Altitude or height (also sometimes known as depth) is a distance measurement, usually in the vertical or "up" direction, between a reference datum and a point or object. The exact definition and reference datum varies according to the context (e.g., aviation, geometry, geographical survey, sport, or atmospheric pressure). Although the term altitude is commonly used to mean the height above sea level of a location, in geography the term elevation is often preferred for this usage.
Vertical distance measurements in the "down" direction are commonly referred to as depth.
TL;DR Summary: Currently working on a project for lab where we're sending Geiger counters 100k feet into the air. Goal is to determine radiation as a function of altitude. Need some guidance.
Hi everyone,
I'm currently working on a project for lab where we're sending Geiger counters 100k feet...
I’m a contractor using liquid CO2 (LCO2) to freeze water pipes (for valve maintenance) while the water service remains at full static pressure (i.e., water is not flowing).
I do the work in two locations: (1) near Denver, CO, where the altitude is 5,300 feet and (2) near Detroit, MI where the...
Considering the approximation of perfect gas, I don't understand why at higher altitude the temperature is lower.
Intuitively it is clear to me, but I do not understand the kind of transformation that takes place; the gas is free to expand and the pressure too is not constant, since it decreases...
How would I approach this task:
I have a platform 10x10 meters footprint, 15 meters height, I need it to permanently float at about 10km, doesn't need to navigate/steer.
That volume can contain some tech inside like balloons, batteries, propellers, solar panels etc.
What is the power requirement...
Hi I live in a high Altitude around 2500 meter over sealevel. I have a vacuum pump, at max my vacuum meter shows 21 inHG inside the vacuum chamber . my vacuum pump(welch 2014B) has a max of 40 torr it say the technical datasheet.
What is now my endpressure in torr in my vacuumchamber?It's...
Consider the following example:
Point A has coordinates 45 lat, 0 long. Point B has coordinates 45 lat, 2 long. Both points are 5000 ft above sea level. The distance between them is X.
Point C has coordinates 45 lat, 100 long. Point D has coordinates 45 lat, 102 long. Both points are at sea...
Increases in global temperature change affect the tree line and presumably comfortable habitability via temperature, and average air pressure associated with weather patterns. That's not what I mean. I'm thinking a 1/50 increase in kelvin temperature might increase the scale height of Earth's...
When a ball projected vertically upright reaches its maximum height is it instantaneously stationery (calculus provides for instantaneous events) before it starts its downwards journey?
is gravity acting on the object at that instant?
Newton provides that an object at rest must be subject to...
Since the airplane is flying at a constant speed, then the lift force equals the weight of the airplane. This means that the lift force prior to acceleration is the mass * gravity constant = 29400 N.
When the airplane increases horizontal speed, the lift force increases to 30 kN. This means...
They seem to be similar terms, although elevation & altitude seem to be the exact same thing.
AIUI, the declination of astronomical object refers to the latitude on Earth where it is at the celestial zenith - i.e., straight up, along the line from the Earth's center and surface at such zenith...
A bird is flying at an altitude of 10m above you, his angular position from your point of view is changing at 0.5 rad · s^-1. How fast is the bird flying when he is directly above you?
Hi,
They gave me this formula T = 2piR / v, with T the revolution period of the satellite, R the distance between the center of masses and v the velocity.
They gave me the value of G and the eath's mass and asked to determine the value of R.
I don't even see fromwhere I should start...
Thank...
Summary:: i) Set up a differential equation that describes how the pressure ##p## varies with the distance
r from the center of the planet. Hint: You can base your reasoning on static
equilibrium and Archimedes' principle.
ii)Calculate how the atmospheric pressure p and the density of the...
I got the correct answer to this question with the following calculations, but I do need some correction in terms of what units I'm integrating across.
ρ##\rho ## is density.
mtot=n##m_{tot}=nM##, where n is the number of moles of a substance and M is the molar mass of the substance...
