Tai chi (simplified Chinese: 太极; traditional Chinese: 太極; pinyin: Tàijí), short for T'ai chi ch'üan or Tàijí quán (太極拳), sometimes colloquially known as "Shadowboxing," is an internal Chinese martial art practiced for defense training, health benefits, and meditation.
Developed as a martial art, it is practiced for reasons including competitive wrestling, competitive demonstrations, and health/longevity. Tai chi has practitioners worldwide.
Yang Shaohou, Yang Chengfu, Wu Chien-ch‘üan and Sun Lutang promoted the art for its health benefits beginning in the early 20th century. Its global following often for its benefit to personal health. Medical studies of t‘ai-chi support its effectiveness as an alternative exercise and a form of martial arts therapy.
Many forms are practiced, both traditional and modern. Most modern styles trace their development to the five traditional schools: Chen, Yang, Wu (Hao), Wu, and Sun. All trace their historical origins to Chen Village.
Hi all
I want to calculate the reduced Chi square and root mean square deviation RMSD of some data points that i have, but I am confused about the correct formula for each of them, which one is the correct one. I found this formula in a paper where they referred to it as the RMSD :
$$...
I have an empirical frequency distribution as for example below:
##f_{2} = \, \, \, 21##
##f_{3} = 111##
##f_{4} = \, \, \, 24##
The theoretical distribution is determined by two parameters. So for a chi-square goodness-of-fit test there are actually no degrees of freedom left. Yet the...
Hello! I need to make a straight line fit to 8 points, with errors on them. The data is like this ##x = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8]##, ##y=[377.488 691.191 , 1030.319, 1428.801, 1753.884, 2113.065 , 2398.642, 2797.664]##, ##y_{err}=[97.145, 131.452, 160.492, 188.997, 209.397, 229.840, 244.879...
Hello my name is Douwe Geluk
I have studied engineering and i have to complete some courses for my job. I think this is a great forum which can teach.me very much.
Besides Physics and studying i practise Tai Chi and Chi Kung to Relax my mind at the Scource of Happiness in Apeldoorn city the...
Hi all,
I am trying to understand two things from a paper
The ratio of a standard normal by the square root of a a chi squared divided by its df ( degrees of freedom) is a t distribution. So
1) What is the dist of square root of Chi squared? I know a normal squared is a chi squared, but a chi...
Hello everyone,
I would be happy if someone explained the small reduced chi squared value to me. I have fitted a set of measured data with an exponential function, which I need for some sw calculations. The fit seams great, the origin sw also provides the reduced chi squared, but it is very...
Hi, I wanted you guys to tell me whether you like this idea I had and if you have any ideas on the implication of it, and whether it would work as I describe it or not.
So, in this world I created, there is a basic understanding of physics by the scholars, but most people don't even understand...
OK, so, I've forgotten more statistics than my students will ever know, and I'm not too proud to ask for help, because I'm just blanking out on this. I would appreciate it if someone could patiently follow along and let me know what I've got right or wrong please.
My understanding of the...
Hi,
I am in AP Biology, and I completely understand how to use chi squared to the level the AP exam and class requires, but I do not completely understand why p-values work the way they do. I have done a lot of research, and I think I may have an idea as to how this works. Can you please tell...
I'm trying to fit a model curve to some data by performing a chi square minimisation wrt three parameters a,b and NN. The trouble I am having is that the variables with which I want to minimise the chi square with respect to appear in an integral. I attach the code I am working with...
This is another question related to an undergrad video lecture on inflation by Guth. In the course, he derives the inflationary expansion rate :
a(t) ~ eχt, with χ = sqrt(8πGρf/3), and ρf being the mass density of the false vacuum energy.
Later in the lecture, around 51:35, Guth gives sample...
I want to study chi square test of homogeneity from any authentic source- book / website especially problems where samples are compared for more than one attribute.
What are some relevant sources?
Relevant background:
I was studying examples from random online sources before I saw this book...
Good afternoon,
I'm glad I've joined this forum. Here's my doubt: I have a serie of values in a table like this:
Case 1 34 55
Case 2 23 10
Case 3 55 40
etc...
the 34 means the observed value, and the 55 the control group, and so on. It's easy to do the test of course if...
The problem is: if...
