# What is Surface integral: Definition and 260 Discussions

In mathematics, particularly multivariable calculus, a surface integral is a generalization of multiple integrals to integration over surfaces. It can be thought of as the double integral analogue of the line integral. Given a surface, one may integrate a scalar field (that is, a function of position which returns a scalar as a value) over the surface, or a vector field (that is, a function which returns a vector as value). If a region R is not flat, then it is called a surface as shown in the illustration.
Surface integrals have applications in physics, particularly with the theories of classical electromagnetism.

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1. ### Center of mass of spherical shell inside of cone (Apostol Problem).

I am asking this question because my solution does not seem to match the solution at the end of the book (Apostol Vol II, section 12.10, problem 9). Here is my attempt to solve this problem. If our coordinate system is chosen such that the z-axis lines up with the axis of the cone then by...
2. ### A Calculate a tensor as the sum of gradients and compute a surface integral

I am trying to compute the stress tensor defined as ##\vec{\Pi}=\eta(\nabla{\vec{u}}+\nabla{\vec{u}}^T)## where ##T## indicates the transpose. The vector field ##\vec{u}## is defined as follows: ##\vec{u}(\vec{r})=(\frac{a}{r})^3(\vec{\omega} \times \vec{r})## with ##a## being a constant...

26. ### Determining between direct evaluation or vector theorems

So the main thing I'm wondering is given a question how do we determine whether to use one of the fundamentals theorems of vector calculus or just directly evaluate the integral, and if usage of one of the theorems is required how do we determine which one to use in the situation? Examples are...
27. ### How Do You Choose the Correct Polar Coordinates for Surface Integrals?

Homework Statement Solve the surface integral ##\displaystyle \iint_S z^2 \, dS##, where ##S## is the part of the paraboloid ##x=y^2+z^2## given by ##0 \le x \le 1##. Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution First, we make the parametrization ##x=u^2+v^2, \, y=u, \, z = v##, so let...
28. X

### Surface Integral of Outward Normal Vector over a Spherical Surface

Homework Statement Let n be the unit outward normal of a spherical surface of Radius R, let the surface of the sphere be denoted by S. Evalute Surface integral of nndS Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution I have evaluated the surface integral of ndS and found it to be 0. but am not...

47. ### Surface integral for line current

Homework Statement Calculate the integral ##\oint_C \vec F \cdot d\vec S##, where ##C## is the closed curve constructed by the intersection of the surfaces ##z = \frac{x^2+y^2}{4a}## and ##x^2+y^2+z^2=9a^2##, and ##\vec F## is the field ##\vec F = F_0\left( \frac{a}{\rho}+\frac{\rho^2}{a^2}...
48. ### Spherical coordinates path integral and stokes theorem

Homework Statement Homework Equations The path integral equation, Stokes Theorem, the curl The Attempt at a Solution [/B] sorry to put it in like this but it seemed easier than typing it all out. I have a couple of questions regarding this problem that I hope can be answered. First...
49. ### Force on a superconducting cube

Hi everyone, I need some help to look if I did these calculations right.Let us assume a three dimensional magnetic field: ##\vec{B}(x,y,z) = B_x(x,y,z)\hat{x} + B_y(x,y,z)\hat{y} + B_z(x,y,z)\hat{z}## The equation for the force on a superconducting particle in a magnetic field is given by...
50. ### What is the purpose of a surface integral and how is it calculated?

I'm beyond multi-variable calculus, where this is taught, but I still don't know what the hell a surface integral is. I understand that d\sigma is the surface element, and | \frac{\partial \vec{r}}{\partial u}du \times \frac{\partial \vec{r}}{\partial v}dv | = d\sigma = |\frac{\partial...