What is Electric circuit: Definition and 201 Discussions
An electrical network is an interconnection of electrical components (e.g., batteries, resistors, inductors, capacitors, switches, transistors) or a model of such an interconnection, consisting of electrical elements (e.g., voltage sources, current sources, resistances, inductances, capacitances). An electrical circuit is a network consisting of a closed loop, giving a return path for the current. Linear electrical networks, a special type consisting only of sources (voltage or current), linear lumped elements (resistors, capacitors, inductors), and linear distributed elements (transmission lines), have the property that signals are linearly superimposable. They are thus more easily analyzed, using powerful frequency domain methods such as Laplace transforms, to determine DC response, AC response, and transient response.
A resistive circuit is a circuit containing only resistors and ideal current and voltage sources. Analysis of resistive circuits is less complicated than analysis of circuits containing capacitors and inductors. If the sources are constant (DC) sources, the result is a DC circuit. The effective resistance and current distribution properties of arbitrary resistor networks can be modeled in terms of their graph measures and geometrical properties.A network that contains active electronic components is known as an electronic circuit. Such networks are generally nonlinear and require more complex design and analysis tools.
We know that E is conservative so the integral of E around a closed loop is zero. I know this helps us (in some way, that's why i'm asking) to calculate the total voltage drop around the complete circuit (which is zero).
What exactly is "E" in the integral? For example, internet says "electric...
I know that a voltage difference doesn't necessarily imply current flow, but all the explanations I seem to find of that either say that that happens because the resistance is infinite, or there is nothing connecting the two points in question (the two are basically the same thing, as I...
Using KVL we have ##\epsilon_1-\epsilon_2+iR=0##.
It seems that ##\epsilon_1,\epsilon_2##, and ##R## are given and the only variable is ##i##.
Thus, ##i=\frac{\epsilon_2-\epsilon_1}{R}## for the KVL equation to be true.
However, it seems like when we think about what happens to this circuit...
TL;DR Summary: How do we show that the dependent current source in a single-stage amplifier sinks power for ##v_{\text{out}}>0## and sources power for ##v_{\text{out}}<0##
I am trying to solve a problem set from MIT OpenCourseWare's 6.002 "Circuits and Electronics" course.
There is a problem...
I think I managed to solve the entire problem, as I show below. My main doubt is about item (e), the incremental circuit.
Part (a)
Using the node method and KCL we reach
$$\frac{v_I-v_A}{2}=10(1-e^{-v_A/5})\tag{1}$$
Part (b)
We can simplify (1) to
$$v_A=5\ln{\left ( \frac{20}{v_A+20-v_I}...
Part (a)
The circuit in figure 1b is linear. It is a simple voltage divider circuit.
The relationship between a voltage source ##V_I## and output voltage ##V_O## is
$$V_O=\frac{R_LR_{IN}}{R_L+R_{IN}}V_I$$
This relationship is true individually and independently for the DC voltage source and...
Here is the circuit and the v-i characteristics
KCL gives us ##i_S=i_1+i_2##.
Thus, (a) and (b) are solved quickly by noting that for ##v\in [0,1]## we have ##i_1+i_2=0## so ##v## can't be in this interval for a positive current.
If we try ##v\in [1,\infty)## then we get...
I am quite stumped here.
This is what I did so far.
1) The first thing I did was to forget about the terminals to the left and the diode, and to write the circuit as a Thevenin equivalent circuit. Then I put in the diode. However, the terminals we are interested in are lost when we do this...
The following circuit is:
Going clockwise the current ##I_1## goes through resistor ##R_1## and voltage ##V_11##. Current ##I_2## goes through capacitator ##C_1## and ##R_2##.
Current ##I_3## goes through resistors ##R_3## and ##R_4##. Current ##I_4## goes through resistor ##R_5##, but from...
