An electrical network is an interconnection of electrical components (e.g., batteries, resistors, inductors, capacitors, switches, transistors) or a model of such an interconnection, consisting of electrical elements (e.g., voltage sources, current sources, resistances, inductances, capacitances). An electrical circuit is a network consisting of a closed loop, giving a return path for the current. Linear electrical networks, a special type consisting only of sources (voltage or current), linear lumped elements (resistors, capacitors, inductors), and linear distributed elements (transmission lines), have the property that signals are linearly superimposable. They are thus more easily analyzed, using powerful frequency domain methods such as Laplace transforms, to determine DC response, AC response, and transient response.
A resistive circuit is a circuit containing only resistors and ideal current and voltage sources. Analysis of resistive circuits is less complicated than analysis of circuits containing capacitors and inductors. If the sources are constant (DC) sources, the result is a DC circuit. The effective resistance and current distribution properties of arbitrary resistor networks can be modeled in terms of their graph measures and geometrical properties.A network that contains active electronic components is known as an electronic circuit. Such networks are generally nonlinear and require more complex design and analysis tools.
What is the difference between a variable capacitor in a AM receiver and a variable capacitor in a FM receiver? I understand that Am is amplitude modulation and that the signal is carried over a changing amplitude and that the frequency is constant. And the opposite in FM signals. And a variable...
I have a 30V - 100A power supply that I want to control using a -/+ 10V NI DAQ. I want a relay between the current output of DAQ and the power supply. Please advise the specification of relay to use. I'd appreciate a comment on how to connect it also.
So I know I have to use kirchhoff's Voltage Law so when I apply it's:
-12+4i+2Vo-4-Vo=0
and Vo=6i so --> -16+4i+2(6i)-(6i)=0 but apparently that's wrong and Vo should be =-6i and so when I substitute it in the equation it should be
-16+4i+2(-6i)-(-6i)=0 and I don't understand why.
In this thread, I hope to find some help in understanding one of the first application of Faraday's law of induction: the "Barlow's wheel".
Basically the machine converts electrical power to mechanical, so as you can imagine, a battery, some conductor wires, a horseshoe magnet and a metal wheel...
Summary:: So I found Vth=1.19 using Nodal analysis and I'm not sure if that's right, I'm trying to find Rth now but I'm confused as to what to do, any tip that tells me at least from where to start is appreciated.
Edit: so I did 12||60 so Rth=10 ohm, is that correct? Is Vth correct too?
Can secondary cell can be described in circuit simulator?? With other symbols like capacitor. Also I wonder if there's a program that provide secondary cell(like Li-ion battery). Please help me
Electric currents and the things within are generally explained through the help of intuitive water current examples, where potential difference is explained through the pressure difference and electric current is explained as the flow of water. But I like to think in terms of some driving force...
In the circuit below, the output is 23 W across the resistor with the resistance 6 Ohm. Calculate the amount of current in all parts of the circuit as well as the polarity and EMF ε of the unknown battery.
Circuit:
My attempt:
I get 6 unknowns with 5 equations. I don't know how to find the...
I am not an English speaker, I apologize that I cannot use English well.
I have a question calculating the IN. When the terminal a-b is short-circuited, is it right that the currents are zero at 2 ohm and 6 ohm resistances?(Because they are parallel with a short-circuit.)
Also, because the...
Summary: How to find equivalent resistance of the electric circuit?
I need to solve the following problem:
Calculate equivalent resistance of the circuit (figure1), if all six resistances are the same: r1 = r2 = r3 = r4 = r5 = r6 = 100 Ohm.
True answer: 66.6 Ohm.
I tried to solve this...
L=100mh=0.1H
ω=10^3 rad/s -> f = 159Hz
XL= ωL= 2πfL= 2π*159*0.1= 99.90 Ω
Z parallel = [(XL∠90º)*R2] / [(XL∠90º)-R2]= 37.13∠-21.8º
XC= 1/ωC= 1/(2 π f C)
I don't see how I am supposed to get to C
So I understand that when an electric field is produced in a conductor of length L, the net electric field in the conductor will be 0 because the rearrangement of electrons in the conductor results in the production of its own electric field which cancels out the one produced initially...
If the circuit has 200 V supply.
The resistance R that must be put in series with bulb so that it draws 500 w is?
2. Relevent equations
P= v^2/r
I = v/r
3. My attempt at the solution
R= V^2/P r (bulb)= 10000/500 = 20 ohm
Now for 200 v supply ..