Homework Statement
Hi everybody! Our experiments teacher asked us to perform a reduced chi square test in order to estimate how good a model fits to our measured data. The experiment was the melde's experiment (vibration of a string) and we measured the frequency ##f_n## for ##n=1## to ##9##...
Hi everyone.
I am totally new to statistics so my question may or may not be simple!
I know that for the data fitting we can do a chi squared test like:
\begin{equation} \chi^2 = \Sigma \frac{(f_{data}-f_{model})^2}{(error_{data})^2}\end{equation}
So I have been doing this for a while, but now...
Homework Statement
Hello,
I am using CasaXPS to model synthetic peak models for X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data. I am fitting.
The software has a lot of manuals online but they do not explain how they yield a Residual Standard Deviation, after each fit iteration. Most software use...
Hi all,
I was reading a paper and I wasn't sure how they performed their statistic analysis. What do they mean by a chi-square test against the weighted mean? Is it a chi-square test between the actual data points and the weighted mean? If so, why do they us the function P(X^2,v)? I...
Homework Statement
Suppose that X has normal distribution. Find the distribution of n(Sample Mean - μ)2/σ2.
The Attempt at a Solution
I honestly have no idea where to begin with this problem. Any ideas?
Hi, I'm doing a fit using Chi-square distribution. I have a data set and their errors, I found the best estimate minimizing Chi square, as usual, and I like to found the error bars of my best estimates but I don't know how to do that. Which is the standard form to do it?
Homework Statement
Prove that the X^2 distribution is stochastically increasing in its degrees of freedom; that is if p>q, then for any a, P(X^2_{p} > a) \geq P(X^2_{q} > a), with strict inequality for some a.
Homework Equations
1.(n-1)S^2/\sigma^2 \sim X^2_{n-1}
2.The Chi squared(p) pdf is...
So I have X1 and X2 are iid standard normal.
Then I have Y=X1^2+ X2^2
and
Z=X1/(X1^2+x2^2)
I'm supposed to find the distribution of Y and Z and then determine if they are independent.
Clearly Y is chi squared with degrees of freedom 2.
But I have no idea how to find the distribution of Z...
Homework Statement
the expected frequency for the age of (21-30, 31-36, more than or equal to 37) for operation is less than 5 , so combination of these numbers are required for the expected frequency to be more than or equal to 5 .
my question is which numbers should i combine?
would my ans...
Homework Statement
i have problem of finding the degree f freedom for this question. the ans for v is 3 , but my ans is v=n-1 , where n = 6 , so my v=5...
Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution
Homework Statement
We threw a bunch of darts at a dart board to find the statistics of the positions. They ranged from -20 to 20 and the data is right here. ( each column corresponds to the dart number, it is just a syntax thing) The frequencies are below.
Dart 1 Dart 2 Dart 3 Dart 4...
I'm getting a bit confused with the stats of a chi squared test, everyone in physics labs seems to use this as a test but I don't know why it's appropriate?
My main question is how would I take a linear equation in say excel which has been fitted to a series of (x,y) data points (I do have...
Homework Statement
I'm trying to test a hypothesis that sending people both an email announcement and direct mail announcement produces significantly more enrollments in a free webinar than email or direct mail alone.
I'd like to do an analysis on these groups created from 400 people...
So I have been analyzing data a took in an experiment recently and have been using a chi squared as a "goodness of fit" test to against a linear model.
I am using excel and used the LINEST function (least square fitting method) to get an idea for a theoretical gradient and intercept for my...
Homework Statement
The following data is hypothesized to possesses a normal distribution, is that hypothesis sustained by a Chi-square test at .05 significance:
<66...4
67-68...24
68-70...35
70-72...15
72-74...8
>74...4
The Attempt at a Solution
1. I know that I should...
For example, if the moment generating function is (1-2t)^(-6), then the degree of freedom r=3, right? The question is asking me to find P(X< 5.23)...I want to use the chi-square table, but I'm not sure how...
This is what the question states:
If (1-2t)^{-6}, t<1/2, is the mgf of the...
How can I determine what the smallest value of a χ2 statistic must be to reject the null hypothesis at α = 5%, for a distribution with 9 degrees of freedom? Thanks in advance.
