# What is Charged particles: Definition and 186 Discussions

In physics, a charged particle is a particle with an electric charge. It may be an ion, such as a molecule or atom with a surplus or deficit of electrons relative to protons. It can also be an electron or a proton, or another elementary particle, which are all believed to have the same charge (except antimatter). Another charged particle may be an atomic nucleus devoid of electrons, such as an alpha particle.
A plasma is a collection of charged particles, atomic nuclei and separated electrons, but can also be a gas containing a significant proportion of charged particles.

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1. ### Classical mech. - inelastic collision

vA = 3u/4 and vB = u/4, and 1/8 KE is lost. I can't get to these answers however: for the first part, I got to u = vA + 3vB using conservation of momentum, and the fact that particle B is at an angle, hence I would think its momentum should be 10mvBsin(arcsin(3/5)). Doing the same for A with...
2. ### B Max Speed of Molecules: 1 Electron Stripped?

I know that we accelerated charged particles very close to the speed of light. How about a full molecule, with at least 2 nuclei and most of the electrons? What is the maximum speed achieved/recorded before the molecule broke apart? I ask this question because I'm afraid that the maximum speed...
3. ### C/C++ Perform RK4 between 2 Clusters in Magnetic Field

I have a simulated data of charged particles in a magnetic field. I have selected clusters, each cluster contains a set of points(x,z) and I want to perform RK4 between the first and second clusters and fill the positions in a histogram. I have selected the clusters with the initial...
4. ### I Brownian motion of charged particles?

If we have charged particles having Brownian motion, would this motion be associated with (or produce) heat or electricity? Would it produce electromagnetic radiation (and if it would produce it, what type of radiation in the electromagnetic spectrum)? Could there be Brownian motion of charged...
5. ### Calculating Energy From Charged Particles: 0.5869 J

Generally, energy is ##U=9\times 10^{9} \times \frac{5\times 10^{-6}30\times 10^{-6}}{2+(10+20)\times 10^{-2}}=0.5869 J## <br/> After touching, they have charges ##q_1 and q_2 = 35\mu C-q_1## ##\frac{q_1}{10}=\frac{35\mu C-q_1}{20}## I was wondering where 1/10 and 1/20 coefficients come...
6. ### Self Study - Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory Problem 2-1 (two charged particles hanging on strings)

I'd like someone to check that this solution is right, and if not, give me the point of failure and not the answer. Thanks!
7. ### B Do charged particles always have spin?

(Apologies for a basic question) Do charged particles always have spin ? Maybe a better question is, are charge and spin always associated ?
8. ### I Is the current related to a path or to potential difference?

The question is very simple: Is the flow of charge, or current, related to a closed path or there will be a potential difference without closed path to allowing the flow? I mean, If I have a battery that maintain 5V of potential difference through its terminal, I believe there is an amount of...
9. ### Potential Energy of three charged particles

I set up an equation for the sum of all the potential energies and when cancelling out ##k## and ##q^2##, I got ##\frac{1}{0.05}-\frac{1}{x}-\frac{1}{0.05-x}=0##. However, this has no solutions, so I must've gone wrong somewhere. Could someone just give me a hint, not a solution, that would put...
10. ### B Why do moving charged particles feel a force in a magnetic field?

When I read things about magnetism on internet, I don't understand at all about one thing: If a moving particle receive a force if it's in a magnetic field, so it should accelerate, so what happen if we change the referential so that the particle now don't move? The particle shouldn't receive...
11. ### I Calc QED Charge Particle Repulsion/Attraction

Maybe this will help.
12. ### How to calculate the time until charged particles collide

How to calculate time until charged particles (Electron/Positron for example) collide starting at velocity= 0 , distance x apart: Using coulombs law, how do I get the velocity and position equation for a pair of unit charged particles? A simple reference link would be great as I know this is...
13. ### Behavior of charged particles in a speed selector

Considering the device above, which uses electric and magnetic fields placed properly to avoid charged moving particles with velocities different from the ratio ##\frac{E}{B}## to exit, getting deflected upwards or downwards. All that is easily demonstrable by equalling the forces acting on the...

16. ### Net electric force of multiple charged particles in 3-d space

I draw the graph like this: For (b), I divided each force vector to e from p1 and p2 as x and y parts. I computed them and got Fx=-4.608*10^(-15)N Fy=-2.52*10^(-15)N However, I am not sure whether I did it correctly or not... I appreciate every help from all of you! Thank you!
17. ### I How do you get polarized charged particles?

Hello! how does one produced big ensembles of polarized charged particles (electrons, protons, muons etc.) for certain experiments? In the case of neutral particles (for example the nucleus in an atom) this could be done using a magnetic field, but I guess this won't work that straightforward...
18. ### B How does the LHC send same charged particles against each other?