P= 500 W
V= 200V
Rnet = 20 + R
R+20= 80
R= 60...
Homework Statement
The currents ##I_{{a}}## and ##I_{{b}}## of the circuit have values 4A and -2A in that respective order.
A) Find ##I_{{g}}##
B) Find the power dissipated by each resistance
C) Find ##V_{{g}}## (voltage drop across the current source)
D) Show that the power delivered by the...
Homework Statement
It’s a rather confusing circuit, I’m having problems trying to understand the way current circulates through the circuit.
Homework Equations
Kirchoff’s DC circuits laws only, no resistive simplification neither nodal analysis
The Attempt at a Solution
I’ll attach my intent...
1. Homework Statement
This is the sample answer to the circuit they ask to draw. I get the comparators, the inverter and the Gate. That’s all clear.
Then they wanted a switch that needs to be used to end the sound alarm, regardless of comparator output. I assume this the box labelled M...
Homework Statement
All the bulbs in the circuits are identical, as are all the batteries. Rank the magnitude of the potential difference between points M and N.
Homework Equations
V=IR
The Attempt at a Solution
My most fundamental question is actually which way do I know to take the...
Homework Statement
Pic A, what's the I2?
Pic B, what's the current across a-b ?
Homework Equations
V = I*R
Voltage in series is different, the current is the same
Current in parallel is different, the voltage is the same
The Attempt at a Solution
from Pic A, I found that I1 = 1A, I3 = 1A...
Homework Statement
Homework Equations
V = I.R
The Attempt at a Solution
6 ohm and 3 ohm are series = b
Then b pararel to 9ohm = c = total resistance
b = 9ohm
c = 9/2 ohm
I = V/R
I = 9.6/c
I = 2,13 A
Can you help me?
Is it right? My friend's answer is 0,8
Homework Statement
I need to find the currents I1 and I2 in the attached image, but am having some difficulties grasping the concepts. I am given E(t) = 338sin(t) as well as values for R, L and C. I think I know what I need to use but I am not sure how to put it all together
Homework Equations...
I have heard that chaos exists in all dynamical systems.Does this mean that chaos exists in circuits with linear elements too?Which software is best for analyzing chaos in electric circuits?
student-engineer
Thread
chaos
chaos simulation
chaos theory
electriccircuit
non-linear dynamics
Looking for a practical description. I have a feeling I am grossly misunderstanding something fundamental about electric circuits and apologize if my questions are confusing because of it. I have these two sources:
acs
hyperphysics
My (probably naive) understanding of the process is as...
Homework Statement
before that, can you tell me about "current flow in this circuit" if :
A. the switch is open
B. the switch is closed
the Question is
No. 1 Calculate the resistance of R if the value of the current I in the figure is 0.50 A. ( i think it is related to no 2)
no 2...
Suppose I have a tank which is made of steel coated with a thin layer of glass on the inside to protect the steel from corrosion (the material stored inside the tank is corrossive; say for arguments sake Water with 10% Hydochloric Acid).
In theory, till the glass is intact there is an...
I got a question towards kinetic energy and elektrical energy. They always talk about about particle accelerators or devices when talking about transformation of elektrical energy into kinetic energy of elektrons. But do elektrons also have kinetic energy when they are circulating in an...
A battery has an Emf 6 Volts. It is completely discharged. It is charged by maintaining a potential difference of 9 Volts across it. If the internal resistance of the discharged battery is 10 ohms, find the current through the battery, just after the connections are made.
My textbook says that...
Hi!
I'm trying to build a variable voltage DC regulated power supply that is 0-30v and 2mA-3A. The problem I'm having is that as soon as I plug it into get a reading on my multimeter it reads 34v, even if I try turning the pot it does not change. I've rewired the pots and made sure the...
Homework Statement
The circuit consists of three identical light bulbs and two identical coils, connected to a DC current source.
The ohmic resistance of the coils is negligible. The system is left to settle into a steady state and then the switch S is opened. Describe and explain in as much...
Homework Statement
Find the equivalent resistance between AB.
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
I could not find any Wheatstone bridge or series parallel combination. Should I use star delta transformation ? If yes, how exactly should I use it ?
