What is Books: Definition and 996 Discussions

A book is a medium for recording information in the form of writing or images, typically composed of many pages (made of papyrus, parchment, vellum, or paper) bound together and protected by a cover. The technical term for this physical arrangement is codex (plural, codices). In the history of hand-held physical supports for extended written compositions or records, the codex replaces its predecessor, the scroll. A single sheet in a codex is a leaf and each side of a leaf is a page.
As an intellectual object, a book is prototypically a composition of such great length that it takes a considerable investment of time to compose and still considered as an investment of time to read. In a restricted sense, a book is a self-sufficient section or part of a longer composition, a usage that reflects the fact that, in antiquity, long works had to be written on several scrolls and each scroll had to be identified by the book it contained. Each part of Aristotle's Physics is called a book. In an unrestricted sense, a book is the compositional whole of which such sections, whether called books or chapters or parts, are parts.
The intellectual content in a physical book need not be a composition, nor even be called a book. Books can consist only of drawings, engravings or photographs, crossword puzzles or cut-out dolls. In a physical book, the pages can be left blank or can feature an abstract set of lines to support entries, such as in an account book, an appointment book, an autograph book, a notebook, a diary or a sketchbook. Some physical books are made with pages thick and sturdy enough to support other physical objects, like a scrapbook or photograph album. Books may be distributed in electronic form as ebooks and other formats.
Although in ordinary academic parlance a monograph is understood to be a specialist academic work, rather than a reference work on a scholarly subject, in library and information science monograph denotes more broadly any non-serial publication complete in one volume (book) or a finite number of volumes (even a novel like Proust's seven-volume In Search of Lost Time), in contrast to serial publications like a magazine, journal or newspaper. An avid reader or collector of books is a bibliophile or colloquially, "bookworm". A place where books are traded is a bookshop or bookstore. Books are also sold elsewhere and can be borrowed from libraries. Google has estimated that by 2010, approximately 130,000,000 titles had been published. In some wealthier nations, the sale of printed books has decreased because of the increased usage of ebooks.

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  1. N

    Other Which Springer books to buy? (QM, GR and statistical mechanics)

    Hello, Springer books are on sale this week so I wanted to buy some textbooks to support my studies and (eventual) future career. I'm an undergrad (in europe) and my courses next year will be QM, GR and statistical mechanics, so I was looking for books about these topics, but any suggestion on...
  2. Photonico

    Other How to select one from these two books? (Physical Mathematics)

    Dear everyone, I'm an HDR student in Condensed Matter Physics. I want to enhance my math ability with the aim is learning physics. I found two books, they seem all fit my purpose. 1. Mathematical Physics 2nd by S.Hassani 2. Physical Mathematics 2nd by K.Cahill I want to choose one of them to...
  3. hudsonj

    Intro Physics Pop-sci books about condensed matter physics or superconductivity?

    I was wondering if anyone knows of any technical pop-sci books about condensed matter physics and/or superconductivity that are at the technical level of something like the "A Very Short Introduction" series or the Feynman lectures. That is, something that goes sufficiently into depth into the...
  4. T

    Calculus Multivariable calculus PDF books

    Multivariable calculus is a branch of mathematics that extends the concepts of single-variable calculus to functions of multiple variables. In this subject, vectors and partial derivatives are introduced to represent and manipulate multi-dimensional data. The gradient of a function represents...
  5. Trysse

    Geometry Looking for books (or papers) on the Cartesian coordinate system

    I am looking for more books like this one: https://archive.org/details/MethodOfCoordinateslittleMathematicsLibrary Method of Coordinaes (Little Mathematics Library) by A. S. Smogorzhevsky I am also interested in papers if you can suggest any. I am interested in texts, that explore the idea of...
  6. S

    Geometry Books about 2D and 3D figures with explanations and problems?