How does LHC send same-charged particles in opposite directions?
19. ### B Why do photons only interact with charged particles?

Why do photons only interact with charged particles?
20. ### Hamiltonian for Charged Particles + EM-Field

Summary: I have found the Hamiltonian for the free particles and the electromagnetic field (##\mathbf{E}## - electric, ##\mathbf{B}## - magnetic) to be (non-relativistic !): ##H=\sum_i \frac{m \dot{r}_i^2}{2} + \int d^3 r \left(\frac{\epsilon_0}{2} E^2 + \frac{1}{2\mu_0} B^2\right)## (1)...
21. ### Trajectory of charged particles in a magnetic field?

A charge is entering magnetic field perpendicularly! Griffiths says it motion will be circular! But it is accelerated so it must radiate energy and it's motion should be spiral inward?
22. ### Speed of two charged particles repelling each other

Homework Statement 28. Particle A (mass = m, charge = Q) and B (mass = m, charge = 5 Q) are released from rest with the distance between them equal to 1.0 m. If Q = 12 μC, what is the kinetic energy of particle B at the instant when the particles are 3.0 m apart? a . 8.6 J b. 3.8 J c. 6.0...
23. ### What is the Electric Field at a Point Surrounded by Infinite Charged Particles?

There are infinite number of charges each with charge q along a straight line at a distance of 1,2,4,8,16,… … … unit from a point. What is the electric field at this point? No idea about it.Please help me out.
24. ### I Charged particle acceleration across a potential

Hello, I haven't been able to find the answer to this anywhere. When calculating the energy gained by a particle that is accelerated across the gap of two cavities (e.g. Dees in a cyclotron, or charged cylindrical cavities of a linear accelerator), does one need to take into account the size of...
25. ### Accelerating charged particles and conservation of energy

Hi I'm wondering how when a charged particle is accelerating it both emits energy in the form of em radiation while also gaining kinetic energy. All of that energy comes from the thing accelerating the charged particle, yeah? Is that necessary, like it is not possible to give a charged particle...
26. ### Simple harmonic motion of charged particles

Homework Statement Two identical particles, each having charge +q, are fixed in space and separated by a distance d. A third particle with charge -Q is free to move and lies initially at rest on the perpendicular bisector of the two fixed charges a distance x from the midpoint between the two...
27. ### A Charged particles mass before symmetry breaking

How could electrically charged particles be massless before the symmetry breaking? Wouldn't the energy stored in the electric field contribute to particles mass?
28. ### How is light related to charged particles?

I did a little more research, please clarify. So the electric field is directed to the proton and that emits light? Can you get into more detail? I am not educated in math so this is hard to understand at this point. I understand how electrons emit light but not protons. So is the magnetic...
29. ### I Interaction time between charged particles

Hi, I was wondering that if there is some kind of interaction time between two charged particles. Imagine an electron shoot to ionize an atom. This electron interacts one of the electrons in the atom. Does the ionization depend on the velocity of the incoming electron? Is it possible that when...
30. ### Motion of Charged Particles in E&B Fields

Homework Statement Problem Statement: A system consists of a long cylindrical anode of radius a and a coaxial cylindrical cathode of radius b (b < a). A filament located along the axis of the system carries a heating current I producing a magnetic field in the surrounding space. Find the least...
31. ### I Stopping Power and Range units for charged particles

Dear members, The unit of stopping power is given as Mev/cm in many sources. It is easy to comprehend this unit.The mass stopping power, which is the total energy lost per path length by a charged particle, is defined as the division of MeV/cm to the density of investigated material, g/cm3, and...
32. ### Intro Physics Photon and charged particle interactions with matter

I am about to teach some of an introductory course for bachelor students in the field of medical physics. More specifically the topic "Photon and charged particle interactions with matter" in respect to radiation therapy (again, medical physics). I know there are a lot of topics within radiation...
33. C

### Collision of two charged particles projeced in magnetic field

Homework Statement Two particles having mass m separated by a distance d is uniform magnetic field as shown in the figure . If v=qBd/m, at what instant does collision occur. The coulomb force between the particles is switched off. Homework Equations T=2πm/qB The Attempt at a Solution For the...
34. ### What is the electrostatic force field?

