What is Charged particles: Definition and 186 Discussions
In physics, a charged particle is a particle with an electric charge. It may be an ion, such as a molecule or atom with a surplus or deficit of electrons relative to protons. It can also be an electron or a proton, or another elementary particle, which are all believed to have the same charge (except antimatter). Another charged particle may be an atomic nucleus devoid of electrons, such as an alpha particle.
A plasma is a collection of charged particles, atomic nuclei and separated electrons, but can also be a gas containing a significant proportion of charged particles.
vA = 3u/4 and vB = u/4, and 1/8 KE is lost. I can't get to these answers however: for the first part, I got to u = vA + 3vB using conservation of momentum, and the fact that particle B is at an angle, hence I would think its momentum should be 10mvBsin(arcsin(3/5)). Doing the same for A with...
I know that we accelerated charged particles very close to the speed of light. How about a full molecule, with at least 2 nuclei and most of the electrons? What is the maximum speed achieved/recorded before the molecule broke apart?
I ask this question because I'm afraid that the maximum speed...
I have a simulated data of charged particles in a magnetic field. I have selected clusters, each cluster contains a set of points(x,z) and I want to perform RK4 between the first and second clusters and fill the positions in a histogram.
I have selected the clusters with the initial...
If we have charged particles having Brownian motion, would this motion be associated with (or produce) heat or electricity? Would it produce electromagnetic radiation (and if it would produce it, what type of radiation in the electromagnetic spectrum)? Could there be Brownian motion of charged...
Generally, energy is ##U=9\times 10^{9} \times \frac{5\times 10^{-6}30\times 10^{-6}}{2+(10+20)\times 10^{-2}}=0.5869 J##
<br/>
After touching, they have charges
##q_1 and q_2 = 35\mu C-q_1##
##\frac{q_1}{10}=\frac{35\mu C-q_1}{20}##
I was wondering where 1/10 and 1/20 coefficients come...
The question is very simple: Is the flow of charge, or current, related to a closed path or there will be a potential difference without closed path to allowing the flow?
I mean, If I have a battery that maintain 5V of potential difference through its terminal, I believe there is an amount of...
I set up an equation for the sum of all the potential energies and when cancelling out ##k## and ##q^2##, I got ##\frac{1}{0.05}-\frac{1}{x}-\frac{1}{0.05-x}=0##. However, this has no solutions, so I must've gone wrong somewhere. Could someone just give me a hint, not a solution, that would put...
When I read things about magnetism on internet, I don't understand at all about one thing:
If a moving particle receive a force if it's in a magnetic field, so it should accelerate, so what happen if we change the referential so that the particle now don't move?
The particle shouldn't receive...
How to calculate time until charged particles (Electron/Positron for example) collide starting at velocity= 0 , distance x apart:
Using coulombs law, how do I get the velocity and position equation for a pair of unit charged particles?
A simple reference link would be great as I know this is...
Considering the device above, which uses electric and magnetic fields placed properly to avoid charged moving particles with velocities different from the ratio ##\frac{E}{B}## to exit, getting deflected upwards or downwards. All that is easily demonstrable by equalling the forces acting on the...
I draw the graph like this:
For (b), I divided each force vector to e from p1 and p2 as x and y parts.
I computed them and got
Fx=-4.608*10^(-15)N
Fy=-2.52*10^(-15)N
However, I am not sure whether I did it correctly or not...
I appreciate every help from all of you!
Thank you!
Hello! how does one produced big ensembles of polarized charged particles (electrons, protons, muons etc.) for certain experiments? In the case of neutral particles (for example the nucleus in an atom) this could be done using a magnetic field, but I guess this won't work that straightforward...
Summary:
I have found the Hamiltonian for the free particles and the electromagnetic field (##\mathbf{E}## - electric, ##\mathbf{B}## - magnetic) to be (non-relativistic !):
##H=\sum_i \frac{m \dot{r}_i^2}{2} + \int d^3 r \left(\frac{\epsilon_0}{2} E^2 + \frac{1}{2\mu_0} B^2\right)## (1)...
A charge is entering magnetic field perpendicularly! Griffiths says it motion will be circular! But it is accelerated so it must radiate energy and it's motion should be spiral inward?
Homework Statement
28. Particle A (mass = m, charge = Q) and B (mass = m, charge = 5 Q) are released from rest
with the distance between them equal to 1.0 m. If Q = 12 μC, what is the kinetic energy of
particle B at the instant when the particles are 3.0 m apart?
a . 8.6 J
b. 3.8 J
c. 6.0...
There are infinite number of charges each with charge q along a straight line at a distance of 1,2,4,8,16,… … … unit from a point. What is the electric field at this point?
No idea about it.Please help me out.
Hello,
I haven't been able to find the answer to this anywhere.
When calculating the energy gained by a particle that is accelerated across the gap of two cavities (e.g. Dees in a cyclotron, or charged cylindrical cavities of a linear accelerator), does one need to take into account the size of...
Hi I'm wondering how when a charged particle is accelerating it both emits energy in the form of em radiation while also gaining kinetic energy. All of that energy comes from the thing accelerating the charged particle, yeah? Is that necessary, like it is not possible to give a charged particle...
Homework Statement
Two identical particles, each having charge +q, are fixed in space and separated by a distance d. A third particle with charge -Q is free to move and lies initially at rest on the perpendicular bisector of the two fixed charges a distance x from the midpoint between the two...
How could electrically charged particles be massless before the symmetry breaking? Wouldn't the energy stored in the electric field contribute to particles mass?
I did a little more research, please clarify. So the electric field is directed to the proton and that emits light? Can you get into more detail?