Homework Statement
https://z-1-scontent-sin1-1.xx.fbcdn.net/hphotos-xtf1/v/t34.0-12/12435980_942112312550457_1708451532_n.jpg?oh=b29a5e9b2ff96bbf0e11932d081eb25e&oe=568A9B79 [/B]
We need to find the equivalent resistance along A to B ie AB
Homework Equations
R=(1/R1 + 1/R2+...+1/Rn)^-1 ...
Homework Statement
In the Circuit(pic attached) the following resistor combination is found.
All the resistrs in the figure has resistance R ohms.
What is the total resistance across AB?
Homework Equations
V=IR
3. The attempt at a Solution
between point A and B there is only one resistor so i...
We recently started to learn about electricity in school and I'm trying to understand the concept of voltage(potential differance). From what i understand, electrons flow from the negative terminal to the positive. The electrons at the negative terminal will have 1.5 J of potential energy per...
What is voltage in a circuit? We just started learning about electricity in my school. From what I understand; potential is potential energy per Coulomb and voltage means difference in potential. So, if you have a battery with 4 voltage and a wire connecting the poles of the battery, does that...
It's pretty easy to find the "working principle" of surface capacitive touchscreen like http://www.elotouch.com/Technologies/SurfaceCapacitive/howitworks.asp [Broken]
Roughly speaking, I know that
A surface capacitive touchscreen has a conductive layer to which some electrodes are attached...
I am a software engineering major, and I am having some trouble with an electric circuit in my satellite project.
Basically I am trying to generate 1G on the inner surface of a cylinder with a radius of 0.03m, connected to an electric motor which has to rotate at about 173 rpm (to generate 1G...
Capacitor connected to a battery of certain internal resistance. If it is asked to calculate what is power dissipated as heat, Does -the voltage across capacitor X current through capacitor- gives heat dissipated or should we add heat dissipated in battery by considering its internal resistance.
We know that
- VM=VCl
- R1=1000.0 Ω
- IM=0
- VNa=61 mV
- VK=-88 mV
- VCl=-71 mV
Question is: what is R2?
I've written according to Kirchhoff's second law that
(1) VM + VNa - R1INa = 0
and (2) VM - VK - R2IK = 0.
We can also calculate that ICl=0.
With these equations and according to...
Homework Statement
Solve the next circuit to find the voltages
Homework Equations
I=V/R
GT=(1/R1)+(1/Rn)
V=V1=V2=V3
The Attempt at a Solution
My background is that I know that in a parallel circuit, the voltage for each component is the same and electric current it's equal to the sum of the...
Homework Statement
A series L-C-R circuit Comprises of a 250mH coil, 0.01 MFD capacitor and a 5W resistor. A dependent voltage defined by e = 2.5cos(80000t) is applied across it. Determine the power factor. [/B]
Homework Equations
Power Factor = cos(x) = R/Z
Z = sqrt^[R^2 + (XL - XC)^2]
The...
Basically I want to test my analog circuit using a forcing function that has a form of a delta function. The function generator I use outputs sine wave, triangular wave and square wave (+ve and -ve output in one period). Are there any ways to produce a square wave that has an output for like 5%...
I'm a mechatronics engineering student, and I know that electronics is a requirement in most engineering programs. I'm been dealing with electronics recently and I've been studying electric circuits. I've been noticing that in some of them instead of being closed (in diagrams) they are like...
Hey! Not sure if this is a stupid question or not but I was wondering if a moving magnetic field could generate a current in a wire. I know that moving a wire through a magnetic field creates a current but what if you move around a magnet underneath a circular wire. Does that generate a current?
Homework Statement
The switch is initially open and the capacitors are uncharged. The applied potential difference Vab = +210V.
a.) What is the potential difference Vcd?
b.) What is the potential difference across each capacitor when the switch is closed?
c.) How much charge flowed through the...
Homework Statement
[/B]
Find the potential difference between points b and a in the circuit below
I have already solved for the voltages of the two batteries (1 and 2) in the circuit (18 V and 7 V respectively)
2. Homework Equations
Kirchhoff's Rules
1) Potential difference across any...
Hello, I want to create a motion using electricity, using the cheapest means possible (DIY). Basically I'm trying to rotate an object 90degrees when the current is on, and back to its original position when the current is off.
The questions are:
1) Is this possible?
2) Can this be done using...
To prove the wye-delta transformation formula, it is said 'If the two circuits are to be equivalent,
the total resistance between any two terminals must be the same.' But why ? I can't convince myself that it is sufficient condition for the equivalence of circuits.