The pressure of oxygen at sea level = ##\frac{20.9}{100} ~\text{x} ~(21.2 ~\text{x} ~ 10^3) = 4430.8~ \text{Pa}##
Then I do not know how to calculate the pressure at altitude 7000 m. I tried using P = ρgh (taking ρ as density of air = 1.3 kg/m3) then subtract the result from 4430.8 Pa but got...
We can not see planets or stars during the day time because of the scattering of the sunlight. But, in space, all planets and stars would be visible. Consider the situation that a rocket is going to space during the day time. At what altitude these stars or planets would become visible? On...
Homework Statement:: n/a
Homework Equations:: n/a
Hello , I am researching some material science and looking for suitable structural materials for high altitude , low level orbit flight .
Would a carbon structure be suitable or would there be pressure problems that cause structural collapse ?
Magnetism as an attractive force can overcome gravity and lift things. I'm suggesting that a horseshoe magnet will overcome gravity and lift things off of the ground. Is there a reduction of magnetic pull with altitude?
I thought it is because of the consevation of the energy, so I used (gravitational potential energy at the top = elastic potential energy). Since the mass of the rocket never changes, I supposed mass= 1kg, and k value is unknown. As a result, I got the result that k value is decreasing as...
I work in HVAC, for those who don't know, and one of the things that you need to protect against in labs and chiller rooms is the risk of asphyxiation due to oxygen displacement by an inert gas. This is often described as analogous to high altitude hypoxia - and the math is related - but is it...
Homework Statement
How come altitude of a mountain is a scalar?
Homework Equations
Scalars = only magnitude
Vectors = have magnitude & direction
The Attempt at a Solution
- Doesn't altitude of a mountain have both magnitude and direction (direction being measured straight up 90 degrees to the...
Hi everyone. I'm a skydiver. i would like to know the maximum altitude from where i can jump from the space and to be able to free fall back to Earth without geting lost in space. i think the actual record is 41425m. here is a brief story about world record spacedive...
This is probably more of a p-chem question but I figure you guys are smart enough to answer this.
FREEZING LEVEL CALCULATION:
Per FAA "A standard temperature lapse rate is when the temperature decreases at the rate of approximately 3.5 °F or 2 °C per thousand feet up to 36,000 feet"
Easy...
Homework Statement
A rocket burns out at an altitude h above the Earth's surface. Its speed v0 at burnout exceeds the escape speed vesc appropriate to the burnout altitude. Show that the speed v of the rocket very far from the Earth is given by v=(v02-v2esc)1/2
Homework Equations
KEf-KEi=Ui-Uf...
I recently watched a video on youtube where a guy fires a 50 cal. rifle straight up into the air and measures the time of flight at about 100s. It got me thinking about what altitude the round reached. So I used the kinematics equations and obtained a value of 12.25km. Amazing, but I wondered...
Specifically, I'm referring to the cabin of an airliner being pressurized to about 8,000 mean sea level.
Technically, the air is less dense, and I've wondered if there is a cooling issue inside the pad's board that results in a less efficient operation?
I fly regularly, and I can take a fully...
The engine was used to propel a small home made air craft. It worked very well while it taxied away and went airborne, then at a certain altitude it stopped abruptly then came crashing down. Why? And what simple engine design can sustain the air craft?
First I'm going to say that I was supposed to select a prefix for this thread... I'm not sure what that's for so my apologies if I did it wrong.
So here's a problem that I was presented with a bit ago (by a flat earther[emoji849][emoji19][emoji44]) and I'm sort of confused. It's been about a...
Does anybody know how to calculate an incoming satellites Altitude of Nominal Burst (not balloon burst altitude) from solar X-ray flux and particle precipitation rates along with other standard variables?
For reference the following link is to an Australian BOM Satellite Orbital Decay...
Hi,
I have a list of measured temperature values of Venus at altitudes from several missions to the planet. This temperature is a combination of outgoing thermal emission from the planet, incoming thermal emission from the sun and any chemical reactions going on in the atmosphere.
