eigenfunction Definition and Topics - 7 Discussions

In mathematics, an eigenfunction of a linear operator D defined on some function space is any non-zero function f in that space that, when acted upon by D, is only multiplied by some scaling factor called an eigenvalue. As an equation, this condition can be written as


{\displaystyle Df=\lambda f}
for some scalar eigenvalue λ. The solutions to this equation may also be subject to boundary conditions that limit the allowable eigenvalues and eigenfunctions.
An eigenfunction is a type of eigenvector.

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  1. C

    I Differences between the PCA function and Karhunen-Loève expansion

    Hello everyone. I am currently using the pca function from matlab on a gaussian process. Matlab's pca offers three results. Coeff, Score and Latent. Latent are the eigenvalues of the covariance matrix, Coeff are the eigenvectors of said matrix and Score are the representation of the original...
  2. Z

    Eigenstates of a free electron in a uniform magnetic field

    I started with the first of the relevant equations, replacing the p with the operator -iħ∇ and expanding the squared term to yield: H = (-ħ^2 / 2m)∇^2 + (iqħ/m)A·∇ + (q^2 / 2m)A^2 + qV But since A = (1/2)B x r (iqħ/m)A·∇ = (iqħ / 2m)(r x ∇)·B = -(q / 2m)L·B = -(qB_0 / 2m)L_z and A^2 =...
  3. Yourong Zang

    Eigensolution of the wave function in a potential field.

    1. Homework Statement Consider a potential field $$V(r)=\begin{cases}\infty, &x\in(-\infty,0]\\\frac{\hslash^2}{m}\Omega\delta(x-a), &x\in(0,\infty)\end{cases}$$ The eigenfunction of the wave function in this field suffices...
  4. Yourong Zang

    A Confusing eigensolutions of a wave function

    Consider a potential cavity $$V(r)=\begin{cases}\infty, &x\in(-\infty,0]\\\frac{\hslash^2}{m}\Omega\delta(x-a), &x\in(0,\infty)\end{cases}$$ The eigenfunction of the wave function in this field suffices $$-\frac{\hslash^2}{2m}\frac{d^2\psi}{dx^2}+\frac{\hslash^2}{m}\Omega\delta(x-a)\psi=E\psi$$...
  5. B

    Schrodinger equation and boundary conditions

    Hi at all, I'm tring to solve Schrodinger equation in spherically simmetry with these bondary conditions: ##\lim_{r \rightarrow 0} u(r)\ltimes r^{l+1}## ##\lim_{r \rightarrow 0} u'(r)\ltimes (l+1)r^{l}## For eigenvalues, the text I'm following says that I have to consider that the...
  6. S

    Why are we only considering the first eigenfrequencies?

    Hey, I have a question concerning eigenfrequencies: Let us assume we examine a beam that is fixed at one end and free at the other end. It is possible to get an analytical solution in form of a unlimtied series: sum_i=1..infinity eigenfunction(i)*exp(i*eigenfrequencie(i)*t). (something...
  7. S

    A Convolution operator spectrum

    Hi everyone, I have some knowledge of Hilbert spaces and Functional Analysis and I have the following question. I ofter have read that "Fourier transform diagonalize the convolution operator". So, we can say that for LTI systems (that can always be described with a convolution and "live" in...