In fluid dynamics, the drag coefficient (commonly denoted as:
c
d
{\displaystyle c_{d}}
,
c
x
{\displaystyle c_{x}}
or
c
w
{\displaystyle c_{w}}
) is a dimensionless quantity that is used to quantify the drag or resistance of an object in a fluid environment, such as air or water. It is used in the drag equation in which a lower drag coefficient indicates the object will have less aerodynamic or hydrodynamic drag. The drag coefficient is always associated with a particular surface area.The drag coefficient of any object comprises the effects of the two basic contributors to fluid dynamic drag: skin friction and form drag. The drag coefficient of a lifting airfoil or hydrofoil also includes the effects of lift-induced drag. The drag coefficient of a complete structure such as an aircraft also includes the effects of interference drag.
For my 12th grade school project, I'm planning to research on the effect of vent ratio on the drag coefficient of round parachutes. My idea was to make small model parachutes and drop them from a height, and derive the drag coefficient after certain assumptions. But I also thought it'd be...
For a nonconservative force,
What would be the dissipative function for a force f=-bvⁿ in Lagrangian
(Where v is the velocity)
[#qoute for a nonconservative force f=-bv
The dissipative function is D=-(1/2)bv² ]
Since ##f=\frac{\partial D}{\partial \dot x}## so the dissipative function should...
I want to make a video game about snipers and I would like it to have proper bullet physics, not something very accurate, but with "credible" bullet physics. So I need to implement a simple trajectory solver.
I thought of taking into account just the gravity and turbulent air drag. The...
Hi guys, for my final high school project I want to create a simulation in Unity (A game engine) in which you should be able to make an airplane fly with extremely accurate physics. In the regular formula for Drag is: Fd = 1/2 * ρ * v^2 * Cd * A. I can get all these things except the Drag...
Hi,
I have an experimental setup where we are taking certain different types of metals of varying shapes and sizes, weighing them, taking approximate measurements, and then blowing it off of a table of a fixed height with an Air Nozzle. The data taken down in experiment is the PSI at which the...
I was trying to look for an L/D ratio published everywhere on the web and I can't seem to find it for our project. Since I couldn't find it, I wanted to try calculating myself. Can't seem to find $$C_l$$ or $$C_d$$ though without some sort of paywall on research papers.
So L/D would just be...
(New thread following up to a conversation in another thread).
I'm using SimFlow 3.1 with OpenFOAM 5 on Linux to try to evaluate the drag coefficient of a water rocket body, constructed from a 2-liter Coke bottle with a conical nose, traveling through air at 77 m/s.
This should be a simple...
Hi there,
I have modeled with MAXSURF a few variations of a prehistoric logboat in order to test a few theories. Now, I am trying to look at resistance-performance over a range of speed. To do so, I need to include a constant drag coefficient without knowing the drag force and velocity (both...
Homework Statement
A baseball has a terminal speed of 42 m/s in air (ρ = 1.2 kg/m^3). What would be its terminal speed in water (ρ = 1.0 x 10^3 kg/m^3)?
A) 0.05 m/s
B) 1.5 m/s
C) 18 m/s
D) 42 m/s
E) 1200 m/s
Homework Equations
D=½Cρ*Av^2
where the magnitude of the drag force (D), relative...
In 1851 Fizeau made a famous experiment which corroborated de Fresnel's drag coefficient of the luminiferous ether. In the experiment two light beams traveled through a tube of moving water (at 7cm per second), one moving against the water flow (let's called it beam A), and one for the water...
So I did a project about a year ago and I can't remember one of the things I wrote in this equation.
The equation apparently I got it from NASA's website.
https://www.grc.nasa.gov/www/k-12/airplane/dragco.html
This is my equation
CD = FL/ (0.5 * Air viscosity * V^2 * Area) = 0.4
These are...
Hello,
I am finishing my IB internal assessment in physics. I have thrown four balls (with different masses, 400,450,475,500 grams) from a height, which is approximately 23 meters. My teacher told me to set up a graph which showed mass vs. vt^2.
He said that the inverse of M=...
As I have looked through the internet and did my research I have found some information on how to calculate the drag coefficient, however none of what I have search for matches what I need. Currently I am doing a physics assignment for grade 12 and I am investigating the physics behind...
Just to the point..
How Turbulence Intensity affect a drag? As far as I know if there is decrease in Turbulence Intensity, the coefficient of drag will decrease to, but I don't know why the reason behind that. Also, the relationship with flow separation too.
I hope someone can help me with...
Hello everyone,
I am predicting the altitude of a model rocket based on some testing I did where I found the impulse of a little single stage model rocket motor. I am wondering how to incorporate drag into my calculations to make it more accurate. I know D=Cd*rho*v^2*A and I can definitely find...
Hi everyone!
As an experiment I am trying to calculate building my own PWC similar to a jetski assuming it is for sea level use. I really appreciate all detailed answers as I want to understand. The impeller will be installed under rear of craft, engine is mounted on top.
Given Information...
Homework Statement
Coal miners often find mice in deep mines but rarely find rats; let’s see if we can figure out why. A mouse is roughly 5 cm long by 2 cm wide and has a mass of 30 g; a rat is roughly 20 cm long by 5 cm wide and has a mass of 500 g. Assume that both have a drag coefficient CD...
I've read that drag coefficient depends on the shape of the object but I am confused as to what shape means. Does it mean geometric shape or is area included in that? Say I have one sphere of radius r and keep fluid velocity, density, and viscosity constant and find its drag coefficient. Would...
Homework Statement
A baseball is hit at a height of 3 ft off thte ground. It leaves the bat with an initial speed of 165ft/sec, at an angle of 10 degrees from the horizontal. The linear drag coefficient is k=0.38; gravitational acceleration is 32 ft/sec^2
Homework Equations
[/B]
Find a vector...
Hello,
What shape has the lowest drag coefficient at ground level and at subsonic speeds (0-150kph) with the following dimensions?
Width 60cm (at 45%)
Height 120cm (at 45%)
Length 220cm
These dimensions will fit my motorcycle (not too narrow and not too long).
I am thinking it would be a...
So i am working on a program that models the movement of a rocket through different planets. and i sm starting to get teach my self fluid dynamics. As i was reading a presentation by NASA about the forces that act on a rocket they got into shape effects on drag, i noticed from their equation Cd...
Hello!
I'm trying to model a car slowing down from speed with the forces of drag and friction and gravity from the road slope..
The model, which models the resistive forces is as follows..
[ Ffriction + Fdrag + Fslope ] / m = -a (deceleration)
where:
Friction force
Ffriction = A...
Homework Statement
A ball was dropped through a known vertical distance with the time of drop also recorded. The aim of the task is to create a numerical model in excel in order to approximate the drag coefficient.
Homework Equations
This is my method.
1. FBD for the ball falling. (assume...