# What is Vector analysis: Definition and 123 Discussions

Vector Analysis is a textbook by Edwin Bidwell Wilson, first published in 1901 and based on the lectures that Josiah Willard Gibbs had delivered on the subject at Yale University. The book did much to standardize the notation and vocabulary of three-dimensional linear algebra and vector calculus, as used by physicists and mathematicians. It was reprinted by Yale in 1913, 1916, 1922, 1925, 1929, 1931, and 1943. The work is now in the public domain. It was reprinted by Dover Publications in 1960.

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1. ### I Equivalence of alternative definitions of conservative vector fields and line integrals in different metric spaces

I have seen conservative vector fields being defined as satisfying either of the two following conditions: The line integral of the vector field around a closed loop is zero. The line integral of the vector field along a path is the function of the endpoints of the curve. It is apparent to me...
2. ### I Trouble with metric. Holonomic basis and the normalised basis

##df=\frac {\partial f}{\partial r} dr+\frac {\partial f}{\partial \theta}d\theta\quad \nabla f=\frac{\partial f}{\partial r}\vec{e_r} +\frac{1}{r}\frac{\partial f}{\partial \theta }\vec{e_\theta }## On the other hand ## g_{rr}=1\:g_{r\theta}=0\:g_{\theta r}=0\;g_{\theta\theta}=r^2\;##So...
3. ### A Vector analysis question. Laplacian of scalar and vector field

If we define Laplacian of scalar field in some curvilinear coordinates ## \Delta U## could we then just say what ##\Delta## is in that orthogonal coordinates and then act with the same operator on the vector field ## \Delta \vec{A}##?
4. ### Normal vector of an embedding surface

I will only care about the ##t## and ##x## coordinates so that ##(t, z, x, x_i) \rightarrow (t,x)##. The normal vector is given by, ##n^\mu = g^{\mu\nu} \partial_\nu S ## How do I calculate ##n^\mu## in terms of ##U## given that the surface is written in terms of ##t## and ##x##? Also, after...
5. ### A Vector analysis and distributions

In many books it is just written that ##\Delta(\frac{1}{r})=0##. However it is only the case when ##r \neq 0##. In general case ##\Delta(\frac{1}{r})=-4\pi \delta(\vec{r})##. What abot ##\mbox{div}(\frac{\vec{r}}{r^3})##? What is that in case where we include also point ##0##?
6. ### Calculating Angle Between E-Field and Current Vectors in Anisotropic Mat.

In a certain anisotropic conductive material, the relationship between the current density ##\vec j## and the electric field ##\vec E## is given by: ##\vec j = \sigma_0\vec E + \sigma_1\vec n(\vec n\cdot\vec E)## where ##\vec n## is a constant unit vector. i) Calculate the angle between the...
7. ### Atmospheric pressure as a function of altitude

Summary:: i) Set up a differential equation that describes how the pressure ##p## varies with the distance r from the center of the planet. Hint: You can base your reasoning on static equilibrium and Archimedes' principle. ii)Calculate how the atmospheric pressure p and the density of the...
8. ### Curvilinear coordinate system: Determine the standardized base vectors

How I would have guessed you were supposed to solve it: What you are supposed to do is just take the gradients of all the u:s and divide by the absolute value of the gradient? But what formula is that why is the way I did not the correct way to do it? Thanks in advance!

17. ### I Explaining Coordinate Rotation in Arfken & Weber Chapter 1

In Mathematical Methods for Physicists, 6th Edition, by Arfken and Weber, Chapter 1 Vector Analysis, pages 8-9, the authors make the following statement: "If Ax and Ay transform in the same way as x and y, the components of the general two-dimensional coordinate vector r, they are the...
18. ### I Do we consider a point in a coordinate system to be a scalar?

Knowing that a scalar quantity doesn't change under rotation of a coordinate system. Do we consider a point in a Cartesian coordinate system (i.e. A (4,5)) a scalar quantity? If yes, why do the components of point A change under rotation of the coordinate system? According to my understanding...
19. ### Engineering Help with magnetic field forces in a motor

Hi all, Not a question about completing homework here, but I'm a teacher looking to create a realistic engineering question for an assignment. I have an engineering scenario I've set for the assignment which is a junior engineer working for a marine engineering company so all of the questions...
20. ### How do I do this trigonometry vector calculation?

Homework Statement A pilot wishes to fly at maximum speed due north. The plane can fly at 100km/h in still air. A 30km/h wind blows from the south-east. Calculate: a) The direction the plane must head to fly north. b) Its speed relative to the ground. Homework Equations Sine Rule...

35. ### I Different types of vector fields?