This problem is from problem set 2 of MIT OCW's 6.002 "Circuits and Electronics". There are no solutions to these problems sets, so I am posting here in case anyone spots mistakes in my solution.
Here are the two interconnected networks and their ##v-i## graphs
Here is the roadmap for this post...
It's a multiple choice exercise and I have managed to find the characteristic equation V0(t) which is ##V_0(t)= C_1e^{-t}+C_2e^{-3t}##
Initially I thought that it was a non homogeneous ODE, but doing the math for the right part of the equation, I found out that it equals to 0.
So, I need help...
Consider the following circuit
The first thing we do is to label each terminal of each circuit element. We use the labels + and -.
We could assign these differently (and I will do this in a second example further below), but for now let's stick with these labels.
Next, we assign terminal...
let's discuss copper wire all along so we only focus on the specific wire. Let's discuss 2 cases(case 1 is hopefully correct, so if it is, would be good to mention it).
I'm sorry that this text got so bigger(didn't expect it), but wanted to mention my thought process. Somehow, none of the...
In the given circuit, a transient current will flow and when this current finally stops at equilibrium, the charges ##q_1## and ##q_2## are assumed to deposit at the capacitor plates as shown below. The dashed line indicates an isolated system that will have it's total charge conserved.
If I...
What is the difference between a variable capacitor in a AM receiver and a variable capacitor in a FM receiver? I understand that Am is amplitude modulation and that the signal is carried over a changing amplitude and that the frequency is constant. And the opposite in FM signals. And a variable...
I have a 30V - 100A power supply that I want to control using a -/+ 10V NI DAQ. I want a relay between the current output of DAQ and the power supply. Please advise the specification of relay to use. I'd appreciate a comment on how to connect it also.
The figure is:
I have the solution to this problem:
We have two distinct branches
$$V_a-V_b=\overbrace{(V_a-V_c)}^{\textrm{INI}-\textrm{FIN}}+\overbrace{(V_c-V_b)}^{\textrm{FIN}-\textrm{INI}}$$
They have different intensities: ##3\, \textrm{mA}## and ##2\, \textrm{mA}##
##V_A-V_C\rightarrow##...
So I know I have to use kirchhoff's Voltage Law so when I apply it's:
-12+4i+2Vo-4-Vo=0
and Vo=6i so --> -16+4i+2(6i)-(6i)=0 but apparently that's wrong and Vo should be =-6i and so when I substitute it in the equation it should be
-16+4i+2(-6i)-(-6i)=0 and I don't understand why.
In this thread, I hope to find some help in understanding one of the first application of Faraday's law of induction: the "Barlow's wheel".
Basically the machine converts electrical power to mechanical, so as you can imagine, a battery, some conductor wires, a horseshoe magnet and a metal wheel...
Summary:: The image shows two circuits, in the first one, using Nodal Analysis we find that V1=4.8V, but in the second circuit V1=10 because using KCL - 10+V1=0. I understand what happened in the first circuit, but I don't understand what happened in the second one, they look the same to me...
Summary:: So I found Vth=1.19 using Nodal analysis and I'm not sure if that's right, I'm trying to find Rth now but I'm confused as to what to do, any tip that tells me at least from where to start is appreciated.
Edit: so I did 12||60 so Rth=10 ohm, is that correct? Is Vth correct too?
Since this quesstion popped up in this thread I thought it might be better to create a new thread:
https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/a-question-about-an-electrons-movement-in-a-dc-circuit.997736/
The question is the following: What kind of descriptive model could/should one use while first...
I am trying to calculate the power calculation of a general circuit with voltage leading the current by a phase difference of ##\theta##.
The instantaneous voltage is given by ##v = V_m\sin(\omega t +\theta) ; i = I_m\sin(\omega t) ##. The instantaneous power is then
##p = V_m I_m \sin(\omega t...
I figured that when you close the switch the current from the upper cell will travel through the closed switch due to it being the path of least resistance, essentially the resistor between cells is unused (was my first thought). I'm not entirely sure how to progress with this question.
