A reverse transcriptase (RT) is an enzyme used to generate complementary DNA (cDNA) from an RNA template, a process termed reverse transcription. Reverse transcriptases are used by certain viruses such as HIV and hepatitis B to replicate their genomes, by retrotransposon mobile genetic elements to proliferate within the host genome, and by eukaryotic cells to extend the telomeres at the ends of their linear chromosomes. Contrary to a widely held belief, the process does not violate the flows of genetic information as described by the classical central dogma, as transfers of information from RNA to DNA are explicitly held possible.Retroviral RT has three sequential biochemical activities: RNAdependent DNA polymerase activity, ribonuclease H (RNase H), and DNAdependent DNA polymerase activity. Collectively, these activities enable the enzyme to convert singlestranded RNA into doublestranded cDNA. In retroviruses and retrotransposons, this cDNA can then integrate into the host genome, from which new RNA copies can be made via hostcell transcription. The same sequence of reactions is widely used in the laboratory to convert RNA to DNA for use in molecular cloning, RNA sequencing, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), or genome analysis.
Need some help please. Bought a Samovar (electric water pot) from overseas. Seller told me it is 110V compatible but the base plate not sp clearly says 110v/220V in Russian. Seller tells me that I should not use it in a 220V outlet but when plugged into a 110V it took 45 minutes to boil 8L...
Alright, this is more of a conceptual question than a HW question that will nonetheless help me design something. In the attached image, air is flowing through a large area tube and then a small area tube from right to left. A collaborator previously figured out the equation for measuring the...
Good morning physicists, I have a small problem, having a sony projector, like all projectors I always have the usual problem of image pollution. I heard a few months ago (but now I can no longer find the link), of a new technology according to which the projector instead of projecting on the...
I have a scatterplot that I'm trying to extract. I found 54 values out of 55.
There is one "missing" value, probably because it is overlapped and I can't actually see.
I have the MEAN and Stand Dev of the 55 values.
Is there a way to reverse find the one that is missing? I mean, is there a...
I'm creating a simulation of the shallow water wave equation in MATLAB. I'm using the equations:
$$\frac{\partial v}{\partial t}=g\frac{\partial \eta}{\partial x}$$
$$\frac{\partial h}{\partial t}=h\frac{\partial v}{\partial x}$$
Iteratively updating the velocity from neighboring heights...
I was having a conversation with a coworker and this question came up: is there a program like ORIGEN (or maybe even ORIGEN) to run decay calculations in reverse?
It's a relatively easy process to start with a given quantity of an isotope (e.g. U236), run it through a program such as ORIGEN...
You always hear about how famous big food companies have recipes locked away in vaults. They never want to give away the secret sauce so competitors can copy them.
However, with all we can do with modern technology, why can't we send a ChickFilA sandwich over the a lab and have them...
If a mass driver could theoretically launch a vehicle then surely it could catch one too. Anyone know about articles related to mass drivers that refer to catching surfaces grazing orbiting spacecraft ?
I have been studying Studying Donald Neamen's Electronic Circuits 4th edition and Sedra Smith's Microelectronics 7th edition for quite some time now. I have been self studying. After searching extensively on Internet as well as trying to understand from the books, I have not been able to...
How can current gene editing technologies like Prime Editing can be used to reverse all age related mutations that negatively affect some type of cell like neurons?. According to this article (you need to click on the "toggle reader view" button in firefox in order to read it without registering...
a. To find the speed, I need to find the height where the cords first become loose, which is when the cord is 25 m long.
$$h=30\sqrt{25^2  5^2}$$
But the teacher's working is ##h=30\sqrt{25^2  4^2}##
How to get 4?
b. My idea is to use Newton's 2nd law so I draw free body diagram of the...
I was watching a video about english spelling reform where the author, as an aside, pointed out something that I thought was rather more important than anything else in the video: A fully phonetic alphabet is impossible because we don't agree on what the words are supposed to sound like. You...
This video www.youtube.com/watch?v=j5HyMNNSGqQ and the paper it refers to https://www.nature.com/articles/s415860191287z
(available also at : http://qulab.eng.yale.edu/documents/papers/zlatko_paper.pdf )
... talks about how a quantum transition can be monitored and manipulated in real time...
I have this function that I need to reverse.
I can't figure out how to reverse it though, I should be able to take the resulting int, put it through a function with the height value and get back distance. Normally, when I get stuck, I just ask wolfram alpha to solve it for me, but that...
Usually it is just about the nasty oil, and goodness of electricity.
Of the 100 solutions Project Drawdown has listed, some would not even be considered along with the more commonly known by the public at large
https://www.drawdown.org/
From cultivation of rice ( number one crop of the world )...
Hello,
We hear a lot about gravityassist, which usually means using a planet like Jupiter to speed a spacecraft on its way to another destination, like Pluto. But what about using a moon of a planet as a reverse gravityassist?
For example, if you wanted to place a spacecraft in orbit...
Not homework, just working odd numbered problems in the book.
Sue has 24 each of n different colored beads. If 20 beads are selected (with repetition allowed) what is the value of n if there are 230,230 possible combinations. I view this as a problem of number of integer solutions to a linear...
Summary: How do you determine the armature current during the braking time?
For a simple permanent magnet DC motor with a known resistance and inductance in series with the armature, I would like to know how to determine the armature current if there was an electronic motor drive controlling...
In acidbase reactions, the reaction never goes 100% toward the product, right? A reverse reaction will occur and eventually reaction toward product and reactant will reach equilibrium. In lab/industry conditions where yield is important, how does they push the reaction toward product? I am...