    I am looking for books that contain explanations (or to be able to answer) about something like this: 1) Exterior Angle Bisector Theorem The external angle bisector of a triangle divides the opposite side externally in the ratio of the sides containing the angle. This condition occurs usually...
  7. jedishrfu

    USBORNE Publishers Offers 1980'2 Era Computer Books for Free

    https://usborne.com/us/books/computer-and-coding-books While the source code is ancient, it brings back memories of a simpler time when we were crazy for our personal computers.
  8. malawi_glenn

    Other Collection of Free Online Physics Books and Lecture Notes (Part 2)

    This is part 2 of my thread Collection of Free Online Math Books and Lecture Notes Here, we will consider physics and mathematical methods for physics resources. Now, this is a work in progress. Please feel free comment regarding items you want to be included, or if a link is broken etc. Note...
  9. paulimerci

    Intro Physics Recommendations on Introductory physics and AP physics 1 books?

    Greetings to all. I'm looking for the best textbook for introductory physics that has clear explanations and is problem-oriented. I'd also appreciate any recommendations for textbooks for the AP Physics 1 exam.
  10. anm_ol

    Relativity Free Books & Lectures on Special Theory of Relativity

    I recently viewed some online free lecture series on Special theory of Relativity. I think I have an understanding of the basics so far, but would like some books for problems on special relativity. (Preferably solutions or at least answer keys included). It would be a great help if they...
  11. Clockclocle

    I Can a Tower of Books Move with Lighter Forces?

    Suppose n book stack on each other. Since each book have the same weigh then the last book exert a force N=nmg on the surface so it has the biggest static friction. But if we treat the whole tower of books as one particle it also has N=nmg. This mean if we exert enough force in the last book...
  12. murshid_islam

    Any other books like David Acheson's "The Wonder Book of Geometry"?

    TL;DR Summary: Looking for books similar to "The Wonder Book of Geometry" by David Acheson I loved David Acheson's "The Wonder Book of Geometry". Can you recommend other books like that?
  13. Strato Incendus

    Modern Sci-Fi Books and Their Apparent Obsession with Brain Implants

    Semi-rant incoming: In both of the two science-fiction novels I’ve touched most recently (“Braking Day” by Adam Oyebanji and “The Forever Watch” by David Ramirez), all the characters having a bunch of implants was simply the default. Now I came across a story named K3+ (by Erasmo Acosta) that...
  14. malawi_glenn

    Other Collection of Free Online Math Books and Lecture Notes (part 1)

    School starts soon, and I know students are looking to get their textbooks at bargain prices 🤑 Inspired by this thread I thought that I could share some of my findings of 100% legally free textbooks and lecture notes in mathematics and mathematical physics (mostly focused on geometry) (some of...
  15. cemtu

    Solid State Good Condensed Matter Physics Books and Semiconductor Physics Books

    Can you please recommend me some condensed matter physics study books and semi-conductor physics study books? Much Appreciated!
  16. H

    Other General Science level books for Defence technology

    Additional/Optional Subject: Space and Defence technology. Began a week ago, they taught a whole week, for 2.5 hours per day on space technology: Orbiter, Rover, Ramjet, Scramjet, Air-breathing engine, Reusable Launching Vehicle and et cetra ... et cetra... Thought, I, could absorb and...
  17. haider

    Engineering Books on Analog Computing

    I'm not sure if this is the right sub-forum for this question but I've been reading online about solving differential equations with analog circuits for a while now and I wanted to get started by making my own circuits. So far I've found some DIY articles and cursory guides but I'd rather get...
  18. R

    Quantum Books recommendation covering the Hydrogen atom and Kepler's laws (separately)

    Hi, I have an interview for masters degree program in 2 weeks and they asked to study two subjects thoroughly, first being Hydrogen atom and second being Kepler's laws. anyone recommends one book about each subject with advanced level questions that would help me understand the subjects to a...
  19. StenEdeback

    Books about Kähler manifolds, Ricci flatness and other things

    Summary:: Books about Kähler manifolds, Ricci flatness and similar things Hi, I have an MSc degree in electronics, and I worked with IT. I was always interested in theoretical physics and did extra studies of this in my youth. Now as a pensioner I do private studies for fun. I have studied...
  20. theycallmevirgo

    Any favorite books on propeller/impeller design?