I have just covered the electricity unit in my advanced higher physics course, and have happily accepted that a force is created between charged particles. I understand that coulombs law can be used to calculate this force, but here is my question. What actually is this force between the charged...
35. ### Electric potential due to collection of charged particles

Homework Statement A particle with charge q1 = -6.75x10^-6 is located at (0,3.25x10^-2 m ) and a second particle with charge 3.2x10^-6 is located at (0,-2.75x10^-2 m) what is the electric potential due to the two charges at the origin? Homework Equations V = kq/r The Attempt at a Solution So...
36. C

### Motion of Charged Particles in Electric Fields

Homework Statement This is the question: An electron at rest of mass 9.11 × 10−31 kg is accelerated through a potential difference of 350 V. It then enters some deflecting plates of 50 V with dimensions as shown. Calculate the distance x (deflection of the electron) (Charge on an electron is...
37. ### Thought experiment: charged particles

Suppose we have two charged particles on the laboratory and two observers A and B. ##A## is inside one of the charges (never mind how) ##B## is sitting at the laboratory In the lab reference frame we accelerate the particles. According to ##A## there will be only electric attraction or...
38. ### Motion of Charged Particles in Field Uniform B-field E=0

Hello! So I've been working on proving to myself different parts of https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/nuclear-engineering/22-611j-introduction-to-plasma-physics-i-fall-2003/lecture-notes/chap2.pdf packet for several weeks. Under 2.1 Uniform B field, E=0, for the Larmor Radius, I need to know...
39. ### Defining magnetic interaction between charged particles

Homework Statement [/B] Consider two charged particles 1 and 2, each of them able to translate (move from place to place) and to spin.Homework Equations I can not completely think of relevant equations at the moment. The Attempt at a Solution [/B] I am a bit confused on how charged particles...
40. ### Voltage derivation for charged particles

I have a very weak understanding of the particle modelling of electrical phenomena.1: Electric field =\frac{Force}{Magnitude of charge} 1 is The definition of electric field on a particle (?) 2: Force = \frac{Q1*Q2*K}{R^2}\\ 2 is Coulombs law, to find force between two particles. 3...
41. ### Coulomb's Law problem: Charged particles and the net electric field and force

Homework Statement Figure (a) shows charged particles 1 and 2 that are fixed in place on an x axis. Particle 1 has a charge with a magnitude of |q1| = 19e. Particle 3 of charge q3 = +16e is initially on the x axis near particle 2.Then particle 3 is gradually moved in the positive direction of...
42. ### Harmonic oscillator with 3 charged particles

Homework Statement I got an alpha particle (charge 2+) fixed at x=0 and an electron fixed at x=2. I then add a fluor ion (charge 1-) to the right of the electron and we note his position xeq. The question is to find the constant spring (k) relative to the harmonic oscillation made by the fluor...
43. ### Difference in Radius of Charged Particles in Magnetic Field

Homework Statement Ions having equal charges but masses of M and 2M experience a constant electric field while they travel a fixed distance d and then enter a uniform magnetic field perpendicular to their path. If the heavier ions follow a circular arc of radius R, what is the radius of the arc...
44. ### Behavior of charged particles in Free and Bound states

If there are 3 positive charges of +1, +3, +5 coulombs equidistant from a negative charge of 1 coulomb what positive charge will this negative charge be attracted to ? Is the result different if the charges exist in a “bound” state (resulting in electrovalent compounds) where a positive charge...
45. ### B Relativistic Simulation of Charged Particles: How a Physicist Would Go About It

Supposed i wanted to do a relativistic simulation of charged point particles moving at different velocities and interacting with each other. My simulation would give me the x,y,z coordinates of each particle seen from an arbitrary observer's point of view, at a given t. The t given however, is...
46. ### I Wavelength of photons exchanged between charged particles

When two electrons approach each other, there is a repulsion between them by the exchange of a photon as the electromagnetic force carrier. Is there a general range of wavelength of such photons? Does it depend on how rapidly these electrons are approaching each other?
47. ### Scattering of two charged particles

Homework Statement Two identical charged particles, each of mass m and charge e, are intitialy far apart. One of the particles is at rest at the origin, and the other approaching it with velocity v along the line x=b, y=0 where b=e^2/2 \pi \epsilon_0 mv^2. Find the scattering angle in the CM...
48. ### I Black Holes and Charged Particles

What happens when charged particles fall into a black hole? Say like N electrons fall in, giving the black hole a net charge of -N. Since light cannot escape the event horizon, I imagine electric fields cannot either, since they are mediated by photons. So is that charge effectively lost until...
49. ### Charged particles through various B field shapes quesion

Hi, first of all I wan to ask a few simple questions , when we move a piece of wire perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field like between the faces of two magnets facing N-S we get a current either one or the other way in the wire , yet when we would shoot an electron beam the same path as the...
50. ### Charged particles moving through a magnetic field

Homework Statement A collection of charged particles move through a magnetic field at an angle to the field lines. Calculate the velocity of the particle if it is an electron moving at 30 degrees to the magnetic field of strength 3.4mT, causing it to experience a force of 4.7x106-18N Homework...