I am not educated in math so this is hard to understand at this point. I understand how electrons emit light but not protons. So is the magnetic...
Hi,
I was wondering that if there is some kind of interaction time between two charged particles. Imagine an electron shoot to ionize an atom. This electron interacts one of the electrons in the atom. Does the ionization depend on the velocity of the incoming electron? Is it possible that when...
Homework Statement
Problem Statement: A system consists of a long cylindrical anode of radius a and a coaxial cylindrical cathode of radius b (b < a). A filament located along the axis of the system carries a heating current I producing a magnetic field in the surrounding space. Find the least...
Dear members,
The unit of stopping power is given as Mev/cm in many sources. It is easy to comprehend this unit.The mass stopping power, which is the total energy lost per path length by a charged particle, is defined as the division of MeV/cm to the density of investigated material, g/cm3, and...
I am about to teach some of an introductory course for bachelor students in the field of medical physics. More specifically the topic "Photon and charged particle interactions with matter" in respect to radiation therapy (again, medical physics). I know there are a lot of topics within radiation...
Homework Statement
Two particles having mass m separated by a distance d is uniform magnetic field as shown in the figure . If v=qBd/m, at what instant does collision occur. The coulomb force between the particles is switched off.
Homework Equations
T=2πm/qB
The Attempt at a Solution
For the...
I have just covered the electricity unit in my advanced higher physics course, and have happily accepted that a force is created between charged particles. I understand that coulombs law can be used to calculate this force, but here is my question.
What actually is this force between the charged...
Homework Statement
A particle with charge q1 = -6.75x10^-6 is located at (0,3.25x10^-2 m ) and a second particle with charge 3.2x10^-6 is located at (0,-2.75x10^-2 m) what is the electric potential due to the two charges at the origin?
Homework Equations
V = kq/r
The Attempt at a Solution
So...
Homework Statement
This is the question: An electron at rest of mass 9.11 × 10−31 kg is accelerated through a potential difference of 350 V. It then enters some deflecting plates of 50 V with dimensions as shown. Calculate the distance x (deflection of the electron) (Charge on an electron is...
Suppose we have two charged particles on the laboratory and two observers A and B.
##A## is inside one of the charges (never mind how)
##B## is sitting at the laboratory
In the lab reference frame we accelerate the particles. According to ##A## there will be only electric attraction or...
Hello!
So I've been working on proving to myself different parts of https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/nuclear-engineering/22-611j-introduction-to-plasma-physics-i-fall-2003/lecture-notes/chap2.pdf packet for several weeks.
Under 2.1 Uniform B field, E=0, for the Larmor Radius, I need to know...
Homework Statement
[/B]
Consider two charged particles 1 and 2, each of them able to translate (move from place to place) and to spin.Homework Equations
I can not completely think of relevant equations at the moment.
The Attempt at a Solution
[/B]
I am a bit confused on how charged particles...
I have a very weak understanding of the particle modelling of electrical phenomena.1:
Electric field =\frac{Force}{Magnitude of charge}
1 is The definition of electric field on a particle (?)
2: Force = \frac{Q1*Q2*K}{R^2}\\
2 is Coulombs law, to find force between two particles.
3...
Homework Statement
Figure (a) shows charged particles 1 and 2 that are fixed in place on an x axis. Particle 1 has a charge with a magnitude of |q1| = 19e. Particle 3 of charge q3 = +16e is initially on the x axis near particle 2.Then particle 3 is gradually moved in the positive direction of...
Homework Statement
I got an alpha particle (charge 2+) fixed at x=0 and an electron fixed at x=2. I then add a fluor ion (charge 1-) to the right of the electron and we note his position xeq. The question is to find the constant spring (k) relative to the harmonic oscillation made by the fluor...
Homework Statement
Ions having equal charges but masses of M and 2M experience a constant electric field while they travel a fixed distance d and then enter a uniform magnetic field perpendicular to their path. If the heavier ions follow a circular arc of radius R, what is the radius of the arc...
If there are 3 positive charges of +1, +3, +5 coulombs equidistant from a negative charge of 1 coulomb what positive charge will this negative charge be attracted to ?
Is the result different if the charges exist in a “bound” state (resulting in electrovalent compounds) where a positive charge...
Supposed i wanted to do a relativistic simulation of charged point particles moving at different velocities and interacting with each other.
My simulation would give me the x,y,z coordinates of each particle seen from an arbitrary observer's point of view, at a given t.
The t given however, is...
When two electrons approach each other, there is a repulsion between them by the exchange of a photon as the electromagnetic force carrier. Is there a general range of wavelength of such photons? Does it depend on how rapidly these electrons are approaching each other?
Homework Statement
Two identical charged particles, each of mass m and charge e, are intitialy far apart. One of the particles is at rest at the origin, and the other approaching it with velocity v along the line x=b, y=0 where b=e^2/2 \pi \epsilon_0 mv^2. Find the scattering angle in the CM...
What happens when charged particles fall into a black hole?
Say like N electrons fall in, giving the black hole a net charge of -N.
Since light cannot escape the event horizon, I imagine electric fields cannot either, since they are mediated by photons.
So is that charge effectively lost until...
Hi, first of all I wan to ask a few simple questions ,
when we move a piece of wire perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field like between the faces of two magnets facing N-S we get a current either one or the other way in the wire , yet when we would shoot an electron beam the same path as the...
Homework Statement
A collection of charged particles move through a magnetic field at an angle to the field lines.
Calculate the velocity of the particle if it is an electron moving at 30 degrees to the magnetic field of strength 3.4mT, causing it to experience a force of 4.7x106-18N
Homework...