    Quite a few options on Amazon but I wanted to ask around before I bought anything. Bonus points for anything using modern FEA packages. Thanks so much in advance Joe
  21. Vividly

    Newton’s Principia of Mathematics

    Summary:: What kind of geometry/Math do I need to understand to read this book? Hey people! I would like to know what kind of geometry and/or math would I need to understand this book. I skimmed through it( The translated version by Florian Cajori) and seen that it gets technical with shapes.
  22. P

    Foundations Should I start with Lang's Basic Mathematics or Gelfand's books?

    I want to review early mathematics to cover the gaps in my knowledge, yet I'm struggling with where to start, or more precisely, how? Should I just go into Lang's book and start developing a sense for proofs and mathematical rigour while also understanding the topics that I missed in school? Or...
  23. ergospherical

    Other "Little" Physics books

    There's a number of "small" (in size) paperbacks which I've quite enjoyed reading, e.g. Schroedinger's <100 page statistical thermodynamics lectures, J.W. Leech's classical mechanics text, etc. Books of this sort are very portable and easy to dip into whenever you get a free 15 minutes or so...
  24. F

    Prob/Stats Which Probability books are good for the first course?

    Please tell me some good books on Probability for first course.
  25. BWV

    Best SF Books of this century?

    Trolling for more reading material, my list: Alastair Reynolds: Pushing Ice, House of Suns Neal Stephenson: Seveneves Peter Hamilton: Commonwealth Saga Cixin Liu: Three Body Problem
  26. ergospherical

    Other Physics puzzle/problem books at the undergraduate/graduate level?

    Without trying to sound too wistful, back in school there was a good selection of miscellaneous problem books like Professor Povey's perplexing problems, 200 Puzzling physics problems, Irodov, Jaan Kalda and all the olympiad stuff, etc. Do there exist equivalents of these puzzle books aimed at a...
  27. MidgetDwarf

    Other Good Physics books from Springer at the Undergad level?

    Springer has a 50% currently till the end of December. I know plenty of good math textbooks from Springer, but what are some good physics books? Particularly at the undergraduate level.
  28. C

    I would like to recommend a mind-blowing sci fi books that I have just read

    The link is here: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B09KSB7TNC/?tag=pfamazon01-20 The Creator : AI and doomsday virus One of the best sci-fi I have read recently.
  29. BadgerBadger92

    Other Best trigonometry books for beginners and self study

    I am teaching myself math and wondering if any of you have recommendations on trigonometry books for beginners and self study. Any help is appreciated!
  30. B

    Quantum Advice for useful math books for a college student studying physics

    Advice for useful math books for a college student studying physics
  31. Demystifier

    Other Books on human irrationality

    Perhaps psychology is not exactly a "science" in a STEM sense, but understanding human irrationality is these days important more than ever before. To beat the pandemic or the climate changes, we have to cope not only with medical and environment issues, but also with human irrationality. Some...
  32. ipsky

    Intro Physics Opinions on books for (self) studies in statistical physics

    Nearly two decades after I graduated with an engineering degree, I'm currently studying for a master's with a particular emphasis on conceptual/theoretical statistical physics. Based on my interests and stylistic preferences, I'm using the following books to build my understanding of physical...
  33. M

    MHB Expected number of sold books and profit

    Hey! :giggle: A bookstore buys 15 copies of a book at a price of 20 euros each and offers them on sale for 30 euros each. The contract provides that the bookstore after a year can return the unsold copies of the book and receive 18 euros each. Let the number of sold copies of this book in a...
  34. BadgerBadger92

    Intro Physics Best Beginner Physics Books

    I am looking for a book that teaches the basics of physics that is easy to understand and good for self teaching. Any good suggestions?
  35. BadgerBadger92

    Relativity Good Beginner's General Relativity Books?

    I want to learn General Relativity so I am looking for a good beginners book with low amounts of math and clear explanations. Any suggestions?
  36. BadgerBadger92

    Non Mathematical Quantum Field Theory Books?