Homework Statement
I know that for a Chi Square test to adequately describe a distribution, you need each bin to have an estimated frequency > 5. As a rule of thumb though, do I want to pool the bins with less than 5 estimated frequency so as to maximize the number of bins or minimize them?
For...
Hi, I have a question
If X1,X2,...,Xn are independent random variables having chi-square distribution witn v=1 and Yn=X1+X2+...+Xn, then the limiting distribution of
(Yn/n) - 1
Z= --------------- as n->infinity is the standard normal distribution.
sqrt(2/n)
I know that Yn has...
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hi
i have some data (star counts) and i have a model and i want to perform min chi squared
so if i call my data di, and my model mi with std dev = \sigmai = 1
then \chi^2 = \sum \frac{(di - mi)^2}{\sigma i^2}
no my model is this mi = bi - Fo where bi is the background which has been...
Distribution of difference of two second degree non central chi squared random variables.
This problem can be cast as an indefinite quadratic form for which there are a number of general numerical techniques to determine the CDF. Alternatively, it may be written as a linear combination of...
Hello all,
I've been working on error analysis of the system, and I finally faced a big problem.
Let X~N(mu1, sigma1^2) and Y~N(mu2, sigma2^2), and Z=sqrt( X^2 + Y^2 )
For Z to be a Chi, mu's should be zero and sigma's should be 1, to be a Rayleigh, mu's should be zero and two...
I read this article about non central chi square distribution
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noncentral_chi-square_distribution
in practice, if I have a sum of X_i^2, where X_i is gaussian with mean \mu_i and std \sigma_i what would be the pdf of the sum? In the article the assume you have...
The following data represent a frequency distribution of 200 variables drawn from a parent Gaussian population with mean=26.00 and standard deviation=5.00. the bins are 2 units wide and the lower edge of the first bin is at x=14.
4;8;11;20;26;31;29;22;26;13;5;2;3
a. plot a histogram of these...
How nifty is this?
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How do i show that the a [X1 has a chi square distribution with n degrees of freedom] + [X2 has a chi square distribution with m degrees of freedom] is a [X1+X2 has a chi square distribution with n+m degrees of freedom]?
How can i use moment generating functions to do this?
Hello,
I have done a chi squared test on the measurements from a neutron flux experiment to get the best parameters for a function of the form Ysim=Acos(B*X). I used Solver in Excel to find the minimum parameters. The test takes the form
chi^2 / dof = SUM(Ysim-Yi)^2/(sigma i)^2
Where...
Central Limit Theorem Variation for Chi Square distribution?
If this question fits into Homework Help, please move it over there. I'm not too sure.
I encountered the following problem:
Now, this problem seems fairly similar to a simple proof the central limit theorem. I am damn sure...
for a lab report i have to perform a chi squared test... i have no idea how to interprete my results from that chi squared test
I got c^2= .26 and its way under the 3.84 cap... does that mean i accept the hypothesis or reject it... I get confused about this... i got 32 and 28 for my two...
Chi- squared test--please help
Posted this on 12.04.10 but haven't gotten a response. Is my data unclear? Can someone explain how to link the probability to the \chi^2 value please.
1. Homework Statement
In a cross between two types of pea plants, one heterozygous for the round yellow...
Homework Statement
In a cross between two types of pea plants, one heterozygous for the round yellow seed condition, and the other, pure breeding with wrinkled green seeds, the following offsprings were recorded;
Round yellow peas-- 108
Round green peas-- 102
Wrinkled yellow peas--105...
Parental Pheotypes
Long x ShortF1
All LongF2 Phenotypes
787 long, 277 short1. What is the expected value for the recessive phentotype of the cross Long versus Short
787+277= 1064
I did 787/1064= .739 Rounded up to .74 For Long
277/1064= .26 for Short
.74x1064= 787.36 Is the Expected...
What is the ChiSquare value for the dominant phentotype of the cross Purple versus White. Shouldn't the answer be 696 or 696.75??
Parental Phenotypes
Purple X WhiteF1 Phenotype
All PurpleF2 Phenotype
705 purple, 224 whiteI must be missing something:
Observed Purple=705
Observed White= 224...
In the Chi-square test, my textbook says that degrees of freedom are the number of independent variables minus one ,df = n - 1
does this mean that that n is equal to the number of observed values from the equation aka the number of times I've added or the number of terms?
sum [(O-E)^2]/E
Is...