Can I use...
So, I was helping someone with some science fiction stuff and got to poking into flight mechanics.
So we've got a balance of lift and weight, and drag and thrust.
The speed at which thrust and drag cancel determines the speed of flight. The speed of flight determines lift, and lift must cancel...
I have a project where I will be launching a rocket from a high altitude weather balloon. I am planning on launching the rocket at around 70Km or even higher. My main concern is the igniter not being able to ignite the engine because of the low amount of oxygen. Is there any way around this...
Homework Statement
So I sent a humidity sensor up in a weather balloon, which gave a reading for relative humidity. I eventually want an absolute humidity, but I am unsure whether I need to correct the output based on the changing density and atmospheric pressure with altitude.
Homework...
Hi, so someone probably has already asked this, but does temperature increase or decrease with depth in a fluid? I thought it would decrease since it has more pressure but it is probably wrong, or doesn't make sense. I was confused because the ocean gets colder the deeper you go, but then does...
Homework Statement
Hello, so I'm in a class that is building sensors and sending them up in a weather balloon. For my project, I am wanting to quantify the greenhouse effect by measuring the intensity of infrared light emitted as thermal radiation from the Earth as a function of height-- the...
(I Live in Michigan - no power at home since yesterday, and likely not until Sunday - 4 days, because of high winds.)
My software genius boss (really, he's very smart,) is trying to tell me that the reason that the power companies do not bury power lines, is because it costs money to push it...
Hi guys.. I've some discussion with my friend. We are teacher. So we must carefully to answer question for student.. there the question is
From figure below, p2 and p1 applied on plane's wings. When airplane landing/decrease altitude, which condition must occupied
A. P1=P2 and v1=v2
B. P1<P2...
Homework Statement
Hello all, I have to determine the maximum height of a model rocket.
The rocket is launched at an 45 degree angle
The finale velocity is 15,69 m/s (v)
the extutevelocety is 14,23 m/s (c)
The total mass is 180 gram (m) or m0)
The emty mass is 52 grams (mf)
The mass pr sek is...
Homework Statement
I'm trying to calculate the absolute lowest safe altitude above a planet's surface to start firing the thrusters on a simulated lander in order tot just reach vCraft = 0 at the planet's surface.
The force the craft's thrusters responsible for desceleration generate is...
Dear friends.
I am a cardiovascular health researcher writing on behalf of my research team based in Copenhagen, Denmark. We plan to conduct a high-altitude field study on cardiopulmonary function assesed by ultrasound on Aconcagua summit in near 7000 meters altitude. Reports say it will be...
Homework Statement
[/B]
g = g0(Re/(Re + A))2
g is the acceleration due to gravity. g0 is the acceleration of gravity at the surface of the earth, A is altitude, and Re is the radius, approximately 6380 km. Assume g0 = 9.8 meters per second squared. If the value of g is 9 meters per second...
Let $\triangle ABC$ be a right-angled triangle with $\angle A = 90^{\circ}$, and $AB < AC$. Let points $D, E, F$ be located on side $BC$ such that $AD$ is the altitude, $AE$ is the internal angle bisector, and $AF$ is the median.
Prove that $3AD + AF > 4AE$
My solution. Can you check it is...
Homework Statement
In the figure Q image2.jpeg (attached), equilateral triangle ABC is inscribed in circle O, whose radius is 4. Altitude BD is extended until it intersects the circle at E. What is the length of DE?
Solution figure is attached. They formed a right angled triangle & calling it...
Hi, this may seem like an odd questions to most of you but I'd still like to ask what could be some visual proofs of being at high altitude, say 10,000 feet above sea level.
While any said proof is not extremely rigorous or untamperable and probably little more than a showy capture to add to...
Homework Statement
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This is a practical problem, no homework question.
I'd like to determine pressure (and O2 partial pressure) at altitude, yet following a more realistic real-world calc including measured data like relative humidity (RH) and temperature at that altitude, yet all I can...