    Are there any QFT books that use little to no math? If there is a little math that is okay. I don't know much about math. I am looking for good explanations on how it works without math. Any help would be great!
  37. rudransh verma

    Classical Need help with popular science books

    I am currently reading some introductory physics. I am following resnik and Halliday. Can anyone suggest me some good general books on physics which would go comfortably with my resnik book. I need to read some general material not something technical. If possible on classical mechanics and...
  38. C

    Prob/Stats Books on Combinatorics, Permutations and Probability

    Hello! I am looking for textbooks to relearn Combinatorics, Permutations Combinations and Probability and also Matrix algebra( decomposition, etc). I had done these many years ago and the course/books provided to me at that time weren't that great. So I want to relearn this with a more...
  39. S

    Classical Looking for Griffith-style books on mechanics, thermodynamics, astronomy

    Hello! Searching for above mentioned books for my Bsc studies. Like his style and the quantum and electro books were very well written(in my opinion) and easy to navigate through, also liked the pre-explained math tools i need for the book. Tried Goldstein and Taylor books on mechanics but they...
  40. V

    Books that teach classical mechanics through a discourse method

    Books that teaches classical mechanics through a discourse method ie asking interesting questions and answering them maybe a similar one to Understanding Basic Chemistry Through Problem Solving: The Learner's Approach Book by Jeanne Tan and Kim Seng Chan. Not exactly asking numerical questions...
  41. S

    Classical Waves books -- Looking for better textbooks to augment my class materials

    Are there any good textbooks about waves? Like Pain or French except written competently, devoid of mistakes and logical even axiomatic. Ambitious with strong math. Can be old. We were recommended to read Pain but that book is a joke and French is just a simplified version thereof. Problems are...
  42. S

    Intro Physics Books for high school physics E&M [No integrals]

    Can you recommend introductory physics book for high school that contains E & M ? It should not have any integrals.
  43. DanielJorge

    Intro Physics Introductory physics books?

    Are there any books that are NOT like "University Physics (Young)" / "Fundamentals of Physics (Halliday)" in presentation, but that are suitable for a first course on the subjects of those books? The mentioned books are too "flashy", full of colorful boxes, etc. I don't like this and I find it...
  44. korwynkim

    Intro Physics General introductory physics books compared to specific books on each topic

    What exactly is the difference in the way an general physics book (Halliday and Resnick, Young and Freedman) covers topics like mechanics, EM, and thermodynamics, compared to respective books like Kleppner and Kolenkow, Griffiths, and Schroeder, other than the amount of material covered for each...
  45. Falgun

    Geometry Confusion about Differential Geometry Books

    I was just browsing through the textbooks forum a few days ago when I came across a post on differential geometry books. Among the others these two books by the same author seem to be the most widely recommended: Elementary Differential Geometry (Barret O' Neill) Semi-Riemannian Geometry with...
  46. edukso

    B Quantum Entanglement Books

    Hello! I would be really thankful if you could recommend me a good book for an introduction to quantum entanglement . Thanks!
  47. K

    Other Books on entropy

    Hello! Could you please recommend me some good books about entropy for physics enthusiasts (someone who doesn't know physics but wants to learn about this)? Thank you!
  48. I

    Geometry Geometrical books (differential geometry, tensors, variational mech.)

    I am looking for math books that focus on geometrical interpretations. Sadly most of the modern books lack these interpretations and only consists out of theorems and proofs. It seems to me that most modern mathematicians are pure left-brain sequential thinkers that do not have a lot of...
  49. F

    Linear Algebra What are good books for a third course in Linear Algebra?

    What are the suitable books in linear algebra for third course for self-study after reading Linear Algebra done right by Axler and Algebra by Artin?
  50. Wrichik Basu

    Other Any books on these topics in Analog electronics?

    In our fourth semester academic curriculum, we have a paper on Analog Electronics. (For those who don't know: I am studying UG physics major.) I have found some good lectures online that cover a part of the course, but I don't have any material for the rest of the topics. The following topics...