Vector fields confuses me. What are the differences between (##t## could be any variable, not just time): 1. If the position vector don't have an argument, ##\mathbf{r}=x\mathbf{\hat e}_x+y\mathbf{\hat e}_y+z\mathbf{\hat e}_z=(x,y,z)## so ##\mathbf{E}(\mathbf{r},t)=E_x(\mathbf{r},t)\mathbf{\hat...
36. ### Space vector analysis of 3 phase -- stuck on a concept

I am trying to understand space vectors in 3 phase machines. If you have a balanced 3 phase system, the 3 phasors of voltage, current or whatever... should sum to 0. i<0 + i<-120 + i<-240 = 0. But in this image of a rotating space vector ...
37. ### Problem about existence of partial derivatives at a point

Homework Statement I have the function: f(x,y)=x-y+2x^3/(x^2+y^2) when (x,y) is not equal to (0,0). Otherwise, f(x,y)=0. I need to find the partial derivatives at (0,0). With the use of the definition of the partial derivative as a limit, I get df/dx(0,0)=3 and df/dy(0,0)=-1. However, my...
38. ### I Vector components, scalars & coordinate independence

This question really pertains to motivating why vectors have components whereas scalar functions do not, and why the components of a given vector transform under a coordinate transformation/ change of basis, while scalar functions transform trivially (i.e. ##\phi'(x')=\phi(x)##). In my more...
39. ### Geometry is important for vector analysis?

Hello from Italy I'm switching from CS to Physics BS because i personally find it more various and interesting (and in Rome there is one of the best physics school in the world). Mathematical analysis is a common subject and my credits will be recognised but i didn't study Linear algebra yet...
40. ### Vector Algebra: Finding a parallel vector

Homework Statement A line is given by the equation ##x + 2y - 3z = 7##. Find any vector in the direction parallel to this line in the Cartesian coordinate system. Homework Equations I imagine that there are some fundamental relationships I am missing here that would make this more...
41. ### Is Electric Current a Scalar, Vector, or Constrained Vector?

what is electric current...a scaler or vector?? ...well I personally believe that it is somewhere in between the two extremes (what is not 0,need not be an 1 either :oldbiggrin: ) ...particularly because of the strange similarity we see in vector addition and phasor addition)...some people...
42. ### I Confusion about Dual Basis Vectors: Why are these two relationships equal?

Hello all! I've just started to study general relativity and I'm a bit confused about dual basis vectors. If we have a vector space \textbf{V} and a basis \{\textbf{e}_i\}, I can define a dual basis \{\omega^i\} in \textbf{V}^* such that: \omega^i(\textbf{e}_j) = \delta^i_j But in some pdf and...
43. ### Second derivatives of magnetic potential

Hi there! It looks like you are trying to prove that the second derivatives of the magnetic potential function ##\mathbf{A}## belong to the class ##C(\mathbb{R}^3)##. This is a great question and involves some advanced mathematical techniques. One approach you can take is to use the dominated...
44. ### Calculating if two objects will come within a given distance

I am having trouble calculating if two objects with initial positions and velocity vectors will come within a given distance of one another and if so calculating where the closest approach is. Can anyone point me in the right direction? My initial thoughts are that both are linear functions...
45. ### Field of variable charge distribution over all space

Homework Statement A charge distribution has uniform density in the x-y directions and varies with z according to: ρ(z) = ρ0e−|z|/t where ρ0 and t are constants. (a) Find the potential V (z) and the electric field E(z) (b) Sketch them clearly showing their behaviors in the regions |z| ≪ t...
46. ### Is there a generalized curl operator for dimensions higher than 3?

Hi, i now studying vector calculus, and for sheer curiosity i would like know if there exist a direct fashion to generalize the rotor operator, to more than 3 dimensions! On wiki there exist a voice https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curl_(mathematics)#Generalizations , but I do not know how you...
47. ### Physical motivation for integrals over scalar field?

I'm looking for good examples of physical motivation for integrals over scalar field. Here is an example I've found: If you want to know the final temperature of an object that travels through a medium described with a temperature field then you'll need a line integral It appears to me that...
48. ### Geometry Textbook on Co-ordinate Geometry and Vector Analysis

Could you suggest me any textbook on Co-ordinate Geometry and Vector Analysis?
49. ### Vector analysis, calculate path

Homework Statement I have these vectorfields defined on the specified set. All of them are conservative on their set. Also i have three unit circles C1, C2 and C3 centered respectively on (0,0) , (-2,0) and (-1,0) I need to find the line integrals over all of them on H (beregn = calculate...
50. ### Vector Analysis using Basis Vectors

Hi pf, Having some trouble with basis vectors for expanding a given vector in 3-D space. Any given vector in 3-D space can be given by a sum of component vectors in the form: V = e1V1 + e2V2 + e3V3 (where e1, e2 and e3 are the same as i, j and k unit vectors). Equation 1. I am happy with...