Can secondary cell can be described in circuit simulator?? With other symbols like capacitor. Also I wonder if there's a program that provide secondary cell(like Li-ion battery). Please help me
Electric currents and the things within are generally explained through the help of intuitive water current examples, where potential difference is explained through the pressure difference and electric current is explained as the flow of water. But I like to think in terms of some driving force...
In the circuit below, the output is 23 W across the resistor with the resistance 6 Ohm. Calculate the amount of current in all parts of the circuit as well as the polarity and EMF ε of the unknown battery.
Circuit:
My attempt:
I get 6 unknowns with 5 equations. I don't know how to find the...
Can someone please tell me to find R of this electric circuit?
Please tell me the step-by-step.
I have many problems of electric circuit like this.
If you show me one, perhaps I can solve the rest of them.
I am not an English speaker, I apologize that I cannot use English well.
I have a question calculating the IN. When the terminal a-b is short-circuited, is it right that the currents are zero at 2 ohm and 6 ohm resistances?(Because they are parallel with a short-circuit.)
Also, because the...
Summary: How to find equivalent resistance of the electric circuit?
I need to solve the following problem:
Calculate equivalent resistance of the circuit (figure1), if all six resistances are the same: r1 = r2 = r3 = r4 = r5 = r6 = 100 Ohm.
True answer: 66.6 Ohm.
I tried to solve this...
L=100mh=0.1H
ω=10^3 rad/s -> f = 159Hz
XL= ωL= 2πfL= 2π*159*0.1= 99.90 Ω
Z parallel = [(XL∠90º)*R2] / [(XL∠90º)-R2]= 37.13∠-21.8º
XC= 1/ωC= 1/(2 π f C)
I don't see how I am supposed to get to C
So I understand that when an electric field is produced in a conductor of length L, the net electric field in the conductor will be 0 because the rearrangement of electrons in the conductor results in the production of its own electric field which cancels out the one produced initially...
Hi.
I have physics homework that I don't understand. Hopefully, someone here can give me some advice. So, the homework goes like this:
Draw an electric circuit potential graph and find out the potential difference between points B and C. The two resistors have equal values.
Believe me or...
If the circuit has 200 V supply.
The resistance R that must be put in series with bulb so that it draws 500 w is?
2. Relevent equations
P= v^2/r
I = v/r
3. My attempt at the solution
R= V^2/P r (bulb)= 10000/500 = 20 ohm
Now for 200 v supply ..
P= 500 W
V= 200V
Rnet = 20 + R
R+20= 80
R= 60...
Homework Statement
I'm not sure if the construction of this circuit is correct, so that both lamps, which are the same, shine equally brightly. Otherwise only the resistors are given. If it's wrong, what else would it look like? And why?[/B]
Homework Equations
I guess the laws of Kirchoff...
Let's say we have a basic electric circuit consisting of a battery with some potential difference, and a loop of wire. The wire loop also has some segment with a higher resistance. Now since there is a potential difference, the free electrons will move to make the circuit equipotential. The...
Homework Statement
The currents ##I_{{a}}## and ##I_{{b}}## of the circuit have values 4A and -2A in that respective order.
A) Find ##I_{{g}}##
B) Find the power dissipated by each resistance
C) Find ##V_{{g}}## (voltage drop across the current source)
D) Show that the power delivered by the...
Homework Statement
It’s a rather confusing circuit, I’m having problems trying to understand the way current circulates through the circuit.
Homework Equations
Kirchoff’s DC circuits laws only, no resistive simplification neither nodal analysis
The Attempt at a Solution
I’ll attach my intent...
1. Homework Statement
This is the sample answer to the circuit they ask to draw. I get the comparators, the inverter and the Gate. That’s all clear.
Then they wanted a switch that needs to be used to end the sound alarm, regardless of comparator output. I assume this the box labelled M...