##132,289≡1973* 67 + 98##
##1973≡98*20+13##
##98≡13*7+7##
##13≡7*1+6##
##7≡6*1+1##
now in reverse my attempt is as follows,
##1≡76##
## 1≡7(137)##
##1≡2*7(197320*132,289+1340*1973)##
##1≡2*7(1341*197320*132,289##
which is correct but my interest is in finding the inverse of 1973 help?
I'm referring to proposals that suggest putting large reflective surfaces at the L1 Lagrange point.
I've also been thinking of something like capturing a nearby asteroid and turning it into an artificial ring at the equator or dumping lots of small infrared reflecting particles or releasing...
What if the universe suddenly started playing in reverse, like playing a recording in reverse. Particles gain kinetic energy from heat and sound energy as they travel the opposite way, light retreats back into the sun etc. Would this universe differ in any way? Does anything not work if time...
Assume we have a closed diode circuit .We connect the n type region of the diode to the positive terminal of the battery.We connect the p type region of the diode to the negative terminal of the battery.The depletion layer is increased.Now we open the circuit.Why the diode returns to its zero...
Hi all,
The photo is a reverse Lshaped bracket installed on the wall,
L or reverse L is of more supporting force if all things being equal? Why?
Thank you very much!
Hi All,
Say we have a legacy database that is not welldocumented and we want to reverseengineer it.
I am looking for an effective way of doing it. Only way I can think is using something like ERwin to
produce a Conceptual, Logical model for the database from which we can reconstruct the...
Homework Statement
Write a sequence of statements to REVERSE the elements of array X1.
Homework Equations

The Attempt at a Solution
Here's my work :
Could somebody check my answer please ?
$\textsf{Reverse the order of integration in the following integral }$
\begin{align*}\displaystyle
I&=\int_0^1 \int_2^{2e^x}f(x,y) \quad dy \, dx
\end{align*}
$\textit{From the integral we have that}$
$$0\leq x\leq 1 \quad \textit{and} \quad 2\leq y\leq 2e^x$$
$\textit{So, we get that}$...
I just found an interesting book at BN, titled Reverse Mathematics Proofs from the Inside by Prof John Stillwell.
https://press.princeton.edu/titles/11143.html
He mentions that it’s a growing field in mathematics where we seek to discover the right axioms to prove a theorem...
Hi,
I'm not able to understand how reversing Field terminals will help build magnetic flux in dc shunt generator
Have drawn diagrams below.
In 1st case machine doesn't generate as the flux opposes residual flux, so I reverse F1, F2 and draw below diagram...
But in second case the direction of...
https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg23631500500theveryfirstlivingthingisstillaliveinsideeachoneofus/
"We can stop <<profanity deleted>> about the origin of life," says Loren Williams, a biochemist at the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta. "We can see it."
Elon Musk says we can terraform Mars by converting its CO2 and H2O into CH4 and O2 using solar power, the latter two compounds being quite useful. Can't we use his idea to reduce the CO2 in our atmosphere and reverse global warming?
This is what I came up with but I keep getting segmentation fault whenever I run it in linux. Not sure why. Any help would be appreciated. Thanks
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
int main(int argc, char** argv)
{
int i, childpid;
for (i = strlen(argv[1]); i >=...
$\textsf{Reverse the order of integration in the following integral }$
\begin{align*}\displaystyle
I&=\int_0^1 \int_2^{2e^x}f(x,y) dydx
\end{align*}
ok tried to follow some examples but 😰
\begin{align*}\displaystyle
I&=\int_0^1 \int_?^{?}f(x,y) dxdy
\end{align*}
A nanofiltration filter has a pore size around 0.001 micron. Reverse osmosis filters have a pore size around 0.0001 micron.
Additionaly, reverse osmosis occurs when a semipermeable membrane separates solutions of different concentrations so osmotic pressure has to be applied to move water from...
When deriving diode equation, it is assumed that there's no drift.
But still, in the result, we have a reverse current which is a drift...
I don't get where this comes from.
Assuming a reverse Carnot engine (Heat Pump Achieve 353K after compression and 253K after evaporation) is cascaded to Rankine turbine such that heat rejection to a steam boiler and heat is collected from a thermally isolated compartment first (used as condensation by cooling) then from ambient...
Hi all, so my mercury 25 outboard starter was starting to give it up. I took it apart, and yup, the brushes were badly worn. Well, I have several generic brushes kicking around, so I simply swapped them out. Very simple operation. And yet after assembling the damn thing, it now runs backwards...
I'm creating a project where the motors have to be triggered by a photodiode. A light provides a steady stream of current to the photodiode and when that incident light is scattered, the motors move. But in reverse bias a photodiode needs to have a dark environment to provide 'infinite...
I hoping that someone may help me find a formula for this problem...
Starting with a specific, largesum number (ex. 5,408,286,291),
find 4, three or four digit numbers that, when multiplied, will arrive at this largesum number. It could
be 3 larger numbers or 4 smaller numbers. It doesn't...
Suppose that there are 2 companies. One of them is yours and other company publishes a product which can affect your situation in marketplace.Is it ethical to buy the product and resolve it by reverse engineering to get an idea to counterattack?
It's not about producing similar technology...
I have to couple noise into data cable(cat5) in common mode. I have done this with a CT of 50A/1A, ferrite core. What I have done is, I connected the S1 and S2 of CT to probe of my signal generator and inserted the cable through the whole of CT(ring type). I got maximum of 380mV in the cable...
As I understand it, a relativistic reversal can occur in a Lorentz
boost. A particle's forward angular momentum can become backward
angular momentum, if the observer accelerates sufficiently. But the
particle and its angular momentum are unchanged. The only change
is in the observer’s frame...
Hello,
I'm in sort of a strange predicament. I need to figure out how to install a bunch of software that we don't have install programs for. They did at one time, but I think they've been lost by the employee before me or even before that.
Luckily though, I do have servers with the program...