thought put into making themselves annoyed), would this programmed habit of being annoyed be called an engram? e.g. One comes upon something left where it "shouldn't" be, for the 100th time (and becomes annoyed).
  27. C

    Misc. DIY automated security system Project

    Howdy everyone, I have begun work on an automated security system. Essentially it is a mounted machine gun made to keep your children safe. I have begun work on models and finished the automated firing mechanism, but am still in the early stages of development. On the image below, you will see a...
  28. E

    Automated mouse pressing device

    I'm doing something that requires pressing my computer's mouse button once every 15 minutes so I'm trying to find something that will automatically do it for me whether I'm there or not. If anyone has seen that Simpsons episode where Homer uses the drinking bird to press the "Y" button on his...
  29. R

    Embodiment calaculations for a automated (screw) bike seat post

    Homework Statement I am currently tring to work out the torque that is required to lift a bike seat of mass 2kg at a rate of 10mms-1 with a given screw thread and nut. how would i go about this? Also is it possible to calaculate the shear force experienced by the thread of the screw and...
  30. E

    How can I read a single line from a text file using bash?

    I want to write a script that will automatically backup my documents to a remote computer. I have a lot (~500 MB) of files, so I only want the files to be backed up when a newer version exists. Short version of the question: how do I read a single line from a text file using bash? Long...
  31. electronic engineer

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  32. Pengwuino

    Automated Shutdown: Questions and Answers

    Ok so I wanted to help save energy by having the computers in my house shutdown after 11:59pm on a daily basis. I used the task scheduler and had the shutdown.exe initiate at that time if the computer is idle for over 15 minutes at the time and attempt for the next 60 minutes if its not. Now, I...
  33. F

    Automated Gene Sequencers (Hoods)

    Hey I was looking at Jurassic Park and they talk about Hoods (automated gene sequencers) and they say they're machines that work out the genetic code by themselves. I don't know if those exist or not but Hypothetically could somebody pay someone to give them their genetic code on paper? (or...
  34. Pengwuino

    How do automated production lines achieve such precise and efficient operations?

    Is it just me or is anyone else just fascinated by production lines, especially the ones that do things at speeds that just look like blurs. I saw modern marvels i think and they were showing the tootsy roll factory and they were showing the individual tootsie rolls being made and it was just a...
  35. V

    Automated data collection from the net database

    hi ..i have a little problem here...if u go to this site, http://www.singaporepools.com.sg/fd_results3yrs/ u see the scroll down button...there are a lot of dates...each date links to a page in which i want to copy some data into a text file. and this apples to all other dates... anyone...